A House Armed Services Committee panel released a report yesterday on the strategic arms limitation talks concluding that the SALT II agreements nearing completition would permit the Soviet Union to gain "strategic superiority" over the United States.

The panel, composed primarily of hard-line members of Congress, released the report to the press without including a sharp dissent from Rep. Bob Carr (D-Mich.), the only outspoken SALT supporter on the panel.

"This panel is blatantly biased and projudiced and will pull every dirty trick in the book," Carr charged last night.

The panel's report concludes that SALT II would not significantly constrain Soviet arms programs, but would seriously hamper the United States and would lead to contractual American inferiority.

The report said: "The panel questions whether, if the Soviets are permitted to gain strategic superiority either with or without SALT II, why a treaty is required to formalize the situation?"

Carr said last night the panel's conclusions were based on the assumption that the United States "is or is about to be inferior to the Soviet Union" in strategic power. Carr -- like the Defense Department and the Carter administration -- said this was a fallacious assumption that distorted all the panel's findings.

The panel report echoes the views of hard-line critics of SALT, including Paul Nitze, a former Defense Department official and SALT negotiator who testified to the group.

The members of the panel besides Carr were Reps. Charles H. Wilson (D-Calif.) Samuel S. Stratton (d- n.y/.), William L. Dickinson (R-Ala.) and Marjorie S. Holt (R-Md.).

The report is due to be formally published today. A committee staffer, Peter C. Hughes. said last night he had made it available -- minus the Carr dissent -- on the instructions of Adam J. Klein, another member of the committee staff. Hughes said he had not seen a dissent from Carr.