Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser announced plans yesterday in Canberra to increase Australia's military presence in Asia, while Kenyan President Daniel arap Moi confirmed during a state visit to Bonn that he will allow U.S. military forces to operate from Kenya in the event of an emergency in the Persian Gulf.
In a nationwide radio and television broadcast, Fraser said the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan demonstrates Moscow's "scant respect for nonalignment."
Fraser termed the Soviet presence in that country the latest "in a long history" of intervention and expansion beginning with the Middle East, Angola, South Yemen, Ethiopia, Vietnam and Cambodia.
"As to the nature of the response needed," said Fraser, "we will be increasing our patrolling and surveillance in the Indian Ocean. We shall seek to enlarge our defense cooperation with friendly countries in southeast Asia. We shall sustain programs for our national defense preparedness."
Fraser also restated his government's strong opposition to Australian participation in the Moscow Olympics.
In Bonn, Kenyan President Moi stressed during a press conference that Kenya had not offered the United States military bases but only operating facilities.
Oman and Somalia also have agreed tentatively to allow U.S. military forces to operate from those countries in the event of an emergency in the Gulf region.
Moi is to visit the United States for talks with President Carter from Feb. 19-22.
In Moscow, the 1,800 U.S. Marines being sent to the Gulf of Oman were described as intended to "put pressure on Iran" and not to defend the Gulf region from "some sort of outside threat," Radio Moscow said.
The radio also charged the Marines were "the first contingent to the so-called [U.S.] rapid intervention force which will be made up of 100,000 men."
Soviet Defense Minister Dmitri Ustinov said at a meeting near Moscow that the root of the crisis in Afghanistan was the United States' desire to create an anti-Soviet military base there to replace its lost positions in Iran.
In Geneva, the U.S. delegate to the U.N. Human Rights Commission, Jerome Shestack, alleged that the Afghan government had executed as many as 5,000 people at Pulecharki prison near Kabul since taking power in December. He said Moscow should be held responsible for the government's actions.
Radio Afghanistan, meanwhile, said 3,860 Afghan rebels laid down their arms in central Bamiyan Province and pledged to support the government.