The United States yesterday made public the English text of the treaty that the Carter administration has proposed as the basis for peace between Egypt and Israel.

The text, whose major points have been leaked widely to the press, was released after the semiofficial Egyptian newspaper Al Ahram published an Arabic version in its Friday editions.

U.S. officials said they did not know whether the Cairo newspaper acted with the approval of President Anwar Sadat's government or, if so, what the Egyptians hoped to gain from the move.

The officials identified the text as the one that was presented to Egypt and Israel on Nov. 11 with a strong U.S. recommendation that it be accepted. It consists of nine articles and a preamble containing language for partially resolving what has been the stickiest issue in the treaty negotiations - linking an Egyptian-Israeli accord to further talks on the status of the Israeli-occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip.

To establish the linkage, the preamble refers to the "Framework for Peace in the Middle East" agreed to at Camp Daivd and adds; "Noting that the aforementioned Framework as appropriate is intended to constitute a basis for peace not only between Egypt and Israel but also between Israel and each of its Arab neighbors which is prepared to negotiate peace with it on this basis."

After initially balking at any linkage language in the treaty proper, the Israeli Cabinet decided on Tuesday to agree to the text. But the Israelis rejected the concept of a timetable, to be set out in an accompanying letter, to bring about self-rule in regions inhabited by Palestinians.

Egypt, which has been insisting both on linkage language and a timetable, has not yet said whether it will accept or reject the proposed text, however, U.S. officials said they expect to hear from Sadat about Egypt's decision today or Sunday.

Even if Egypt agrees, the officials pointed out, the question of a timetable will still have to be worked out. The U.S. proposal calls for a letter to be appended to the treaty committing the two countries to negotiate details of Palestinian self-rule immediately after ratification of the treaty, on the understanding that elections for autonomous councils in the West Bank and Gaza would be held by the end of 1979.

Other major points covered by the text include:

Termination of the state of war between the two countries, with Israeli troops withdrawing from the occupied Sinai Peninsula and Egypt resuming sovereignty over the Sinai.

Following interim withdrawal of the Israeli forces, establishment "of normal and friendly relations" including "full recognition, diplomatic, economic and cultural relations, termination of economic boycotts and discriminatory barriers to the free movement of people and goods."

Mutually recognizing the permanent boundary between Egypt and Israel as "the recognized international boundary between Egypt and the former mandated territory of Palestine, without prejudice to the issue of the status of the Gaza Strip," which was occupied by Egypt in 1948 and by Israel in 1967.

Recognizing "each other's right to live in peace within their secure and recognized boundaries."

Pledging to "settle all disputes by peaceful means."

Establishing "limited force zones" on both sides of the border with provision for stationing U.N. forces and observers in a demilitarized area between them.

Guaranteeing Israeli ships, cargoes and nationals "the right of free passage through the Suez Canal" and considering the Strait of Tiran and the Gulf of Aqaba "to be international waterways open to all nations."

Specifying that disputes arising from the treaty be resolved by negotiation, or if that fails, by conciliation or arbitration.

Agreement to "establish a claims commission for the mutual settlement of all financial claims."