The House yesterday followed the advice of its Foreign Affairs Committee and voted, 298 to 98, to disapprove President Carter's decision to ship nuclear fuel to India.

Disapproval by both House and Senate is needed to override the president's decision. The Senate vote is expected to be close. It's Foreign Relations Committee last week recommended disapproval by only a one-vote margin.

House opponents said that if this nation's nuclear non-proliferation policy is to mean anything, the export of nuclear fuel to India must be canceled because of India's refusal to subject all its nuclear facilities to international inspection. They said India may have misused nuclear materials supplied by the United States six years ago to help produce a nuclear explosion.

Supporters of the administration's decision said it would violate an agreement between the two countries not to supply the fuel for a nuclear power plant in India. They also contended that India would simply go elsewhere for nuclear fuel, perhaps to the Soviet Union, and that refusal to ship the fuel could actually increase the risk of nuclear proliferation in that region.

Carter overruled a unanimous decision by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in ordering sale of the fuel to India.