Rep. Charles E. Grassley (R-Iowa) briefly attended a Moral Majority conference in Washington last April, but was not a speaker, as was incorrectly reported in The Post in its post-election profiles of incoming senators.

When the 97th Congress is sworn in the first week of January, 74 new faces will be in the House of Representatives. Most of the new members -- profiled on this and the next two pages -- are Republicans: 52 of them, to be exact, many of them elected on the coattails of President-elect Ronald Reagan. Twenty-one new members are Democrats, and Thomas M. Foglietta of Pennsylvania was elected as an independent.

Forty-two of the incoming representatives will be of a different party than their predecessor and, on that score as well, the Republican Party was the overwhelming winner. The Democrats lost 38 seats in the Nov. 4 election; the GOP, four.

The 435-member House will thus have 242 Democrats, 192 Republicans and one independent. In the 96th Congress, the split was 273 Democrats and 159 Republicans, with three Democratic seats officially vacant, so the Democrats have lost 31 seats and the Republicans have gained 33. Alabama 6TH DISTRICT

The new Republican congressman from the district that includes Birmingham is Albert Lee Smith Jr., 49, an insurance man from Mountain Brook, a wealthy suburb. Smith's far-right politics caused a split between him and the more moderate Republican incumbent, John Buchanan, who had held the seat since 1964. Smith had been Buchanan's campaign manager in the late 1960s, but ran against him unsuccessfully two years ago. This time, Smith after attending a five-day school in Milwaukee run by Paul Weyrich's Free Congress Committee, utilized a Moral Majority door-to-door campaign to upset Buchanan in the Republican primary. The popular Buchanan, who counted on a substantial Democratic crossover vote in the general election, was unable to get on the ballot as a last-minute third-party candidate. Smith won easily over a little-known Democrat. Joe McFadden California 1ST DISTRICT

Republican Eugene Chappie, who defeated Democrat Harold (Bizz) Johnson, 72, dean of the California delegation, is no youngster or political newcomer. Chappie, 60, has never been defeated in his 30-year political career. A rancher in this rural, northern California district that borders Oregon, Chappie has been in the state assembly for 16 years, and before that served on the Placer County Board of Supervisors. Outspoken, irreverent and aggressive, he is regarded by colleagues in both parties as a bright and effective legislator. He campaigned on a platform of tax-cutting, halting inflation and encouraging free enterprise, and has said that his major goal as a congressman will be to "get government back under control." -- Katharine Macdonald 11TH DISTRICT

Thomas P. Lantos, 52, was the only Democratic congressional candidate in California who managed to unseat a Republican. Historically, this suburban San Francisco district is a liberal one, but in the wake of intraparty fighting to succeed Leo Ryan, assassinated two years ago in Guyana, the Democrats had lost this seat to Republican Bill Royer. Lantos, who was unopposed in the primary, bet on the district's reverting to form when he stressed Royer's "ultra-conservatism" as a major campaign issue. Lantos is a professor of economics on leave from San Francisco State University. He has worked as an aide to Sens. Frank Church and Joseph Biden. He was born in Budapest and came to America at age 19. -- Katharine Macdonald 21ST DISTRICT

Republican Bobbi Fiedler will be the only woman in California's 43 member House delegation, and she will be fighting to prove that she is more than a one-issue legislator. Fiedler, 43, defeated veteran Rep. James Corman by only 800 votes in a campaign that focused on busing, even when the candidates tried to talk about other issues. There are vehement antibusing sentiments among voters in this San Fernando Valley district. And Fiedler made her reputation as the founder of the valley's most influential anti-busing organization. Fielder has promised to do all she can in Congress to end mandatory busing, and has pledged to do battle against inflation and welfare cheating. -- Katharine Macdonald 31ST DISTRICT

Democrat Mervyn M. Dymally easily defeated his Republican opponent in this overwhelmingly Democratic nearly half black south Los Angeles district. tHe also scored a big victory over his rivals in June's primary, Charles Wilson, the Koreagate-tainted incumbent, and former Rep. Mark Hannaford. Dymally, who was born in Trinidad, served in the state legislature for 16 years before his election in 1974 as California's lieutenant governor. In 1978 he was defeated by current Lt. Gov. Mike Curb in a campaign that saw the congressman-elect battling charges of political corruption. Dymally, 54, worked as a teacher in Los Angeles City schools before entering elective politics, and as a businessman for the two years he has been out of office. He is a political rival of Mayor Tom Bradley, and has long been a power in Los Angeles' black community. He has promised to bring more jobs and low-cost rental housing to his district. -- Katharine Macdonald 35TH DISRICT

This was Republican David Dreier's second run against veteran Rep. Jim Lloyd, by whom he was defeated by 12,000 votes in 1978. This time, Dreier was the victor -- also by 12,000 votes. A 28-year old businessman, who once worked as a staff aide to Rep. Barry M. Goldwater Jr., Dreier based his campaign on his advocacy of the Kemp-Roth tax-cut bill, a strong military defense and a plea to voters to give Ronald Reagan support in Congress. Dreier also has promised to get rid of a toxic waste dump in this suburban district that takes in parts of Los Angeles and San Bernadino Counties, and he made political hay of the fact that Lloyd had once accepted a loan from the people that own the dump. -- Katharine Macdonald 41ST DISTRICT

When Republican congressman Bob Wilson declared his candidacy for this suburban San Diego congressional seat, and many observers thought the name alone would win the election for the Democrat. But they had not anticipated the length of Ronald Reagan's coattails or the solid show of party support for San Diego's deputy mayor, Bill Lowery, Wilson's 33-year-old Republican opponent and the victor in this race. Officially, Lowery's principal issues were inflation and national defense, but in practice the campaign rarely rose above name-calling. Lowery, who was a small businessman and bank marketing officer before winning a seat on the City Council in 1977, got a lot of help from the retiring congressman, and from such Republican heavy-weights as Reagan and former president Ford. Lowery delivered a speech to his party's national convention last summer, and he is regarded as a future star in the Republican Party. -- Katharine Macdonald 42ND DISTRICT

Duncan L. Hunter, 32, a lawyer, defeated longtime incumbment Lionel Van Deerlin in an upset. No one believed that the Democrat would have any problems winning reelection: Van Deerlin did not bother to campaign until he realized he was in trouble, but by then it was too late. Hunter has been a Republican Party activist since his high school days. This was his first foray into elective politics. Hunter's major campaign issue was the need to strengthen national defense, a popular stand in this urban San Diego district, home of the largest U.S. naval base, as well as many defense industry and shipbuilding concerns. -- Katharine Macdonald Colorado 4TH DISTRICT

