For the first time, state governments spent an average of more than $1,000 for each resident in 1980, the Census Bureau reported yesterday.

Nationwide, the bureau said, state governments spent $1,010.43 per resident, up from $913.79 the year before.

This general spending, for such things as welfare, police protection and education, varied widely from state to state.

The per capita general spending:

Alabama, $920.16; Alaska, $4,826.92; Arizona, $900.26; Arkansas, $872.10; California, $1,243.29; Colorado, $893.23; Connecticut, $951.50; Delaware, $1,378.28.

Florida, $719.21; Georgia, $837.05; Hawaii, $1,595.18; Idaho, $971.44; Illinois, $967.36; Indiana, $810.27; Iowa, $1,066.72; Kansas, $890.27; Kentucky, $1,150.89; Louisiana, $1,061.64.

Maine, $1,016.06; Maryland, $1,124.27; Massachusetts, $1,170.46; Michigan, $1,135.53; Minnesota, $1,242.68; Mississippi, $975.83; Missouri, $735.63; Montana, $1,097.22.

Nebraska, $853.85; Nevada, $1,022.87; New Hampshire, $798.38; New Jersey, $989.68; New Mexico, $1,279.29; New York, $1,215.73; North Carolina, $909.13; North Dakota, $1,307.24.

Ohio, $815.83; Oklahoma, $948.04; Oregon, $1,134.57; Pennsylvania, $869.28; Rhode Island, $1,250.43; South Carolina, $897.51; South Dakota, $1,032.35.

Tennessee, $771.81; Texas, $760.13; Utah, $1,093.34; Vermont, $1,189.59; Virginia, $920.08; Washington, $1,175.77; West Virginia, $1,160.59; Wisconsin, $1,184.77, and Wyoming, $1,528.40.