The Soviet government newspaper Izvestia tonight attacked a draft program of Poland's independent trade union Solidarity as "the manifesto of a political party," and implicitly criticized Polish communist authorities for taking a conciliatory position toward the union.

In a steadily escalating propaganda campaign against Solidarity, Izvestia also reprinted a long and blistering Czechoslovak commentary that warned that counterrevolution in Poland "cannot be broken by appeals" and that "it is necessary to use fully the means of state power" against antisocialist forces.

The commentary said that the last 12 months in Poland have confirmed that "there can be no independent or free forces or organizations" in a socialist society. It also drew parallels between the situation in Poland and the crushing of the 1956 Hungarian rebellion and the 1968 Czechoslovak reformist movement.

In a related dispatch, Moscow indicated that it is opposed to Poland's joining the International Monetary Fund. This has been suggested by some Solidarity officials. The news agency Tass said such suggestions would "reorient Poland toward cooperation with international economic centers under capitalist control."

The commentary reprinted from the Czechoslovak weekly Trybuna followed the Tass account. The Czechoslovak commentary suggested that Polish leaders were underestimating the threat to communist authority.

Czechoslovakia's experience from 1968 shows that counterrevolution must be dealt with by consistent and decisive measures, the commentary said.