Not all the handful of Americans remaining in the Zimbabwean Army are mercenaries looking for a war. One, Maj. Allen Joseph, has signed on since independence to help train the former guerrillas in the new Army to be future officers.
Joseph, a pseudonym since he is concerned that his service in a foreign army could cause him problems in the United States, is a combination military instructor and high school teacher for the new soldiers.
The subjects in the eight-week courses he teaches range from English and math to military traditions and leadership. He is also a curriculum specialist for schools in Salisbury the military runs for its dependents.
"I didn't come here to fight a war or save the world from Communism. I just came to see Africa," said the 38-year-old instructor who has a Ph.D. in education from the University of Hawaii.
He said he and his Japanese wife are "totally happy here. We have a better life style here than in the United States on less salary."
Joseph spent eight years in the Army, starting as a private and becoming a lieutenant through officers' candidate school before starting his university career. He served in both Vietnam and West Germany.
Arriving in Zimbabwe as a civilian without a job two years ago, he became a guest lecturer at the national university during the time of the white-controlled government of Bishop Abel Muzorewa.
Although a conservative, Joseph said he is a firm supporter of Prime Minister Robert Mugabe, unlike many of the other whites still in the military. "People say there is no freedom, but I disagree. Nothing is going on that is infringing on the people's rights," he said.