Following is the transcript of the cockpit voice recording of Air Florida 90 on Jan. 13, 1982, as provided by the National Transportation Safety Board.

The times are expressed in hours from midnight, minutes and seconds (for example, 1537:49 would be 3:37 and 49 seconds p.m.). The following symbols are used: *, for unintelligible word; #, for nonpertinent word; ( ), questionable text; (( )), editorial insertion by safety board; ---, pause, , editorial explanation.

The Air Florida pilot was Larry Wheaton, the copilot Roger Alan Pettit, the head stewardess Donna Adams. Other crew voices are not identified. The transcript begins as the crew apparently was discussing a tractor's inability to pull their aircraft from its gate.

1530:

Copilot: * figure it out.

Copilot: We're too heavy for the ice.

Copilot: They get a tractor with chains on it? They got one right over here.

((PA announcement relative to pushback)).

Pilot: That's not so # great.

1532:

Pilot: Ah we'll take that.

1532:22

Copilot: I hadn't called ground to tell 'em we didn't make it, do you want me to tell 'em?

Someone in flight crew: * * call 'em and tell 'em * *

Copilot: I'm surprised we couldn't power it out of here.

Pilot: Well we could of if he wanted me to pull some reverse thrust .

Crew: *

1532:59

Pilot: I've done it in Minneapolis and I had to come up to one point four, one point five. Apparent reference to engine thrust .

1533:05

Pilot: It had chains on it.

1533:15

Copilot: ((Chuckle)) did you hear that guy, think he'll get a gate in a second, I don't see anybody pushing.

Copilot: Want me to tell ground that we're temporarily indisposed?

1533:25

Copilot: Want me to tell ground that we're temporarily indisposed?

Copilot: He'll call us surely.

Copilot: Where are you guys?

Crew: * *

Copilot: Huh.

Crew: * *

1533:40

Copilot: It's twenty-five, it's not too cold really.

Pilot: It's not really that cold.

Copilot: It's not that cold, cold, like ten with the wind blowing, you know.

1534:09

Copilot: People's Express jetliner going to deplane in the snow here.

Copilot: Piedmont's going to park it on the ramp.

1534:24

Pilot: Here comes the chain tractor.

1535:14

Copilot: Well that's a difference, do you want twenty-five (or start up).

Copilot: Yeah.

1535:40

Copilot: I guess (I) never even thought about it being a little plane like this, figured they'd push it out of there, you know, but we're pretty heavy, we're a hundred and two thousand pounds sittin' there.

1536:13

Copilot: Maybe we can taxi up side'a some seven two 727 aircraft sittin' there runnin', blow off whatever (accumulated on the wings).

1536:50

Pilot: Checklist again, right.

Copilot: We did it and we're down to before start, that's all.

Copilot: Shoulder harness.

Pilot: On.

Copilot: Air conditioning pack.

Pilot: Off.

Copilot: Start pressure.

Pilot: Up.

Copilot: Anti-collision.

Pilot: On.

Copilot: Starts complete.

1537:01

Copilot: LaGuardia's not accepting anybody right now.

Stewardess: Is it raining in Tampa?

Copilot: Rainy and foggy.

Stewardess: How is the temperature?

Unidentified crew member: Fifty.

Copilot: Sixty.

Pilot: ((Sound of laughter)) can they land here?

1537:31

Copilot: Drop.

Copilot: Oil pressure.

1537:41

((Strange sound apparently associated with engine start)).

1537:46

Copilot: (Eighty-seven) (bet it feels like a gas stove)

Pilot: Temperature.

1537:47:49

Copilot: (Isn't that an artist though).

Pilot: Huh---oil pressure.

1538:06

((Second strange sound apparently associated with engine start)).

((Sound of igniters)).

Pilot: Stowed.

Copilot: Cut out. 1538:16

Pilot: After start.

Copilot: Electrical.

Pilot: Generators.

Copilot: Pitot heat.

Pilot: On

Copilot: Anti-ice.

Pilot: (Off)

Copilot: Air conditioning pressurization.

Pilot: Packs on flight.

Copilot: APU auxiliary power unit used when engines aren't running .

Pilot: Running.

Copilot: Start levers.

Pilot: Idle.

Copilot: Door warning lights.

Pilot: Out.

Copilot: You want me to hold the flaps till we get up closer?

Pilot: He said something about Palm A reference to air traffic controller's mention from the tower of Air Florida's call name. .

Copilot: Yeah.

Copilot : ((Chuckle))

1538:58

((Sound of takeoff warning)) A routine alert telling crew to make specific pre-takeoff checks

Copilot: Behind that Apple New York Air plane , I guess.

Pilot: Behind what TWA?

1539:04

Over by the TWA to follow that Apple, apparently.

Copilot: ((Whistling))

1539:29

Copilot: Boy, this is shitty, it's probably the shittiest snow I've seen.

((Sound of takeoff warning horn))

((Beginning of flight attendant public address announcement))

1540:15

** go over to the hangar and get deiced.

Copolit: Yeah.

Copilot: Definitely.

Pilot: * * deiced * * ((laughter)).

Copilot: Yeah, that's about it.

1540:42

Copilot: It's been a while since we've been deiced.

Pilot: Thank sic I'll go home and (play) * *.

1541:24

Copilot: That Citation a small Cessna business jet over there, that guy's about ankle deep in it.

((Sound of laughter))

1541:47

Copilot: Hello Donna.

Head Stewardess: I love it out here.

Copilot: It's fun.

Head Stewardess: I love it. The neat way the tire tracks.