Hank Browns, 40, a vice president of Monfort of Colorado meatpacking plant in Greeley, is a Republican elected to his first term with 68 percent of the vote. Brown, a lawyer, served from 1972 to 1976 in the Colorado Senate, and won the GOP nomination for lieutenant governor in 78. The Republican ticket lost that election. He ran on conservative themes such as the need to reduce the size and power of the federal government, the need for a constitutional amendment to balance the budget, and the need for a strong national defense. He succeeds Republican Rep. Jim Johnson, who didn't seek a fifth term. -- Ken Walsh Connecticut 2ND DISTRICT

Democrat Samuel Gejdenson, 32, a ceaseless campaigner, will succeed Rep. Christopher J. Dodd, a Democrat who is moving up to the U.S. Senate. Gejdenson, born in a displaced persons camp in Germany, grew grew up on a farm in Bozrah and emphasized his ties to the working man during his campaign. He is a former state representative who worked for a brief time as a coal broker for his father-in-law and then as liaison with the general assembly for Gov. Ella T. Grasso's office of policy and manangement. He quit in March to run for Congress. During his campaign, he criticized the oil companies for the energy crisis. He did not go along with the rush to support increased spending for defense, saying each project should be judged on its merits. -- David Barrett 3RD DISTRICT

Republican Lawrence J. DeNardis, 42, captured the district easily. He will succeed Rep. Robert N. Giaimo, a Demorcrat and House Budget Committee chairman who is retiring after 22 years in Congress. DeNardis comes from Hamden, a city of 50,000 close to New Haven that traditionally votes Republican. He is a former state senator, and took a leave of absence from his post as president of the Connecticut Conference of Independent Colleges to run for Congress. Before that, he was associate professor and chairman of the political science department at Albertus Magnus College, a small Roman Catholic college in New Haven. DeNardis is considered a moderate-to-liberal Republican, the third such in the state's eight-member congressional delegation. But he emphasized fiscal conservativism during his campaign, urging restraint in government spending a balanced budget and the like. --David Barrett Florida 5TH DISTRICT

Republican Congressman-elect Bill McCollum has ties on both sides of Florida's sprawling 5th District, which includes all or part of eight counties in west central Florida. McCollum is a native of Brooksville, a small city to the west of the district, where his father is the long time postmaster. And he practices law in Orlando, to the east, and lives in an Orlando suburb. McCollum, 36, is a conservative who favors the Kemp-Roth tax cut proposal, opposes the Equal Rights Amendment and supports constitutional amendments to ban abortion and ban school busing to achieve desegregation. He beat Democrat David Best in the general election after his primary victory over incumbent Republican Richard Kelly. Kelly faces bribery charges for his role in the FBI's Abscam operation. --John Harwood 12TH DISTRICT

Republican Clay Shaw will leave in the middle of his third term as mayor of Fort Lauderdale, the state's fifth largest city. Shaw, 41, is a corporation and bank lawyer who owns a wholesale nursery. He stresses conservative themes: support for increased defense spending and a tax cut, opposition to SALT II, the Equal Rights Amendment and abortion. Yet Shaw describes himself as a "progressive conservative" who is not part of his party's right wing. He succeeds Demorcrat Edward Stack, 70, who was defeated in the Democratic primary after serving one term. --John Harwood Georgia 2ND DISTRICT

Democrat Charles Hatcher, 41, an Albany lawyer, state legislator and the only fresh face in the Georgia delegation, replaces Rep. Dawson Mathis (D-Ga.), a 10-year congressman who resigned his seat to mount a losing battle against beleagured Sen. Herman E. Talmadge. Hatcher, Gov. George Busbee's assistant floor leader, fought his way out of a pack of nine Democrats into a primary runoff with Julian Holland, a Mathis aide who spent the last 10 years in Washington. Critics labeled Halland a closet bureaucrat with red clay on his fender but Virginia plates on his car. Hatcher sidestepped a liberal tag by waving anti-ERA, anti-guncontrol flags, and successfully shrugged off charges that he tried to win the 2nd District's 37 percent black vote by promising state funds for a swimming pool project. His conservative plank -- down with government spending, bureaucrats and taxes -- was indistinguishable from his opponents'. -- Art Harris Idaho 1ST DISTRICT

Republican Larry Craig, 35, a rancher, will replace Steve Symms, who was elected to the Senate, as representative of Idaho's huge 1st District, which stretches from Canada to Nevada. Craig handily defeated his opponent, Glenn Nichols of Boise, by 54 to 46 percent. He outspent Nichols nearly three to one. Announcing his candidacy in late 1979, he zeroed in on the nation's economic problems as his No. 1 issue. Nichols' main issue was opposition to the so-called Sagebrush Rebellion, charging that Craig and others wanted to sell off Idaho's public lands. Craig has served three two-year terms in the Idaho Senate. He is a graduate of the University of Idaho in political science and agricultural economics, and has done graduate work at George Washington University. He was student body president at the University of Idaho. -- By Steve Ahrens Illinois 1ST DISTRICT

Democrat Harold Washington, 58 served from 1965 to 1976 in the Illinois House of Representatives and in the Illinois Senate from 1977 to the present. He got his start in politics in the Chicago's south side 3rd Ward Democratic organization of the late Rep. Ralph H. Metcalfe. He replaces Rep. Bennett M. Stewart, whom he defeated in the Demorcratic primary. He campaigned on the theme of independence from Chicago's City Hall machine. -- Basil Talbott 2ND DISTRICT

Augustus A. Savage, 54, is the former publisher of the Citizen News, a group of community newspapers in Chicago. He is a Democrat and had been unsuccessful in four previous runs for office, including one for Congress. He replaces Rep. Morgan Murphy, who retired. He won the primary in his heavily Democratic district on a pledge that he would be independent of Major Jane M. Byrne and the Cook County Democratic Party organization. He also stressed his activisim on behalf of black causes. -- Basil Talbott 16TH DISTRICT

Republican Lynn M. Martin, 40, a state senator and former high school teacher, replaces Rep. John B. Anderson, who decided to run for president. She was elected to the Winnebago County Board in 1972, the Illinois House in 1976 and the state senate in 1978. Martin campaigned on her record as a fiscal conservative, but her views were moderated in the social arena by support of the Equal Rights Amendment. -- Basil Talbott Indiana 3RD DISTRICT

