The following dispatch is based on information arriving from Poland.
Polish authorities attempted yesterday to present a picture of a gradual return to normal life but they acknowledged that thousands of miners and factory workers continued strikes and sit-ins in defiance of martial law regulations.
Authorities have announced relaxation of travel and curfew restrictions for Christmas, and yesterday resumed foreign broadcasts by official Polish radio for the first time since the military seized control of the government and imposed martial law Dec. 13.
Although pockets of resistance continued along the Baltic Coast and in the Silesian mining district, according to reports reaching Warsaw, the easing of restrictions indicated that the authorities believe they are winning their battle to impose strict order on the country. Sources close to the Roman Catholic Church said they agree that short-term unrest appears to be largely under control.
Warsaw Radio said strikes involving thousands of workers continued at the Katowice steelworks and in two major coal mines in Silesia, but it said some of the strikers were abandoning the protest and "a decisive majority of industrial enterprises in Poland show a normal rhythm and peace and order prevail throughout Poland."
Meanwhile, the remnants of Solidarity's once impressive information organization have begun circulating leaflets furtively urging Poles to form "circles of social resistance" to the military regime.
Unlike past pamphlets, the leaflets were laboriously typed and retyped, an indication that the authorities have succeeded in rounding up most duplicating machines, whose use is banned under martial law regulations.
One such leaflet circulating in Warsaw outlined a five-point program of passive resistance to combat what it described as "an occupation by our own Army."
The points were:
* Collection of information about arrests and killings;
* Assistance to families touched by terror;
* The passing on of information -- "Let no typewriter stand idle!"
* Ignore official media;
* Other forms of passive resistance.
The program appeared to be in response to a continuing government effort to seek the support of wavering Solidarity backers by insisting that there would be no blanket reprisals and that the new regime would continue to allow formation of independent -- but not counterrevolutionary -- unions.
Despite the continuing strikes, Trybuna Ludu, the official party newspaper, drew new attention yesterday to government leader Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski's "assurance that the authorities are not seeking retaliation against those who were carried away by emotions, gave in to false inspiration and acted without malice."
The paper said, "We must not seek retaliation. . . . This is not a magnanimity, not a spectacular gesture, but a practical confirmation of the supreme interpretation of the socialist system -- respect for and protection of every human being and just evaluation of his deeds and that means also allowances for the human rights to err [or] yield to emotions."
Trybuna Ludu said it was Jaruzelski's policy "to nudge people harshly but justly in accordance with the legal code in force today, and at the same time to extend an outstretched hand to all those who, conscious of their mistakes" decide to try to "save the nation."
Martial law spokesmen also have firmly denied reports from abroad of rebellions within the Polish military, which is charged with enforcing martial law, and suggestions that Gen. Jaruzelski is no longer in control of the military regime.
Capt. Wieslaw Gornicki, an adviser to Jaruzelski, who was prime minister and Communist Party chief at the time he declared martial law, said at Monday's news conference that Jaruzelski presides over daily meetings of the 20-member ruling Military Council of National Salvation and has not left Warsaw since Dec. 13.
Gornicki said Jaruzelski, who was last seen on television when he declared martial law, "will appear in public in the next few days or weeks."
There were reports in Warsaw yesterday that Jaruzelski is preparing a television address to the nation for delivery possibly as early as today. Warsaw Radio said the Communist Party's Politburo met yesterday to discuss "the current sociopolitical situation as well as the tasks of the party in the conditions of martial law."
Western observers in Warsaw speculated that Jaruzelski was waiting for the situation to stabilize before making his first appearance since imposition of martial law. It is expected that he will announce further relaxation of restrictions and repeat last week's promise that economic and social reforms will be carried out, but only when law and order prevail.
Warsaw Radio quoted government spokesman Jerzy Urban as giving the names of nine intellectuals released from detention in what was described as an "example" of "many more" releases to come. He said 5,000 people were interned, a figure much lower than sources outside Poland have given.
A Solidarity official told reporters Tuesday in Bonn that 70,000 people had been rounded up, but he did not say where he got the information.
Warsaw Radio said last night that the 10 p.m.-to-6 a.m. curfew will be lifted Christmas Eve and morning so people can attend midnight mass. Beginning today for the Christmas period, authorities have also eased travel restrictions, allowing Poles -- who had been confined to their own towns and cities -- to move about freely within their own regions and in some cases to travel to another of the country's 49 regions to visit relatives.
In Warsaw, there are still numerous street patrols and Army checkpoints, but there appeared yesterday to be a definite lessening of the military presence. Armored personnel carriers that had been parked around the central Victory Square were taken away.
Telephone service was still shut off and the ban on sale of gasoline for private vehicles continued, however, and authorities spoke of the need for food aid from abroad. Warsaw Radio broadcast an appeal for blood donors, saying that a severe shortage has developed, hampering hospital activities.
[The State Department said that food supplies were declining in Poznan, Poland's fourth-largest city with a population of 525,000. Milk, bread and eggs are scarce or unavailable, it said, and there were long food lines. The situation appeared better in Krakow, the second-largest city, and Warsaw "as the authorities are making available large stocks of meat, eggs and carp, the favorite fish for Christmas," the department said.]
The Polish press described the continuing strikes in Silesian coal mines, where about 3,000 miners were staging an underground sit-in, and the Katowice steelworks as "a major spot of concern," according to Warsaw Radio, which accused Solidarity instigators of forcing workers to continue the sit-in.
"Miners who wish to end the strike" at one of the mines "are being terrorized," the radio said. "When they want to go up to the surface, all their clothes are taken away from them, water is poured over them and they are spat upon."
Catholic priests went into the mines to urge the protesting workers to return to the surface, Warsaw Radio said.
[Church sources said the priests went into the mines to conduct religious services and give the strikers moral support, Associated Press reported.]
In the north, along the Baltic coast, most of the resistance centered on the region around Gdansk.
Travelers from the area who left there Monday morning said hundreds of workers were inside the Gdansk oil refinery, which was ringed by tanks and armored personnel carriers. They said workers were also barricaded inside shipyards in Gdansk and nearby Gdynia.
[Meanwhile, the Polish Foreign Ministry press office, which transmits censored reports by foreign correspondents, announced that it will be closed Christmas Eve and Christmas Day and no filing of officially cleared copy those days will be allowed, United Press International correspondent Ruth Gruber reported from Warsaw in a dispatch cleared by the censors.]