The Commerce Department has prepared a list of 20 regulations that business people find most burdensome and costly.
The list, quickly dubbed "the Terrible 20" by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, was culled from nominees that business sent to the Task Force on Regulatory Relief at the request of Vice President Bush.
Five agencies were responsible for most of the 20 -- the Environmental Protection Agency, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Labor, Energy, and Health and Human Services departments. Many of the regulations have already been targeted by the administration's regulatory reformers and a new list of regulations to be reviewed is expected to be released shortly.
Here is the list of regulations, with business' estimated costs of industry-wide compliance, where available.
Hazardous waste management rules that set up a nationwide system for classifying and handling hazardous products. Costs estimated by business at $3 billion initially and $2 billion annually after that.
Criteria standards for the national pollutant discharge elimination system, which governs permits for about 70,000 facilities.Annual costs estimated at $4 billion.
Licensing requirements for nuclear power plants. Costs range from several hundred million dollars per reactor to more than $1 billion.
Clean Air Act's pre-treatment standards that tell what treatment industrial wastes must undergo before being discharged to publicly owned treatment plants. Business puts capital costs at $4 billion and maintenance and operation at $1 billion.
Notification and testing requirements for new chemical substances under the Toxic Substances Control Act.
The cancer policy of the Occupational Safety and Health Act, which sets up a procedure for classifying and regulating possible carcinogens. Capital costs range from $9 billion to $85 billion; annual costs from $6 billion to $36 billion.
Incremental pricing of natural gas to most interstate industrial gas users, which forces large industrial users of gas to pay more than residential users.
Regulations under the Davis-Bacon Act that require federally funded projects to pay prevailing wage rates in local areas. "Excessive" costs put at $770 million to $15 billion.
Residential energy conservation program that requires utilities to explain conservation techniques to their customers and offer "energy audits" of customers' homes. Five-year costs projected at nearly $15 billion.
Coal conversion guidelines that require large industries to switch from oil and natural gas to coal or an alternative fuel. Cost estimates: over $1 billion annually.
Energy consumption standards ordered by Congress for new residential, commercial and industrial buildings. Costs of $56 billion estimated over the next three decades.
Various standards and regulations applied to mining companies under the Mind Safety and Health Act.
Regulations requiring employers in industry to take measures to conserve the hearing of workers exposed to certain noise levels. Annual cost: $250 million.
Rules governing the Medicaid and Medicare programs.
Standards for woker exposure to hazardous substances, such as arsenic acid.
Proposed regulations requiring drug makers and pharmacists to provides package inserts with consumer information for prescription drugs. Annual costs: $21 million to $80 million.
Proposed rules that would set up a historical record of Chemicals that pose possible health or environmental risks. Record-keeping costs put at $500,000 to $20 million.
Rules for requiring employers to develop affirmative action programs.
Food labeling policies of the Agriculture Department and the Food and Drug Administration.
Pension plan rules under the Employe Retirement Income Security Act.