Republican John P. Hiler, 27, of LaPorte, defeated Democratic House Whip John Brademas, 53, of South Bend. Hiler, who lost a state legislative race in 1978, earned a master's degree in business administration at the University of Chicago and is marketing director of a family-owned foundry business. A conservative, he expounded on the theme of a fouled-up economy, with variations: Congress is largely to blame; Brademas is a big-spending liberal leader of that Congress; he has been in too long, it's time for a change. High unemployment in the district, particularly in Elkhart County, center of the recreational vehicle industry, worked against Brademas. In vain, Brademas pointed to his legislative accomplishments in education, his success in winning projects for his district, and his clout as whip. He had been in Congress 22 years. -- Gordon Englehart 4TH DISTRICT Fort Wayne Republican Dan Coats, 37, defeated John Walda, 30, with 61 percent of the votes. Coats replaces Republican Dan Quayle, who left the House to win a senatorial seat Nov. 4. Coats, a graduate of Wheaton College in Illinois and Indiana University Law School, was Quayle's district representative since 1976. Before that, he was assistant vice president and counsel for Mutual Security Life Insurance Co. Coats endorsed the standard GOP campaign themes: the Kemp-Roth tax cut, reduced federal spending, a balanced federal budget, cutbacks in government regulation and increased defense spending. Walda, who jogged 140 miles across the district during the campaign, accused Coats of failing to vote in five elections in the past seven years. -- Gordon Englehart Iowa 3RD DISTRICT Republican Cooper Evans of Grundy Center will succeed Republican Rep. Charles Grassley. Evans, a wealthy farmer and retired engineer, spent $300,000 of his own money to win a narrow victory over Democratic candidate Lynn Cutler of Waterloo in a race that was marred by the death of Cutler's husband only 10 days before the election. Evans is a graduate of the Oak Ridge School of Reactor Technology and of the U.S. Army command and General Staff College, and worked on atomic energy programs for the Army and the old Atomic Energy Commission. Evans served five years in the Iowa House of Representatives, where he specialized in energy issues. Evans campaigned on traditional 1980 Republican themes of cutting taxes, balancing the federal budget and increasing defense spending. He was less doctrinaire on other issues, as he rejected all political action committee contributions and broke with many GOP conservatives to support a proposed state equal rights amendment. -- David Yepsen Kansas 1ST DISTRICT Republican Pat Roberts, 44, joins three fellow Republicans and a Democrat in Kansas' congressional delegation. Roberts is a former newspaperman and radio newsman and a congressional aide for the last 14 years. He is from Dodge City, in the agrarian western and central part of the state. His previous political experience is service as an administrative assistant to Rep. Keith Sebelius, a Republican, for 12 years, and he won the seat Sebelius vacated this year when he retired after serving six terms in the House. The principal issue of the campaign was experience. Roberts pointed to the district contacts he made while working in Washington and to his experience with the legislative process. His Democratic opponent, Phil Martin, 34, a lawyer and state representative from Larned, contended that his five years in the Kansas house gave him the best background for the job. -- Laura Scott Kentucky 5TH DISTRICT Harold (Hal) Rogers, 42, will take over the southeastern Kentucky seat of Republican Tim Lee Carter, who retired. Since 1969, Rogers has served as the elected prosecutor in two Republican counties, and he will go to Washington with Carter's blessing, which carried considerable clout in the district, Kentucky's only Republican stronghold. Rogers ran an unsuccessful statewide race for lieutenant governor last year. That race was widely regarded as a move to get the jump on all the other candidates in this year's congressional race. Rogers is not a longstanding Reagan supporter, although he campaigned heavily for him in the general election, which was a walk for Rogers. Rogers was former president Gerald R. Ford's state campaign chairman in 1976. -- Carolyn Gatz Louisiana 4TH DISTRICT Democrat Charles (Buddy) Roemer III, 36, a farmer-businessman from Bossier City, will be taking his first elective office, but his name is well known because his father was commissioner of administration under Gov. Edwin W. Edwards. Roemer and Claude (Buddy) Leach, the 46-year-old freshman congressman he defeated, took conservative stands on most issues and agreed on most points, especially on the need for balancing the budget and increasing military spending. Roemer also emphasized the need for increasing employment opportunities in northwest Louisiana. The chief issue was Leach, who had won the House seat in a contest tainted by accusations of vote-buying. Leach was tried and acquitted, but 35 other persons were convicted of paying $5 to $12 per vote in the 1978 contest. Legal action stemming from that action required Leach to spend much of his term in Louisiana, resulting in a poor attendance record that Roemer stressed in his campaign. -- John Pope Maryland 1ST DISTRICT The election returns list Democrat Roydon P. Dyson as the man who won, but he was less the winner than he was the man who picked up the pieces. One month before the election, Robert E. Bauman, the conservative stalwart who had represented the rural district for three terms, pleaded not guilty to charges of soliciting sex from a 16-year-old boy -- charges which, Bauman said, stemmed from his "twin compulsions" of alcoholism and homosexuality. Not even Bauman's popularity could offset the effect of these revelations on his constituents. Enter Dyson, 31, the little-known scion of an old southern Maryland family. In four years in Annapolis, Dyson had developed a somewhat paradoxical reputation: for example, he championed the interests of his tobacco-growing constituents by opposing antismoking legislation, yet flouted their traditional anticity sentiments by supporting the D.C. Voting Rights Amendment. -- Felicity Barringer Massachusetts 4TH DISTRICT

The one change in the Massachusetts delegation for the 97th Congress is the departure of Rep. Robert F. Drinan and the arrival of Barney Frank. Frank, 40, a former state representative who has been the point man for left-liberal causes on Beacon Hill, is an irreverent political scholar, who left the Ph.D. program in government at Harvard to join the political machine of Boston Mayor Kevin H. White in 1967. He spent about four years as White's right-hand man and political operative, then became the administrative assistant for former representative Michael J. Harrington before running for the Massachusetts House from Boston's Back Bay neighborhood in 1972. The Americans for Democratic Action and other liberal groups have been eager for Frank to reach Congress, where his outspoken liberalism could be a rallying-point for dispirited leftists. -- Chris Colford Michigan 6TH DISTRICT

Republican James Dunn, 37, an East Lansing home and apartment builder, defeated three-term incumbent Democrat Robert Carr in the only real upset in Michigan congressional contests. Dunn, a liberal on social questions such as abortion and the Equal Rights Amendment, was making his first run for public office. He attacked Carr's record as the Michigan delegation's most consistent supporter of Carter administration policies, and he denounced a series of votes Carr cast against the censure of former Michigan congressman Charles Diggs. Dunn put about $140,000 of his own money into the campaign and outspent Carr more than two to one. Dunn is a graduate of Michigan State University. -- John Hyde 13TH DISTRICT

Retired Judge George Crockett Jr., a Democrat, was assured of victory in the race to succeed Charles Diggs in his inner-city Detroit district when he won the August primary. Crockett, 70, a close friend of Diggs and Detroit Mayor Coleman Young, was one of the first black graduates of the University of Michigan Law School and has had a long, often controversial legal career. He served four months in a federal prison in the 1950s for contempt of court while he was defending an accused Communist. Crockett won on the strength of his name and reputation in the black community. Crockett was widowed in 1979, and recently remarried, to a Washington, D.C., physician. He has already assumed office, filling the vacancy created by Diggs' imprisonment on a kickback conviction. -- John Hyde Michigan 14TH DISTRICT

