Joan Little, the 25-year-old black woman found not guilty four years ago of the ice-pick murder of a white jailer, was released on parole today from the North Carolina Correctional Center for Women.

She left immediately for New York City, where she is to begin work as a clerk in a lawyers' organization.

Little was serving a sever to 10-year sentence for breaking and entering and larceny and a six-month to two-year term for a 1977 prison escape.

Since her recapture in Brooklyn after a high-speed auto chase and her return to prison, Little has served her term without major incident.

Her new job is reportedly with the National Conference of Black Lawyers, which hired her temporarily during her earlier efforts to prevent extradition to North Carolina. She will remain under the supervision of New York parole officials for two years.

Little's 1975 trial here attracted worldwide attention. She was accused of using an icepick to kill Clarence Alligood, a white employe of the Beaufort County jail, where Little was being held pending appeal of her conviction for breaking and entering.

She contended that Alligood had sexually assaulted her and that she acted in self-defense. She was acquited.

Later returned to jail to finish serving her sentence, Little escaped. After her recapture, she fought extradition to North Carolina, saying she feared for her safety here.

However, once she was returned she wrote to the state Inmate Grievance Commission that "I will not attempt to put the North Carolina state prison system on trial.

"My goal is not to become a professional convict, but to become a former inmate. I place my confidence in Allah. . . . I have been a loser for so long, now I have a goal - that's to be a winner."