Poland's premier said today that Army units had been ordered to reinforce the police in putting an end to "anti-socialist and anti-Soviet excesses."
Shortly after Premier Wojciech Jaruzelski's speech to the legislature, Warsaw residents noticed an increased military presence with jeeps full of armed soldiers driving through the city and foot patrols in some streets.
The statement by Jaruzelski, who is also defense minister, appeared designed to put further psychological pressure on the independent Solidarity trade union as it prepares for the second stage of its controversial national congress. The premier said Poland's fate depended on whether or not Solidarity would respect its side of labor agreements signed last year between the government and striking workers.
But the military activity did not appear to herald any dramatic action and Solidarity officials seemed confident that the congress would open on Saturday in the Baltic port of Gdansk. The government's main aim appears to be to dampen the radicalism of some 900 delegates, who have already passed resolutions calling for free elections and expressing support for independent trade unionists elsewhere in Eastern Europe.
Jaruzelski combined his tough rhetoric against Solidarity with a plea for national conciliation and the announcement of his intention to convene a panel of experts--drawn from political parties, trade unions, and the church--to advise the government. The powers and composition of this body were left vague, but clearly it could include Solidarity representatives, and thus represent a move toward bringing the union and the Roman Catholic Church into a broad political coalition.
"Anybody who is not against socialism can create new forms of constructive cooperation with us," Jaruzelski declared.
The offer coincided with the enthronement of the new primate of Poland, Jozef Glemp, as archbishop of Warsaw. The church leader told a crowd of some 60,0000 people that Poland needed "love and sacrifice...but let it be a bloodless sacrifice. At all costs it needs peace."
Following a week-long war of nerves between the communist authorities and Solidarity, it now seems possible that a compromise could be struck over one of the most difficult issues dividing them: workers' self-management in industry. The two sides are at odds over whether the director of an enterprise should be appointed by the ministry or the workers. The union's 10-man presidium has suggested that each side should have the right of veto.
The self-management bill is under consideration by the legislature, the Sejm. If the final draft proves unacceptable, Solidarity has threatened to conduct a nationwide referendum on its original plan for the director to be elected exclusively by the workers.
News of the compromise formula was received with dismay by some militant local Solidarity branches and could run into opposition on the floor of the congress.
Jaruzelski, in his speech to the legislature, said the country's future depended on whether Solidarity would support Poland's alliance with the Soviet Union, repudiate its "intentions of taking over power," respect the legal authorities, reject extremism and anti-socialism, and show understanding of Poland's defense needs.
Then, in a passage which was loudly applauded by deputies, he said: "I have ordered selected forces and measures by the Polish Army to reinforce the police in putting an end to anarchy, hooliganism, anti-socialist and anti-Soviet excesses, as well as insulting of our legal norms."
It was not immediately clear just what extra duties soldiers would be asked to perform. In some cities, joint Army-police patrols have already been organized to crack down on speculation and keep order in the streets.
The present government propaganda campaign has included statements on television by Army officers in uniform pledging to defend socialism "as we would defend Poland." In a radio interview, Solidarity leader Lech Walesa said what he described as "some small infringements" had been committed during the first stage of the Solidarity congress. He predicted that the second round would be "much better."
Walesa added: "The community is not panicking. Somebody else is panicking. We are able to solve our problems without unnecessary shouting and excitement."
Revealing further details of Poland's grave economic crisis, Jaruzelski said industrial output had fallen 13 percent in the first eight months of this year compared to the same period last year. Procurement of livestock from private farmers was down 20 percent, exports to other Soviet bloc countries down 11 percent, and milk purchases down 13 percent, he added.$130Picture 1, WOJCIECH JARUZELSKI...adds to pressure on Solidarity; Picture 2,ARCHBISHOP GLEMP...installed before crowd of 60,000, AP