Three Arab ministers yesterday condemned President Carter's plans to visit Egypt and Israel and accused Egypt's President Anwar Sadat of being ready to surrender to the enemy. Moscow denounced the visit as a "last desperate effort" to draw concessions from Sadat.

In Kuwait, representatives of Iraq, Syria and the Palestine Liberation Organization criticized Carter and Sadat as they prepared to leave an Arab League foreign ministers meeting.

"I believe the [Carter] visit is for the signing of the reconciliation between the Sadat regime and the enemy," said Iraq's foreign minister, Saadoun Hamadi.

"Sadat will rejoin the Arab ranks and will sign a peace treaty with Israel. If he wants to rejoin the Arabs it would be better for him to retire," said Abdel Halim Khaddam, Syria's foreign minister.

Syria's state-run radio criticized Carter's trip as a prelude to what it saw as a sellout peace treaty between "Sadat the traitor and Begin the terroist."

"The Arab people do not welcome Carter's trip and also reject his stay in the Arab world," said Farouk Khaddoumi, who acts as the foreign minister for the PLO.

Clovis Maksoud, a former Arab League envoy to the United States, said Carter was undertaking "an exercise in futility."

"It is not so much Egypt or Israel that are the stumbling blocks" to peace, Marksound said, "but the fact that the Camp David framework does not recognize the centrality of the Palestinians' rights."

The Soviet news agency Tass said that the main purpose of Carter's trip will be to press concessions from Sadat, who has "taken the road of surrender to Tel Aviv's political and territorial claims."