Radio Warsaw said yesterday that strikes in the Silesia coal mines were holding up deliveries of coal and that a "climate of suspicion" is evident in Poland's factories with the country midway into its second week of martial-law rule.
Citing "certain disturbances in the work rhythm in the mines" and claiming that transport is increasingly snowbound, the radio report said that the country is facing a 140,000-ton shortfall in coal needed in Gdansk and five other provinces.
It pleaded for any available coal to go to livestock farmers and to meet the "needs of people who have no coal in their home to heat their homes."
The claim of shortages and that deliveries were being held up by snow conditions contrasted markedly with reports during recent days that thousands of students and others were volunteering their services to keep arteries cleared so that deliveries of goods could reach their destinations.
The radio also said last night that security forces had moved to break up the occupation of the huge Katowice Steelworks where it said more than 2,000 workers had been "kept in the foundry for many days by terrorists from the former Solidarity works committee."
The radio report said there were no injuries in the incident and the "provocateurs and organizers . . . have been detained." There were indications that all might not have gone smoothly, however, as the report also said that a search was under way for some of those who had been holding the plant since the onset of martial law on Dec. 13.
The state-run radio and PAP news agency painted a stark picture of "psychological terror" being imposed by a group of about 100 miners at the occupied Piast and Ziemovit mines in Silesia. According to the government, 846 miners at Ziemovit have come to the surface and about 1,100 others are remaining below the surface. They are being "detained below by a group of vigilantes . . ." who were "carelessly playing with human life," the government radio reported.
The miners, the radio said, "are being threatened with drastic punishments which they will allegedly sustain after leaving the mine. The situation is similar at the Piast mine," where the government reports that 1,706 miners are still underground.
The miners, who have been on strike for a week, were demanding the lifting of martial law, the release of all detained for violating it, particularly their own Solidarity leaders, as well as amnesty for the strikers.
Wives and mothers of some of the miners have been allowed to enter the area and use seven telephones still operating into the mine to plead with their husbands and sons to end the protest. The families have also been given permission to send food to the miners by lowering baskets down mining shafts.
The mines appear to be the major continuing source of resistance to martial law, and the government is clearly anxious to end the sit-in. Officials continued their intense propaganda effort to lure the miners to the surface, including a radio report that described the conditions of their protest and appealed to them that "families should spend Christmas together." Troops have even been withdrawn from the area, according to the government.
Radio Moscow, quoting a Polish government press spokesman on the reaction of the Polish public to martial law, said: "It is understandable that not all social groups are reacting in the same way . . . There is still plenty of disorientation, temporizing and indecision. This disposition is primarily characteristic of the representatives of the intelligentsia."
Warsaw Radio took that a step further, saying that "the atmosphere among factory workers is not favorable everywhere. It is marked by suspicion and a wait-and-see approach. People who once talked freely now work in silence. What happened in Silesia (where authorities reported the deaths of seven miners in clashes with militia) has noticeably shocked people."
Poland's premier, Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski, meanwhile, emerged from a meeting with a group of the country's leading intellectuals and appealed to them to help achieve a "patriotic agreement," Radio Warsaw said.
Pressing on with its drive to restore a sense of normality, the Education Ministry announced that schools in Poland will reopen Jan. 4, but "under conditions of martial law."
In Warsaw, the government announced the arrest of 357 people for curfew violations, and Warsaw television said charges had been laid against some Solidarity members detained shortly after martial law was imposed and who had been released after promising to obey "the legal order." They subsequently violated martial-law regulations and were rearrested, the report said.
But the city remained calm as shoppers continued to queue to buy fish for their traditional Christmas Eve dinner. Others scurried around town looking for Christmas trees, which were in short supply.
One man, who had a tree tied to the top of his car, was accosted when he stopped at a major intersection.
"Where did you find that tree," said a dozen people all at once. He named a place outside of town where an man was letting people cut trees from his land for 600 zlotys or $20--about one-tenth of the typical monthly salary here.
News services reported these other developments yesterday:
The West German Postal Ministry reported that certain individual telex connections into Poland were functioning again for the first time since the crackdown Dec. 13, although telex lines from Poland remain severed, and Warsaw Radio reportedly has resumed programming for seamen away from home.
Bishop Bronislaw Dabroski, secretary of the Polish Episcopal Conference, left Rome after two days of talks with Polish-born Pope John Paul II on the crisis. "The role of the Polish church," he said at the airport, "is to work for a renewal of dialogue," Agence France-Presse reported.
The Austrian Catholic news agency Kathpress, in a report from Vienna quoted by Reuter, said Polish church leaders had set up a special "crisis staff" and were in contact with the Communist Party leadership and with Lech Walesa, the detained leader of the Solidarity union movement. Quoting reliable sources in Warsaw, Kathpress said church leaders have been able to have conditions improved for thousands of those detained since the crackdown Dec. 13 and was negotiating with authorities to have some released.
In Stockholm, Swedish Radio quoted "prominent people in the Catholic Church" as saying that several Solidarity leaders have been taken to detention camps in the Soviet Union, just across the border from Poland. The purpose of the move, the radio said, was to make contact impossible between the Solidarity leaders and people in Poland.
At the United Nations, Piotr Naimski, one of 28 members of Solidarity who formed the "Acting Group of Solidarity" in Zurich last week, presented a report on the situation in his homeland. It mentioned severe conditions in internment camps and said that "in some camps people are being held in tents in -4 degrees Fahrenheit cold. There is no water, almost no food."
Moscow Radio accused some nations in the West of beginning to interfere in Poland's internal affairs, citing predictions of changes in economic policy as a threat to its Warsaw Pact client, news services reported.
In Zurich, a spokesman of the Swiss Bank Corp. quoted by the Associated Press said no firm decisions had been made during a meeting of eight major Western commercial banks on a Polish request for a $350 million loan to pay interest charges on its debts to the West of about $25 billion. The news agency quoted Swiss banking sources as saying they doubted Poland would get the loan.