The U.S. Congress came under stinging criticism here today because of a House resolution that Moscow called "provocative" and designed to incite "antisocialist forces" in Poland, which it said were becoming active again.

A commentary by Tass, the official news agency, assailed U.S. policies toward Poland as constituting "an undeclared aggression against a socialist state."

"That this provocative demarche by the U.S. Congress was timed to take place when the counterrevolution in Poland has become active again after a lull clearly indicates that the anti-Polish campaign is being coordinated and directed from a single center," Tass said.

The reference to renewed countrerevolutionary activities -- something that has been carefully avoided by Soviet commentators since the Polish Communist Party congress -- suggested growing concern here about a wave of protest marches and plans for new warning strikes against food shortages in Poland.

The House of Representatives, by a 410-to-1 vote yesterday, said the United States could not remain indifferent to "internal repression and external aggression" as a means to settle the Polish crisis. It was widely interpreted as a warning to both Moscow and Warsaw against the use of force.

With evident anger, the commentator asserted that the "current difficulties in Poland are, to a considerable extent, the result of subversive economic and political actions" by the West in general and U.S. intelligence agencies in particular.

The aim of these actions, Tess said, is to undermine Poland's socialist economy, stir nationalism and religious and petit bourgeois sentiments and create conditions "for the operation of Western-controlled, counterrevolutionary agents."

It said the United States and its allies "continue to finance antisocialist groups in Poland and illegally supply them with printing and other facilities."

Tass then took to task the House resolution.

By passing it, the agency said, "Washington usurps the right to dictate to a sovereign state what measures it may or may not take for restoring order in the country and safeguarding the overwhelming majority of the population from counterrevolutionary attacks encouraged by the West."

Tass added that "the meaning of this signal to the Polis counterrevolutionaries is, "The West will help you.'"

The Communist Party newspaper Pravada today blamed the old leadership of Edward Gierek for failure to carry out ideological work among the working class in Poland. It said the Gierek leadership got Poland "up to its eyes in debts" with the West and predicted that Western banks would not extend further credits to Poland to help on its road to economic recovery.

The threatening tone of the Tass commentary was followed by Moscow television tonight. Its main evening news broadcast accused the U.S. Congress of carrying out "a direct incitement of antisocialist elements" against the Polish government and said this represented "direct interference" in the internal affairs of Poland.