The U.S. boycott effort has failed in Africa, where 24 countries have sent teams to Moscow. The major exception was Kenya, which went along with the boycott and thus deprived the Olympics of some of the world's best long-distance runners.

Here, in Lusaka, the government-controlled Times of Zambia reflected much of African opinion on the Games when it said in an editorial:

"Zambia is in Moscow not because it condones the Soviet adventure in Kabul, but because America's reasons for a boycott are not compelling enough -- in fact, the reasons are so flimsy as to be ridiculous."

Many Zambians cited what they called an American double standard since the United States gave no support to an African boycott in 1976 over an issue involving South Africa.

The Zambian, Kenyan and Tanzanian press all gave normal wire service coverage to the Games.

In Kenya, which has pulled out for the second straight time, a number of stars have missed Olympic fame forever. The key victim is Henry Rono, 28, who holds every distance record between 3,000 and 10,000 meters but may well be too old for a gold medal by the time of the 1984 Los Angeles Games.