A Jordanian government report that has been circulated among the leadership of the Arab world points out the deep and interdependent links that have developed between the economies of Israel and the occupied West Bank and Gaza areas during 12 years of occupation.
The report reflects the skepticism of most Arab states about the ability, or willingness, of Israel to disengage itself from those territories.
The study has been delivered to Arab leaders personally by King Hussein and Crown Prince Hassan. It was referred to by Crown Prince Fahd of Saudi Abrabia in recent interviews with Western journalists as a cause of Arab skepticism that the Camp David peacemaking approach can lead to a resumption of Arab sovereignty in the West Bank and Gaza.
The study relies primarily on Israeli statistics to pinpoint the growing economic interdependence.
It examines five resources - land, labor, water electricity and trade - and concludes that Israel is exploiting West Bank land, labor and capital "to link the economies of the West Bank and Israel in a way to enable Israel to reap what benefits it can from the resources of the West Bank and to make it as dependent as possible on Israel for its well-being."
By circulating this report among the Arab leadership now and by trying to focus international attention on the effects of Israeli occupation, Jordanian officials are pressing their viewpoint that the current Egyptian-Israeli peacemaking effort will only aggravate the West Bank's dependence on the Israeli economy.
Jordan feels this must be a major issue in the coming negotiations among Israel, Egypt and the United States on the "full autonomy" that is to be granted Palestinians in the occupied territories.
The study says Israel has expropriated 27.3 percent of the West Bank's total area. This annexed land is used primarily for Jewish settlements and Israeli military camps. By the beginning of this year, 68 Jewish settlements housing more than 90,000 people took up 6.3 percent of the land area of the West and East Jerusalem.
The study quotes Israeli and British sources to argue that Israel is also growing dependent on the West Bank's water resources.
While the West Bank has a water surplus of some 700 million cubic meters per year, Israel is expected to suffer a deficit this year of 265 million cubic meters. The deficit is projected to be twice that by 1985.
Unless Israel takes advantage of the water resources of the West Bank, it will likely run short as early as this year, the study suggests, saying that "in effect, the West Bank has been partially destined as the water reservoir of Israel." on an estimated 60,000 West Bank Workers who commute to work in Israel, forming about 5 percent of the Israeli labor force.
Most of these cheaper Arab workers have unskilled construction jobs. While they may earn higher wages in Israel than at home, the study said, their earnings are not helping the development of the West Bank's own economy because much of their earnings return to Israel as payments for Israeli exports to the West Bank.
Another indicator of the mutual dependence of the Israeli and West Bank economies, according to the Jordanian study, is the trade pattern that has evolved between them during the 12 years of occupation, with a strong Israeli domination of this trade.
In 1977, Israel took 62 percent of West Bank's exports and provided 90 percent of West Bank imports, while Jordan provided a market for only 37 percent of West Bank exports and provided a miniscule 2 percent of its imports.
"The figures highlight the results of a deliberate Israeli policy to link the economy of the West Bank to that of itw own . . . (and) in short the West Bank offers Israel a captive market totally dependent on developments in Israel and incapable of standing on its own feet," the report concludes.
Israel has prompted key sections of the West Bank to tie into the Israeli electrical grid, according to the study. It said some remaining Arab electrical companies, such as the Jerusalem Electricity Co., have been forced by Israeli occupation authorities to supply power to Jewish settlements and to buy their electricity from the Israeli electric utility.
From these various developments, the Jordanian study concludes, "it is clear that Israel is trying to create a fait accompli on the West Bank, But it is a one-sided relationship with the aim of total West Bank dependence on Israel for these and other essential requirements."