John Anderson is often compared with fellow House member Mo Udall, and now the two can really commiserate. It was Udall, in 1976, who led through the night then lost by an eyelash in the Wisconsin primary. Tuesday night, Anderson went him one better. He did the same thing in both Vermont and Massachusetts.

No one seemed to care. Whether it was a function of early deadlines or genuine conviction, the media in America gave this round of the campaign to the Republican congressman from Illinois who had staked out the preposterous position of running as a liberal.

Anderson's fellow Illinoisans will determine in two weeks whether he is more than a shooting star in this year's presidential galaxy. Meanwile, Ronald Reagan, George Bush and perhaps even John Connally will contest the South. And Howard Baker will reflect.

Both Sen. Edward M. Kennedy and President Cartr were able to claim Democratic victories on Tuesday, but it was Kennedy's 2-to-1 triumph in Massachusetts, not Carter's 3-to-1 victory in Vermont, that swung attention to the March 18 showdown in Illinois.

The delegate count, according to United Press International, now looks like this:

For Democrats, Kennedy has 111, and 6 uncommitted.

For Republicans, Bush has 36, Reagan 35, Anderson 15, Baker 8, Connally 1, with 8 uncommitted.