Democrat Dennis Hertel, 31, a state representative from Detroit, retained Democratic control of the seat held for two decades by Lucien Nedzi, who is retiring from Congress. The Republican candidate, Detroit broadcaster Vic Caputo, mounted a well-financed challenge, charging that Hertel was a political hack who would continue the big-spending policies of the Democratic Congress. But Caputo proved no match for Hertel, a strong organizational politician who scored a smashing victory in a hard-fought Democratic primary to win the nomination. Hertel presented himself as a moderate Democrat; he had strong backing from the United Auto Workers and other labor unions. Hertel is a graduate of Wayne State University Law School. -- John Hyde Minnesota 6TH DISTRICT

Vin Weber, 28, the victor in this Minnesota congressional district, began his campaign with the image of a New Right Republican, but wound it up in the style of a pragmatic middle-of-the-roader. Weber spent $400,000 -- a record for a Minnesota congressional campaign -- to defeat Archie Baumann, 57, a traditional Minnesota Democratic Farmer Labor Party populist, 52 to 48 percent. In 1974 he became press secretary to Rep. Tom Hagerdorn (R-Minn.). In 1978 he was director of Republican Rudy Boschwitz's successful campaign for the U.S. Senate, and then served as the senator's senior Minnesota aide before running for Congress. He is president of the Webster Publishing Co. and copublisher of The Murray County Herald, a family-owned weekly newspaper. An unconditional anti-abortionist, he succeeds liberal Richard Nolan (D-Minn.), 37, who did not seek a fourth term. -- Austin Wehrwein Missouri 8TH DISTRICT

Republican Wendell Bailey, 40, an automobile dealer who served eight years in the state house of representatives, replaces Democratic Rep. Richard Ichord, who retired with 20 years of experience, once chaired the now-defunct House Un-American Activities Committee and was popular in the politically conservative district. Bailey is a conservative as well, and defeated a more moderate Democratic opponent after a campaign in which Bailey called for reducing taxes and government programs. One of Bailey's more notable efforts while serving in the Missouri House was publication at office expense of a guide to the registered lobbyists in the state capitol, a guide complete with photographs, organizations represented and telephone numbers where lobbyists could be reached. -- Bleys W. Rose 10TH DISTRICT

Missouri's 10th District seat in the traditionally Democratic southeast corner of the state will be represented by Republican Bill Emerson, a former congressional aide and Washington lobbyist. Emerson, 42, lives in DeSoto, south of St. Louis. He returned to Missouri in 1979 to run for Congress against six-term incumbent Democrat Bill Burlison. Emerson served as a special assistant to Kansas Rep. Bob Ellsworth from 1961 to 1965, and later was an administrative assistant to Maryland's Charles McC. Mathias Jr., from 1965 to 1970. Much of the rest of his Washington experience was as a lobbyist. During 1975, he served briefly as executive assistant to the chairman of the newly created Federal Election Commission. Emerson credits his surprise victory over the Democratic incumbent to his stances on the poor state of the economy and to his claim that Burlison was the House's biggest spending congressman. -- Bleys W. Rose Nebraska 2ND DISTRICT

Republican Harold (Hal) Daub Jr., 39, defeated Democrat Richard Fellman to win the seat held by Democrat John J. Cavanaugh since 1976. Cavanaugh retired, saying he wanted to spend more time with his family. Daub, an attorney and vice president of Standard Chemical Co. of Omaha, has not held elective office. Both Daub and Fellman are conservatives, and The Omaha World Herald once noted that "the difference between Daub and Fellman are not vast." Ronald Reagan's coattails are thought to have helped his fellow Republican. The principal differences in issues between the two are that Daub opposes the ERA and favors a substantial tax cut. Both Daub and Fellman favored laws prohibiting abortion except to save the life of the mother. -- Jim Ivey New Hampshire 2ND DISTRICT

Judd Gregg, 33, son of former governor Hugh Gregg, is New Hampshire's only new member of the U.S. House of Representatives. He is a moderate Republican who replaces retiring Rep. James C. Cleveland. Gregg won a nine-way primary, and easily won the general election in his primaryily GOP district. He considers himself a moderate in New Hampshire politics and conservative in national defense and economic matters. He served one term in New Hampshire's Executive Council, as one of the five elected members who act as a board of directors with the governor to pass on most administrative affairs in state government. Gregg promised to vote and act just as Cleveland did and to support most of the conventional Republican congressional initiatives. Gregg, a lawyer, was educated at Philips Exeter Academy and at Columbia University in New York City. He went to law school in Boston. -- Rod Paul New Jersey 4TH DISTRICT

Abscam appears to be the principal reason Republican Christopher Smith, 27, will be representing New Jersey in Congress. Democrat Frank Thompson, Jr., who held the seat for 13 terms, is now being tried on the charges that were at issue in the race. Smith is from the New York City suburb of Old Bridge, where he has been on leave from his family's sporting goods buiness. Old Bridge is in the eastern part of the predominantly Democratic district, which spans the center of the state and includes Trenton.Smith has never held elective office. Until 1978, when he made his first run against Thompson as the GOP's sacrifical lamb, he was executive director of New Jersey Right to Life, the state's largest antiabortion lobby. Smith pressed hard on the Abscam issue in the past month of the campaign, with radio ads publicizing Thompson maneuvers to postpone his Abscam trial until after election day. -- Robert Joffee 7TH DISTRICT

Republican Margaret Roukema, 51, a former high school history teacher whose only previous elected office was her local school board, defeated three-term liberal Democrat Andrew Maguire. Like Mcguire, Roukema makes her home in Ridgewood, a commuter town 15 miles northwest of New York City in affluent Bergen County. Roukema has served on several boards of directors of local mental health facilities. The district is predominantly Republican and voted heavily for Reagan. In her campaign, Roukema argued that she could better represent its conservative views than Maguire, an advocate of numerous consumer and health-related causes. Roukema came within 8,000 votes of beating Mcguire, elected in the wake of Watergate, in 1978, and she never stopped campaigning after that narrow defeat. 15TH DISTRICT

Democrat Bernard J. Dwyer, 59, of Edison, a blue-collar town about 20 miles southwest of Newark, replaces Edward Patten of Perth Amboy, who is retiring after representing New Jersey's heavily Democratic 15th District for 18 years. Dwyer is a partner in Fraser Bros., an insurance brokerage. He is majority leader of the state senate, to which he was reelected for a second four-year term in 1977. He was mayor of Edison from 1958 to 1970, for the last six of those years as council president, and was a member of the township's Board of School Estimates from 1958 to 1973. During the campaign, Dwyer's opponent, running for office for the first time, stressed economic issues. Dwyer was able to show a long record in public office and strong backing from leaders of the local Democratic organization. -- Robert Joffee New Mexico 2ND DISTRICT

