Nobel Peace Prize laureate Andrei Sakarov, the leader of the Soviet human rights improvement today called for a complete amnesty for all Soviet political prisoners.

"We are convinced that only a general political amnesty can become a real basis for confidence and mutual understanding between the Soviet Union and the United States and other countries of the West," he said.

While welcoming the unexpected release yesterday of five imprisoned Soviet dissidents, Sakharov and his wife, Elena Bonner named 15 other imprisoned human rights figures, including Yuri Orlov and Anatoly Scharansky as victims to be freed immediately.

"And there are many others," the Sakharovs said.

Sakharov, who was awarded the 1975 Nobel Peace Prize for his human rights efforts, is one of the few prominent dissident figures still untouched by the campaign of trials or expulsions that has gone on for nearly two years by the KGB secret police.

Meanwhile, the U.S. Embassy here continued efforts to notify the freed men's families of the news and offer American assistance if needed to help them join their men in the United States.

The five-Alexander Ginzburg, Eduard Kuznetsov, Mark Dymshits, Georgi Vins and Valentin Moroz -- arrived in New York Friday on a Aeroflot flight from Moscow. They were exchanged for Valdek Enger and Rudolf Chernyayev, two Soviet United Nations officials convicted of espionage by a New Jersey federal court and out on bond pending appeals of their 50-year sentences.

Enger and Chernyayev arrived at Mosow's Sheremetyevo airport this morning on the regular Aerofiot return flight. They were given a formal VIP welcome when they stepped into the peserved arrival lounge, from which foreign correspondents were barred.

The ceremony included presentation of flowers, a short speech, and applause from the group of about 20 persons who had gathered to welcome them. The two refused to speak with reporters when they left the arrival lounge.

Mrs. Ginzburg, 41, who first heard the news by accident over the Voice of America early this morning, was reported today to be in bed with a sore throat and also suffering from nervous exhaustion. She was seeing only close friends by late afternoon, and politely wought to end the parade of foreign correspondents to her apartment well outside central Moscow.

Friends said that an official from the Soviet visa office arrived at 4 p.m. today to urge her to begin the exit visa application process. But she said she would wait until after the threeday May Day holiday which will be celebrated through Wednesday here.

Mrs. Ginzburg is administrator of a relief fund for political prisoners. She said she expected it would be some time before her mother-in-law would be well enough to travel. Ginzburg's 72-year-old mother has been in bed with heart trouble and a severe bronchial condition for several months. The Ginzburgs themselves are parents of two small sons.

A U.S. spokesman here said American diplomats will "monitor" the progress of the freed men's famililes through the visa process. The spokes than said he was unsure today whether all the families had been fully notified. The five are from Moscow, Leningrad, and the Ukraine.

The family of Baptist dissident Vins includes five children, the oldest of whom, 22-year-old Pyotr, himself has already served a year in a Soviet labor camp for political activities.Last month, Sakharov reported that the young man had been attacked and beaten several times while trying to contact U.S. diplomats of the American consular advance party in Kiev.

Sakharov, exhausted and confined to bed in his Moscow apartment, made a joint statement with his wife today clearly attempting to seek publicity for the dissidents' cause.

He said it was "blatant injustice" that there are still three men in prison from the 1970 Leningrad air hijacking plot. Dymshits and Kuinetaov were part of that group.

Last Tuesday, five Jewish activitists serving 10 year terms for tring to flee the country in a hijacked plane were unexpectedly released. They promptly left for Igrael. The three men still imprisoned are Iosif Mendelyevich, Yuri Feodorov and Alexel Muzhenko.

The Sakharovs added: "We are struck and deeply hurt that Orolv, Scharansky and other members of the Helsinki group, including Viktoras Pyatkus, Leuko Lukyanenko, Mikola Rudenko, Oles Tikhy, Miroslav Marinovich and Mikola Matursevich are not liberated. One of the prominent representatives of our human rights movement, biologist Sergei Kovalyov, along with psychiatrist Semyon Gluzman and Igor Ogurtsov, Vladimir Schelkov, and many others are still in confinement."