Some recent representative quotes about foreign policy from Sen. Edmund S. Muskie (D-Maine), the man President Carter has named as his secretary of state:

Monday, in response to the aborted rescue mission in Iran: "I believe the president had the authority and the responsibility to explore the feasibility of a rescue mission, to develop it as an option and to carry it out at such time as his best judgement dictated . . . We regret that the rescue failed. We do not regret the attempt. After all, it was a response to kidnaping and blackmail and we cannot rule out the use of any appropriate means which might end the confrontation and bring sanity back to Iran."

Last Friday, on the subject of the hostages:

"We have sought support from our allies. We have attempted every peaceful avenue to secure the release of the hostages. We will continue these efforts. It is still my belief and my deepest hope that a peaceful solution is possible."

On the SALT II treaty:

"There are those in the United States who believe that only with unlimited nuclear superiority can we check adventurism . . . those people are wrong. Superiority in nuclear forces is not useful.

". . . We must accept the Soviet Union as a neighbor on this planet, whatever its political philosophy -- a neighbor with rights, hopes and fears." Dec. 4, 1979.

On nuclear strategy:

"The real danger to the United States is the failure to develop a comprehensive nuclear strategy that covers the spectrum from peacetime deterrence through crisis deterance, war fighting and war termination -- and the failure to develop a force structure appropriate to that strategy." Dec. 18, 1979.

On President Carter's grain embargo of the Soviet Union, on Jan. 8, 1980.

"That's a tough policy toward the Soviet Union. It may not deter them or cause them to reverse their course, but it is going to hurt them with an impact, I'm sure, on their future policies. Because it's tough and it conceivably will impose sacrifices upon some Americans, we begin to hear criticism of it.

". . . I heard one commentator on Sunday say there was nothing in the president's speech which represented steel on steel. What does he mean by steel on steel? Does he mean declaring war and would that impose sacrifice on any American? Young people would have to fight the war. The taxpayer would have to pay for it.

"Tough policies are tough to the extent that a president identifies them and then has the support to make them credible. If after he adopts a tough policy, we begin to cry about how tough they are on us, how credible is the policy?"

On the invasion of Afghanistan:

"Every country which borders the Soviet Union or its satellites must now lie alert to further Soviet adventurism.

"A dozen years of detente have been wiped out by a single act of international cannibalism." Jan. 22, 1980.

On candidates Carter and Kennedy feuding over Iran:

"I would say that both the candidates have overreacted which is a tendency in bitterly fought campaigns. I recall that even I have overreacted as a candidate from time to time." Feb. 17, 1980.

On American support for the shah:

"There is no question as a matter of record and a matter of history that the CIA was party to the overthrow of Mossadegh and the enthronement of Pahlavi on the throne of Iran. It is a matter of record. Now acknowledging that kind of a fact is not a mea culpa to me. Denying it would be to deny an historical truth." Feb. 17, 1980.

On sharing budget cuts:

"It will be difficult, but I think we must because, if we do not subject defense spending to restraints -- and that means not cutting back, but holding down the extent of the increase -- at this point, then it's going to be very difficult to put the rest of the restrained budget in place." March 16, 1980.