Joe Skeen, a sheep rancher from Picacho, N.M., has shed a loser image and won election to Congress from southwest New Mexico. Skeen, 53, was a state legislator for 10 years. He sought the governorship twice, and was defeated in 1974 and again in 1978. This time, however, Skeen won big. He became the first person to be elected to the U.S. House on a write-in campaign in 22 years, and the third in history. Skeen replaces Rep. Harold Runnels, a Democrat, who died in office in August. Skeen defeated David King, the nephew of Democratic New Mexico Gov. Bruce King, the only candidate who was listed on the ballot. Dorothy Runnels, the congressman's widow, who also conducted a write-in campaign. -- Richard Williams New York 3RD DISTRICT

Conservative Republican Gregory W. Carman, 42, a town councilman from Farmingdale, defeated incumbent Jerome A. Ambro on Long Island. The election was a vindication of sorts for Carman, who in 1978 lost to Ambro by only 4,068 votes. Both conservative politicians (Carman had the support of the Conservative Party, Ambro was endorsed by antiabortion organizations), Carman was helped in his campaign by a strong Republican effort. He painted his opponent as part of a Democratic majority that had supported federal budget deficits. Like his opponent, Carman also opposed abortion, gun control and busing. -- Joyce Wadler 5TH DISTRICT

Conservative Republican Raymond J. McGrath, 38, a former state assemblyman, easily beat his liberal Democrat opponent, Karen Burstein, in Long Island's 5th District , where Republicans outnumber Democrats three to two. A two-term assemblyman, McGrath had been hand-picked for the race by Nassau County Republican Chairman Joseph Margiotta to replace Republican incumbent John W. Wydler, who was retiring after 18 years. McGrath campaigned on a platform similar to that of Republican Senator-elect Alfonse D'Amato, who had been picked by the same local Republicans. He was against abortion and for tax cuts, and favored a reduction in government regulation. He termed Burstein, who had campaigned on a platform of equal opportunity for women and minorities and federal aid to cities, an ultra-liberal. -- Joyce Wadler 6TH DISTRICT

Republican John LeBoutillier, 27, once called by Newsweek the "[new enfant terrible] of America's conservatives," ran a tough campaign to defeat incumbent Lester L. Wolff in this Long Island district. LeBoutillier, who was backed by the Republican, Conservative and Right To Life Parties, ran ad campaigns focusing on junkets taken by his opponent in his eight terms in Congress. The race was close, with LeBoutillier edging out his 61-year-old opponent with only 6 percent of the votes. New Jersey coordinator for President Ford in 1976, LeBoutillier came to national prominence with the publication of his book, [Harvard Hates America,] in 1978. In it, he claimed that Harvard, his alma mater, was creating "a master race of intellecturals" who "preach an ideology of nihilism and spiritual appeasement." -- Joyce Wadler 16TH DISTRICT

A liberal Democrat running in a strongly Democratic district in Brooklyn, New York City Assemblyman Charles E Schumer, 28, won a landside victory over his opponent, Theodore Silverman. Silverman served on the New York City Council as a Democrat, and after losing to Schumer in the Democratic primary he won the endorsement of the Republican and Conservative Parties for the congressional seat. Schumer captured the seat left vacant when Elizabeth Holtzman resigned to run unsuccessfully for the Senate.He had the backing of both Holtzman and New York City Mayor Ed Koch, who called him "a superinvestigator." A member of the City Council for five years who reported started campaigning for political office the day after being graduated from Harvard Law School, Schumer served as chairman of the New York City Council's Committee on Legislative Oversight and Investigation. -- Joyce Wadler 17TH DISTRICT

A state Assemblyman for six years, Guy V. Molinari, 5l, a Republican and Conservative, was aided by the Abscam scandals in his defeat of incumbent Democrat Joyn M. Murphy on Staten Island.Murphy was philosophically conservative, as are the majority of Staten Island voters. (A third candidate, Liberal Mary T. Codd, did not prove a serious contender.) Both Murphy and Molinari supported the death penalty and a strong national defense, and were antiabortion and antihomosexual rights. But it was Abscam that gave Molinari's campaign the edge. Let us all be reminded that Congressman John M. Murphy has been indicted on five counts of bribery and conspiracy," he told voters during his campaign. He defeated Murphy by an 48-35 percent margin. -- Joyce Wadler 30TH DISTRICT

Conservative Republican David O'B. Martin, 36 a state assemblyman, easily defeated former lieutenant governor Mary Anne Krupsak in the upstate New York district that has been sending Republicans to Congress since 1856. A lawyer and Vietnam veteran, Martin -- who had 63 percent of the vote to Krupsak's 33 -- had proposed adapting Reagan's proposal for enterprise zones to combat high unemployment. He also had the backing in the primary of six of the seven county Republican organizers. Krupsak had served as lieutenant governor in 1974, and in 1978 lost the gubernatorial nomination to Gov. Hugh L. Carey, This was the pro-abortion, pro-ERA Krupsak's attempt at a political comeback. -- Joyce Wadler 32ND DISTRICT

George Wortley, 53, a Republican newspaper publisher who had run unsuccessfully against the popular Democratic incumbent, James M. Hanley, four years ago, won a landslide victory against Democrat Jeffery Brooks, a political newcomer, this year. Running in what had traditionally been a Republican area until Hanley captured it in 1964, Wortley recaptured the seat for the GOP with the backing of area businnessmen and the Conservative Party. He received 61 percent of the vote, compared with 31 percent for Brooks, an IBM executive. -- Joyce Wadler North Carolina 6TH DISTRICT

Republican W. Eugene Johnston, 44, a self-made millionaire businessman from Greensboro, upset six-term incumbent Democratie Rep. L. Richardson Preyer. Johnston, a lawyer and a certified public accountant, was president of a graphics art company and operated a real estate firm. He ran unsuccessfully twice for the state legislature. His other previous political experience include terms on the state and 6th District Republican Party committees. He campaigned full time for nearly a year for the congressional seat. While criticizing federal spending as inflationary and calling for a tax cut, he depicted Preyer as a big spender who was too liberal for the district.Johnston, for example, made food stamps a campaign issue, and assailed Preyer for supporting amendments that would have given benefits to families of persons on strike. -- Ferrel Guillory 11TH DISTRICT

