Following are excerpts from Pope John Paul II's homilies and addresses in Philadelphia and New York yesterday:

Responsibilities of Power . . . Values are strengthened when power and authority are exercised in full respect for all the fundamental rights of the human person, whose dignity is the dignity of one created in the image and likeness of God; when freedom is accepted not as an absolute end in itself, but as a gift that enables self-giving and service; when the family is protected and strengthened, when its unity is preserved, and when its role as the basic cell of society is recognized and honored.

Human-Christian values are fostered when every effort is made so that no child anywhere in the world faces death because of lack of food, or faces a diminished intellectual and physical potential for want of sufficient nourishment, or has to bear all through life the scars of deprivation.

Human-Christian values triumph when any system is reformed that authorizes the exploitation of any human being; when upright service and honesty in public servants is promoted; when the dispensing of justice is fair and the same for all; when responsible use is made of the material and energy resources of the world -- resources that are meant for the benefit of all; when the environment is preserved intact for the future generations.

Human-Christian values triumph by subjecting political and economic considerations to human dignity, by making them serve the cause of man -- every person created by God, every brother and sister redeemed by Christ . . . .

. . . Every human person, endowed with reason, is free when he is the master of his own action, when he is capable of choosing that good which is in conformity with reason, and therefore with his own human dignity.

Freedom can never tolerate an offense against the rights of others . . . . - At Philadelphia's Logan Circle.

One Community

. . . May the common dedication and the united efforts of all your citizens -- Catholics, Protestants and Jews alike -- succeed in making your inner city and suburbs places where people are no strangers to each other, where every man, woman and child feels respected; where nobody feels abandoned, rejected or alone . . . . - At Cathedral of Sts. Peter and Paul.

On Freedom

My visit to (New York) would not have been complete without coming to Battery Park, without seeing Ellis Island and the Statue of Liberty in the distance.

Every nation has its historical symbols. They may be shrines or statues or documents; but their significance lies in the truths they convey to other nations. Such a symbol in the United States is the Statue of Liberty. This is an impressive symbol of what the United States has stood for from the very beginning of its history; this is a symbol of freedom.It reflects the immigrant history of the United States, for it was freedom that millions of human being were looking for on these shores. And it was freedom that the young republic offered in compassion . . . .

. . . It will always remain one of the glorious achievements of this nation that, when people looked toward America, they received together with freedom also a chance for their own advancement. This tradition must be honored also today. The freedom that was gained, must be ratified each day by the firm rejection of whatever wounds, weakens or dishonors human life.

And so I appeal to all who love freedom and justice to give a chance to all in need, to the poor and the powerless. Break open the hopeless cycles of poverty and ignorance that are still the lot of too many of our brothers and sisters; the hopeless cycles of prejudices that linger on despite enormous progress toward effective equality in education and employment; the cycles of despair in which are imprisoned all those that lack decent food, shelter or employment; the cycles of underdevelopment that are the consequence of international mechanisms that subordinate the human existence to the domination of partially conceived economic progresses, and finally the inhuman cycles of war that springs from the violation of man's fundamental rights and produces still graver violation of them . . . . - At Battery Park

To the Jewish Community

. . . And I address a special word of greeting to the leaders of the Jewish community whose presence here honors me greatly . . . . Several common programs of study, mutual knowledge, a common determination to reject aff forms of antiSemitism and discrimination, and various forms of collaboration for the human advancement, inspired by our common biblical heritage, have created deep and permanent links between Jews and Catholics. As one who in my homeland has shared the suffering of your brethren, I greet you with the word taken from the Hebrew language: Shalom! Peace be with you. - At Battery Park

New York Farewell

. . . A visitor to New York is always impressed by the special character of this metropolis: skyscrapers, endless streets, large residential areas, housing blocks, and above all the millions of people who live here or who look here for the work that will sustain them and their family.

Large concentrations of people create special problems and special needs. The personal effort and loyal collaboration of everybody are needed to find the right solutions, so that all men, women, and children can live in dignity and develop to the full their potential without having to suffer for lack of education, housing, employment and cultural opportunities.

Above all, a city needs a soul if it is to become a true home for human beings. You, the people, must give it this soul. And how do you do this? By loving each other. Love for each other must be the hallmark of our lives. - At Shea Stadium

On Catholic Education

. . . I want to say something about Catholic education, to tell you why the church considers it so important and expends so much energy in order to provide you and millions of other young people with a Catholic education. The answer can be summarized in one word, in one person, Jesus Christ. The church wants to communicate Christ to you.

This is what education is all about, this is the meaning of life: to know Christ. To know Christ as a friend: As someone who cares about you and the person next to you, and all the people here and everywhere -- no matter what language they speak, or what clothes they wear, or what color their skin is.

. . . Dear young people: By a real Christian life, by the practice of your religion, you are called to give witness to your faith. And because actions speak louder than words, you are called to proclaim by the conduct of your daily lives that you really do believe that Jesus Christ is Lord! - At Madison Square Garden