U.S. officials returning to Washington with Secretary of State Cyprus Vance yesterday clearly were angered by the criticism of the United States by Israel rejected the latest peace treaty proposals.

A seniror official on the plane, saying the United States does not think the Israeli decision "advances the negotiations," charged the Israeli Cabinet with inaccuracies in characterizing the rejected proposals.

Vance, on arrival in Washington, called the Israeli statement "disappointing." He said there would be no further comment from the government until he reports to President Carter.

In the first Egyptian reaction, the official Cairo radio said the Israeli move could undermine what has already been agreed upon in the lengthy negotiations.

Accusing Israel of lying "to obstruct peace efforts," the radio said, "We now see ourselves returning to the starting point because of Israel's intransigence."

The senior official aboard Vance's plane, explaining the Israeli "inaccuracies," said it is misleading to contend that the Israeli government has been ready to sign the draft treaty proposed by the United States on Nov. 11.

At that time, the official noted, Israel rejected the so-called side letter dealing with a timetable for Palestinian autonomy, which he said was an integral part of the total U.S.% PROPOSAL.

THE SENIOR OFFICIAL ALSO CHARACTERIZED AS MISLEADING AND INACCURATE THE ISRAELI CABINET'S CHARGES THAT VARIOUS INTERPRETIVE NOTES PROPOSED THIS WEEK CHANGE THE BASIC CHARACTER OF THE TREATY. THESE NOTES, THE OFFICIAL SAID, ARE MERELY CLARIFICATIONS OF POINTS UNCLEAR IN THE TREATY TEXT.