Traveling with three mule-drawn covered wagons, congressional candidate William M. Hendon visited each of the district's 17 counties, sleeping in a tent, cooking meals out of doors and reaping a bountiful harvest of publicity. To run for Congress, his first campaign for public office, Hendon resigned from his job a general manager of a plant that manufactures blades for cutting sugar cane. The plant is owned by Putsch, a German company. Hendon also has been chairman of the 11th District Republican Party. Hendon, 36 of Asheville, ousted two-term incumbent Democratie Rep. Lamar Gudger. During the campaign, Hendon charged that government had become a burden on individual taxpayers, supported a tax cut and sought to capture the honesty-in-government issue by criticizing Gudger for voting to table the motion to expel former Michigan congressman Charles C. Diggs Jr. from the House. -- Ferrel Guillory North Dakota AT LARGE

Democrat Byron Dorgan, 38 was elected to North Dakota's only seat in Congress, replacing Mark Andrews, a Republican who was elected to the U.S. Senate. In state politics, Dorgan gained a reputation as a liberal by supporting Sen. Edward M. Kennedy for president and through his involvement in the Conference on Alternative State and Local Public Policies. Election opponents attacked him as too liberal for the state, but he deflected their criticism by taking more conservative positions on major issues -- endorsing higher spending for defense and withdrawing his support for national health insurance, saying the country can't support it. He said he also would support an antiabortion amendment to the Constitution. Dorgan is the son of a co-operative service station manager, and was reared in Regent, a farming and ranching town in the extreme south-western part of the state. -- Mike Jacobs Ohio 6TH DISTRICT

This was a fail-safe Republican district represented for 20 years by retiring Rep. William Harsha. Republican Bob McEwen, 30, a Hillsboro developer, defeated Ted Strickland, a Portsmouth minister, by running on the standard GOP themes of less government, less spending and more jobs. --Abe Zaidan 9TH DISTRICT

Although he had been favored to retain his seat, Democratic Rep. Thomas Ashley, 57, was trounced by his conservative Republican opponent, Ed Weber, 49, a lawyer who had never held public office. Weber, a Harvard Law School graduate, used a shopping list of conservative charges about Democractics' mishandling of domestic and foreign policies. and was aided by the national Republican Party, which had targeted Ashley's Toledo district. tObservers believe that after Ashley's 13 terms, Weber was helped considerably by a time-for-a-change public mood. Weber ran an aggressive campaign, outspending his opponent. But it is also true that Ashley didn't work as hard as his opponent -- a liability that even the congressman conceded after his defeat. -- Abe Zaidan 12TH DISTRICT

Clearly the surprise of the year in Ohio, Democrat lawyer Robert Shamansky, 53, with a longstanding liberal reputation, upset Republican Rep. Samual Devine, 64, a veteran arch-conservative and chairman of Ronald Reagan's Ohio campaign. The district, which includes Columbus, had been considered "safe Republican." Shamansky ran against Devine in 1966 and lost nearly 2 to 1. Shamansky, an articulate Harvard Law School graduate, used the unemployment issue to his advantage in his TV ads, accusing Devine of doing nothing to halt the loss of federal jobs in Columbus. He also cited Devine's voting record against programs for the aged with some success among the older voters. But some observers also believe Devine had become smug about his job, lost touch with his constituents and hadn't taken the race seriously until it was too late to do anything about it. -- Abe Zaidan 22ND DISTRICT

The new congressman will be Dennis Eckart, 30, a Democratic lawyer who has served times in the Ohio House of Representatives. His home is in the Cleveland suburb of Euclid. He succeeds retiring Rep. Charles A. Vanick, a Democrat and 25-year veteran who supported Eckart. Eckart is aggressive and staged a hefty campaign with a strong organization. He is liberal leaning, but played to the middle in his media ads, which said he had a fine record in the legislature and was now "ready" to move on to Congress. He promised to push for a "northern strategy" in Congress to bring federal aid to regions such as his. His major opponent, former probate judge Joseph Nahra, ran against Democratic policies and tried to link Eckart to his party and the nation's economic ills. Each side spent more than $200,000 on the campaign in a district that favors Democrats. Eckart is considered to be one of the party's bright young prospects in Ohio. -- Abe Zaidan OKLAHOMA 4TH DISTRICT

David K. McCurdy, 30, is a fiscally conservative Democrat who favors strong monetary policies, increased productivity, reduced government spending and regulation, development of alternate energy sources and a strengthened defense. He hopes for assignment to the House Armed Services Committee when he succeeds Tom Steed, 76, who is retiring after 32 years as a congressman from Oklahoma. McCurdy has policital science and law degrees from the University of Oklahoma, and studied international economics at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland as a Rotary Graduate Fellow. He was a lawyer in Norman, Okla., until he began campaigning full time in July. He is a former assistant state attorney general and legislative assistant at the University of Oklahoma. A successful fundraiser, he received several donations from medical political action committees. -- Jack Taylor Oregon 2ND DISTRICT

Republican Dennis (Denny) Smith, 42, owner of a chain of 16 weekly newspapers in Oregon and Washington, defeated Democractic Rep. Al Ullman, chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, in a close general election race. Smith's campaign focused largely on the contention that Ullman had lost touch with his district while gaining power in Congress. tHe favors increased defense expenditures, reduction in government and changes in the Social Security system to give each worker an individual vested account. Smith is the son of former Oregon governor Elmo Smith and a second cousin of Idaho Rep. Steve Symms, who defeated Sen. Frank Church in that state's Senate race. He spent a year as an Air Force pilot in Vietnam, and was a pilot for Pan American World Airways. He is a newcomer to politics, and drew heavy campaign support from Republican and conservative organizations in the most expensive congressional race in Oregon history. -- Phil Cogswell 3RD DISTRICT

Ron Wyden, 31, an activist on behalf of the elderly, defeated Rep. Bob Duncan in the May Democratic primary. A native of Kansas, Wyden won the general election easily against a politically unknown Republican in the heavily Democratic district, which includes much of Portland. Wyden mobilized many members of the Gray Panthers, a lobbying organization of elderly people, as volunteers for his grass-roots primary campaign. A central campaign theme was his criticism of Duncan, a member of the House Appropriations Committee, for voting for increase government spending and for not representing the interests of the largely urban district. Although it was his first try for elective office, Wyden had been a vocal and well-publicized lobbyist for increases in state programs for the elderly before the Oregon Legislature. A graduate of the University of Oregon law school, he is a member of the Iowa bar, but has failed the Oregon bar exam. -- Phil Cogswell Pennsylvania 1ST DISTRICT

