The sound of Texans speaking with Scottish accents is just one of the side effects of a North Sea oil boom that has turned this previously isolated northern city ito a bustling base for multinationals.

Others have been soaring property values, a temporary housing shortage, the city's first traffic jams and inflation of the price of everything from furniture to restaurant meals.

Aside from these ills, however, the oil boom appears to have had little adverse effect on Aberdeen, and its thousands of American, French, Dutch, Norwegian and other foreign oil workers seem to have blended in well with the Scots who make up the bulk of the industry's work force.

The Americans are the most numerous foreigners. An estimated 5,000 Americans are scattered throughout Aberdeen and its suburbs and surrounding countryside. Many of them live in the most sought-after neighborhoods and villages northwest of the city center.

Although several hundred students are enrolled in a private American school being financed and operated by American oil companies, a majority of the American children attend Scottish schools. This year, the prize for the top graduate of Aberdeen's prestigious Robert Gordon School, based on both academic and athletic achievement, went to an American, the son of an oil industry manager.

Scots working on the oil rigs sport 10-gallon hats, and Americans who have lived in Aberdeen for a few years sound more and more Scottish. Perhaps the most obvious sign of the American presence in Aberdeen is the prosperous Scottish-owned American tore, stocked to the ceiling with food from "the tates," particularly the American outwest.

Max Deckard, a Louisiana-born executive of an offshore oil drilling technology firm who has worked and lived in Aberdeen for eight years, said that "at the beginning of the boom there were more roughnecks coming through town, and they were not all appreciated. But now a lot of us are businessmen, and we're well integrated."

Roy Thompson, the Aberdeen councilman for the constituency where most Americans live, said, "Everything has worked out well, and there has been no real trouble."

Some American newcomers, however, have not adjusted well to Aberdeen. According to officials of the American School, these are mostly famalies from Texas, Louisana and Oklahoma who have not lived out the United States before and with the men away working on the offshore rigs for two weeks at a time.

These families are having difficulty with Aberdeen's cold climate and winter darkness, the relative lack of commercial recreation outlets, the reserve of the Scots, and the family disruption of the long shifts out on the rigs.

School teachers report that parents are primarily interested in keeping their children socializing with other Americans and combatting boredom. Family counselors report an abnormally large number of depressed wives and disturbed children.

"I guess it's those of us who have to live in lot less hospitable places around the world who really appreciate Aberdeen and Scotland," said one oil company executive.

"I complain about the plumbing and shopping a lot," added his wife, who works in Aberdeen as a lawyer, "but we are really right at home here now. I don't know where else I'd rather be, not even back in Texas."