President Carter will meet Egyptian Prime Minister Mustafa Khalil at the White House this week to discuss Egypt's views on the proposed peace treaty with Israel, reliable sources said yesterday.

The sources said a time for the meeting, requested by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat's government, has not yet been fixed.

However, some sources added, the meeting is likely to be no later than Wednesday, since Sadat is scheduled to meet Senate Majority Leader Robert C. Byrd (D-W.Va.) in Cairo that day. Byrd, who is on a Middle East tour, is understood to be acting as a semiofficial emissary of Carter authorized to discuss the treaty draft submitted by the United States to the two countries on Nov. 11.

Last week, Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin's cabinet approved the draft, which includes language that can be interpreted as linking an Egyptian-Israeli peace to a joint commitment to negotiate further on the status of the Israeli-occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip and their Palestinian inhabitants.

However, the Israelis rejected the idea of spelling out a timeable for these negotiations in an exchange of letters accompanying the treaty. The Israelis also have said that their acceptance of the proposed draft marks the limits of their concessions in the peace talks.

Although the Egyptian position on the Nov. 11 draft is not publicly known, sources familiar with the talks generally expect Khalil to tell Carter that Sadat wants further changes.

Specifically, these sources said, Egypt is expected to continue pressing its demand for a definite timetable for starting and completing the West Bank-Gaza negotiations.

In addition, said the sources, the Egyptians are expected to seek dilution of language in article six of the proposed draft that would give the treaty with Israel precedence over Egypt's mutual defense treaties with other Arab countries.

The sources said Sadat, while willing to honor the priority in practice, is wary of committing himself on paper to the idea that Egypt would not intervene should war break out between Israel and one of Egypt's Arab allies.