Thomas M. Foglietta, 51, was elected as an independent from south Philadelphia to the seat once held by Rep. Michael (Ozzie) Myers, who was convicted of taking bribes in an Abscam case and expelled from the House in October. Foglietta is a lawyer who served as a Republican city councilman from 1955 to 1975. He changed his party registration to independent a month before the election -- that being the only way he could get on the ballot last summer -- and plans to join the Democratic Caucus in the House. The chief issue in the campaign was Myers' Abscam conviction, and while Foglietta didn't raise the issue, Myers did, saying the FBI had railroaded him. Flglietta had the support of Philadelphia Mayor William Green and the Democratic machine in the 4-to-1 Democratic district. -- Paul Taylor 8TH DISTRICT

Republican James K. Coyne, 34, defeated incumbent Democratic Rep. Peter Kostmayer in suburban Philadelphia by attacking liberalism and tying Kostmayer to President Carter. Coyne is a chemical company executive and part-time lecturer at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. pHis only previous political experience was his election in 1979 as supervisor of Upper Wakefield, a township in Bucks County. Coyne favored deregulation of gasoline and fuel oil prices, the Kemp-Roth tax cut bill and a constitutional amendment requiring a balanced budget. Former president Gerald R. Ford, Ronald Reagan and Gov. Richard A. Thornburgh campaigned for him. Coyne has degrees from Yale and the Harvard Business School. He started his own career in the family's chemical business, then founded two of his own firms in the alternative energy field. -- Paul Taylor 11TH DISTRICT

Republican James L. Nelligan, 51, a retired employe of the General Accounting Office, defeated Democrat Raphael (Ray) Musto in northeast Pennsylvania to win the seat that had been held from 1944 to 1979 by Rep. Daniel Flood. The November election was a rerun of a special election in April, when Musto, a state senator for eight years, defeated Nelligan and five other candidates after Flood resigned and pleaded guilty in connection with an influence-peddling scheme. Nelligan lost that special election, and was given little chance this fall in the Democratic stronghold around Wilkes-Barre. But he hammered away at bread-and-butter themes in a blue-collar area where unemployment was running as high as 12 percent, and called for less spending, lower taxes and lower inflation. Nelligan had been a Republican committeeman for years, but this was his first run for elective office. -- Paul Taylor 14TH DISTRICT

Democrat William Coyne, 44, captured the Pittsburgh seat vacated by retiring 11-term Congressman William S. Moorhead. Coyne has been a city councilman in Pittsburgh for seven years, and before that served a term in the state legislature. He is an accountant and is not related to James K. Coyne, who won election to the House Nov. 4 from the opposite end of the state. Moorhead's son, William, was defeated by Coyne in the Democratic primary, and in the general election Coyne easily defeated his Republican opponent, Stan Thomas, in his heavily Democratic district. Thomas unsuccessfully ran against the "Democratic Party machine" because Coyne is chairman of the Democratic Party of Pittsburgh, and also attacked big government. Coyne said he does not favor a balanced budget at the expense of social programs. Both men favored a constitutional amendment banning abortions. -- Paul Taylor Rhode Island 2ND DISTRICT

Republican Claudine Schneider, 33, became the first woman to win a major political office in Rhode Island when she toppled three-term Democratic Rep. Edward P. Beard, 40. She also became the first Republican to win a Rhode Island congressional seat since 1938. Schneider narrowly lost her race for the same seat in 1978. An environmentalist (she was director of the Conservation Law Foundation of Rhode Island) who first gained prominence through opposition to nuclear power plants, Schneider has backed such typically urban, liberal causes as more aid for mass transit. At the same time she portrays herself as a fiscal conservative, and accused Beard of being a big spender. Schneider's main issue was what she called Beard's ineffectiveness.She asserted that of 57 bills that had been referred to the House Labor subcommittee Beard heads, none has come up for a House vote. -- Robert B. Whitcomb South Carolina 1ST DISTRICT

Republican State Sen. Thomas F. (Tommy) Hartnet rode Ronald Reagan's coattails to a narrow victory over Charles D. (Pug) Ravenel, the former Harvard quarterback and Wall Street investment banker whose once-bright political future appeared ended. In a hard-fought campaign, Hartnett attacked Ravenel as an outsider who returned home only to further personal political ambitions and who attempted "to force the retirement of our beloved [Sen.] Strom Thurmond." A realtor and self-made businessman who dropped out of college after his freshman year, Hartnett, 39, established himself as a congenial conservative who served eight years in the state House of Representatives as a Democrat, then switched to the Republican Party in reaction to George McGovern's presidential nomination in 1972 and won election to the Senate. -- Jack Bass 6TH DISTRICT

Republican John Napier, 33, a clean-cut lawyer who worked five years on the staff of Sen. Strom Thurmond (R-S.C.), defeated John W. Jenrette, convicted in an Abscam case and expelled from Congress. Napier spent more than $250,000 in a campaign aimed at identifying him as an acceptable alternative to Jenrette. Napier avoided talking about Abscam, running on a strategy designed not to give Jenrette an opportunity to cry foul, a tactic Jenrette used successfully after his indictment in June, just before the Democratic primary runoff. Napier's campaign literature noted that he had served as chief Republican counsel to the committee that wrote the code of ethics for the U.S. Senate. A graduate of Davidson College and the Universty of South Carolina law school, Napier has been described as a Thurmond clone -- both are conservative, forthright, with a strong sense of duty. -- Jack Bass South Dakota 2ND DISTRICT

Clint Roberts, 45, a Republican, comes to Washington as a former state legislator, state agriculture secretary and bit-part actor. A native of Presho, S.D. (pop. 922), in the south-central part of the state, where he is a rancher, Roberts defeated Democrat Ken Stofferhan, a public utilities commissioner.He won South Dakota's 2nd District (the western two-thirds of the state) as an uncomplicated conservative. He talked of "getting the government off people's back" and restoring a healthier farm income. He quotes Ronald Reagan extensively. In 1978 he was defeated in the gubernatorial primary election by the current Republican governor. After the 1980 census redistricting, Roberts probably will have to run statewide, as South Dakota is expected to lose one of its two congressional seats. -- Tony Brown Texas 4TH DISTRICT

Democrat Ralph M. Hall, 57, of Rockwall, is the third person to represent the 4th District. It was first represented by former House speaker Sam Rayburn. Hall was county judge of Rockwell County, northeast of Dallas, for 12 years before succeeding Ray Roberts in the state senate, when Roberts ascended to Congress upon Rayburn's death. Now Hall succeeds the retiring Roberts in Congress. In the state senate, Hall voted to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment, but is conservative on most fiscal issues. Hall quit the Senate in 1972 after 10 years to seek the Democratic nomination for lieutenant governor. He finished fourth, and went back to his law practice and several business, banking and ranching pursuits. Hall narrowly nosed out Republican and former CIA operative John Wright of Tyler to capture this increasingly Republican northeast Texas district. -- Dave McNeely 8TH DISTRICT

Republican Jack Fields, at 28, will be Texas' youngest congressman after having defeated incumbent liberal Democrat Bob Eckhardt to take over the district, which includes much of the nation's oil-refining capacity in and near Houston. Fields was unopposed in the GOP primary. A lawyer and vice president of his family's cemetery business in Humble, Fields got substantial financial help in his race from the oil industry, which Eckhardt had so staunchly opposed. Among those who had earmarked Eckhardt for defeat was Fields' father-in-law, Ron Haddock, an executive of Exxon. Fields went to Humble High School, and his only previous elective experience was two years as president of the Baylor University student body. On issues Fields was something of a clone of Ronald Reagan. -- Dave McNeely 14TH DISTRICT

William N. Patman, 53, a lawyer, rancher, businessman and populist conservative from Ganado, takes over representation of the 14th District, which includes Corpus Christi on the Gulf Coast. His move to the Congress comes after a 20-year career in the Texas Senate, where he had continued the fight of his father, the late Rep. Wright Patman, against high interst rates. He was one of the 12 Texas senators nicknamed Killer Bees for disappearing for five days at the end of the 1979 legislative session to kill legislation that would have changed the Texas primary election system. Patman won a hard-fought primary battle over the popular county judge of Nueces County, then beat Republican C. L. Concklin handily to replace Joe Wyatt, who retired after one term because of personal problems. -- Dave McNeely Utah 1ST DISTRICT

Republican James V. Hansen, 48, of Farmington, defeated five-term incumbent Democrat K. Gunn McKay. Hansen owns a small insurance company along with an interest in a land development firm. He is finishing a two-year term as speaker of the Utah House of Representatives, and also served as a Farmington city councilman for 10 years. He ran on issues associated with fiscal conservatism, hitting hard on his opponent's support for deficit spending. -- Charles Seldin Virginia 3RD DISTRICT

Thomas J. Bliley Jr., 48, will be the first Republican since Reconstruction to go to Congress from the 3rd District, which includes Richmond and its suburbs. But the result wasn't a tribute to the Reagan landslide as much as to the Main Street business establishment. Just two days after 16-year veteran Rep. David E. Satterfield III announced his retirement, Bliley, a former Richmond mayor, sat down secretly with some of the city's wealthiest and most conservative businessmen and won their endorsement. From that mement on, Bliley was the front-runner. The Democrats ran retired evening school dean John A. Mapp, 67, an amiable moderate who was outspent, out-talked and outcampaigned. Bliley, an undertaker who has worked for years in the family funeral home business, is expected to carry on the pro-defense-spending, anti-social-welfare conservatism that was the trademark of Satterfield. -- Glenn Frankel 8TH DISTRICT

Stanford E. Parris, 51, a Fairfax County attorney and former car dealer, defeated three-term incumbent Herbert E. Harris in one of the closest and most bitterly fought congressional races in the state. Parris, a Republican who had served one term in Congress before being defeated by Harris, a Democrat, in 1974, won the election by 2,000 votes out of the more than 180,000 cast. Parris conceded that the popularity of President-elect Ronald Reagan in the Northern Virginia district had helped him. That was appropriate, said Parris, who blamed his defeat six years ago on the fallout that followed Watergate. The Parris campaign spent $400,000, more than half of it on a sophisticated media campaign that portrayed Harris as a free-spending liberal. -- Denis Collins 10TH DISTRICT

Frank Wolf, 41, a lawyer and baby food lobbyist from Vienna, Va., spent five years trying to wrest the district seat from one of Virginia's last remaining liberal congressmen, three-term incumbent Democrat Joseph L. Fisher. When he finally did, Wolf's wife described him as being "in a state of shock." Wolf, who drew contributions from such groups as the Moral Majority, waged one of the most expensive campaings in Virginia history. Half his $350,000 war chest came from political action committees. Molded by one of the state's craftiest Republican political stratagists, Wolf's campaign managed to link his veteran opponent with President Carter while minimizing attention to his own stands against abortion, busing, the Equal Rights Amendment, homosexuality and sex education.Wolf was a diligent undersecretary of the Interior Department during the Nixon administration. He favors big increases in military spending. -- Ed Bruske Washington 4TH DISTRICT

Republican Sid Morrison, 45, defeated Rep. Mike McCormack, a five-term Democrat from Ridgeland. Morrison is a wealthy orchardist who has been a state senator for 16 years. He was known and respected by both Democrats and Republicans in the state senate as a tax specialist. Morrison campaigned on traditional Republican issues: a balanced federal budget, elimination of questionable government programs and higher defense spending. He also argued that he would take a more conciliatory approach to nuclear power. -- Laura Parker West Virginia 2ND DISTRICT

Republican Cleve Benedict, 45, a dairy farmer millionaire, was swept to victory in this heavily Democratic district, apparently on the strength of his conservative views. He defeated Pat Hamilton, a wealthy lawyer and two-term state senator, who enjoyed the seeming advantage of Democratic Party ties to the popular retiring incumbent, Rep. Harley O. Staggers. Benedict seized on highly emotional issues to delineate his conservative positions against gun control, federal funding for abortions and drafting women, and in favor of prayer in the schools. A federally mandated balanced budget and increased defense budget are high on his agenda. He has spoken of environmental regulations as "conscious political decisions to put people out of work." A former state finance commissioner, Benedict ran unsuccessfully against Staggers in 1978. Benedict, a Lewisburg resident and an heir to the Procter and Gamble fortune, was educated at Princeton University. -- Kathleen Megan 3RD DISTRICT

Replublican Mick Staton, casting himself as the leader of folks who "eat out of their lunchboxes," will assume his first public office after defeating Democratic Rep. John Hutchinson. Hutchinson had defeatedd Staton in a June special election to fill the vacancy created by the death of Rep. John Slack -- who had defeated Staton in 1978.It is the first time in 50 years that a Republican will hold the 3rd District seat. Staton is a former insurance and cash register salesman and, most recently, computer marketing officer at a Charleston bank. Staton opposes federally funded abortions and supports prayer in schools and a federally mandated balanced budget. He has pledged to work for an across-the-board tax cut of 5 percent, and is a proponent of the Kemp-Roth tax-cut proposal. Staton supports a plan to decrease burdens on new businesses in areas with high unemployment. -- Kathleen Megan Wisconsin 3RD DISTRICT

Steve Gunderson capitalized on conservative themes and Republican coattails to unseat Democratic Rep. Alvin Baldus in western Wisconsin. Gunderson, 29, accused Baldus of having contributed to inflation and other economic woes by his votes in favor of larger budgets and a higher national debt.The challenger said Baldus was soft on national defense, and brought in former defense secretary Melvin R. Laird to campaign on his behalf. He won with 51 percent of the vote. Gunderson is a native of western Wisconsin whose main occupation has been politics. -- Charles Frederick