1541:52

Copilot: See that Citation over there, looks like he's up to his knees.

Stewardess: Look at all the tire tracks in the snow.

Head Stewardess: Huh.

Stewardess: The tire tracks in the snow.

Stewardess or head stewardess: * * *.

1542:13

Copilot: No, that's a DC nine Apple New York Air.

Stewardess: Is that the way ours are, that low to the ground, too.

1542:21

Copilot: I don't know, those are dash tens there, aren't they, DC nine dash tens, don't know what we had, thirties? Is that a thirty? References to models of the DC9 jetliner

Stewardess: It is *.

1542:29

Pilot: Doesn't look like it, I can't see, I can't tell---I need to see something other than what we're looking at.

1542:59

Copilot: ((Sound of whistling.))

Pilot: * * snow * * snow.

1543:22

Copilot: Pretty poky.

Stewardess: What does the "N" stand for on all the aircraft, before the number?

Pilot: U.S. registered.

Copilot: U.S. United States. See, everyone of them have an "N" on it, see, then you see somebody else like, ah.

Stewardess: (Like Bahamas.)

1543:37

Pilot: "C" is Canada, yeah I think, or is it "Y"?

Copilot: I think, I think it is "C".

Copilot: There's, ah, you know, Venezuela.

Copilot: Next time you have a weird one, you can look up.

Stewardess or head stewardess: * * *

Copilot: Stand by a second

1544:59

Copilot: I never got back to Operations on the twenty twenty-five, we can put twenty-five, romeo hotel, just, just go for it.

Copilot: That's what time it is, awhile ago instead of nineteen twenty-five, I think the guy just * * he added four instead of five.

Pilot: That's why I said, that's why I gave the agent twenty-five so I wouldn't have to be concerned with that #.

Copilot: What's our release good for, one hour? one hour release.

Copilot: Ha, ha, god he said LaGuardia is not taking anybody, # it's early yet ((sound of laughter)) we may end up in Kennedy or somewhere, you never know ((sound of laughter)).

1545:43

Pilot: Bradley, Albany.

Copilot: Yeah.

1545:51

Copilot: There's PSA's eastern jet coming in ((sound of laughter)).

Copilot: And they used to laugh at us for flying those green tails, you know.

Copilot: Whatever it was.

1546:21 Pilot: Tell you what, my windshield will be deiced, don't know about my wing.

1546:27

Copilot: Well all we really need is the inside of the wings anyway, the wing tips are gonna speed up by eighty knots anyway, they'll shuck all that other stuff ((sound of laughter)).

1546:34

Copilot: There's Palm thirty-five coming in.

1546:51

((Sound of takeoff warning)).

1547:01

Copilot: Yeah, Palm thirty-five's in the holding pattern right now.

1547:32

Pilot: (Gonna) get your wing now.

1547:37

Copilot: D'they get yours? Can you see your wing tip over 'er?

Pilot: I got a little on mine.

Copilot: A little.

1547:46

Copilot: This one's got about a quarter to half an inch on it all the way.

1547:53

Copilot: Look how the ice is just hanging on his, ah, back, back there, see that?

Copilot: Side there.

1548:06

Copilot: It's impressive that these big old planes get in here with the weather this bad you know, it's impressive.

1548:13

Copilot: It never ceases to amaze me when we break out of the clouds, there's the runway anyway, d'care how many times we do it. God, we did good! ((sound of laughter)).

1548:24

Copilot: See all those icicles on the back there and everything.

Pilot: Yeah.

1548:31

Copilot: He's getting excited there, he got his flaps down, he thinks he's getting close ((sound of laughter)).

1548:59

Copilot: See this difference in that left engine and right one.

Pilot: Yeah.

Copilot: Don't know why that's different.

1549:05

Copilot: Less it's his hot air going into that right one, that must be it.---From his exhaust.---It was doing that in the chocks awhile ago but, ah.

((Sound of whistling)).

1550:08

Copilot: I'm certainly glad there's people taxiing on the same place I want to go 'cause I can't see the runway, taxiway without these flags ((sound of takeoff warning)).

1550:29

((Sound of whistling)).

1550:38

Pilot: Where would I be if I were a holding line?

Copilot: I would think that would be about right here, agreed?

1550:45

Copilot: May be a little further up there, I don't know.

Pilot: Ah, # he's barely off of it.

Copilot: I know it.

1551:05

Copilot: This thing's settled down a little bit, might'a been his hot air going over it.

1551:13

((Sound of takeoff warning)).

1551:23

Stewardess: We still fourth.

Copilot: Yeah.

Stewardess: Fourth now.

1551:38

Copilot: We're getting there, we used to be seventh.

1551:49

((Sound of whistling))

1551:54

Pilot: Don't do that Apple, I need to get the other wing done ((Sound of laughter)).

((Sound of laughter))

Copilot: That guy shooting CAT two ILS's there a plane approaching for a landing using an electronic guidance system says how come there was a small Lear on the runway when we ((sound of laughter)).

Pilot: When we landed on the taxiway.

1552:42

Pilot: You ought to talk to Rich Lussow, he landed on a --- landed on a closed runway in, ah, Chicago.

1552:49

Copilot: Accidently.

1552:53

Pilot: In about 16 inches, a 727, that # stopped just like that.

Copilot: I'll bet it did smooth deceleration, eh, [sound of laughter]

1553:21

Copilot: Boy, this is a, this is a losing battle here on trying to deice those things, it (gives) you a false feeling of securitry that's all that does.

Pilot: That, ah, satisfies the Feds

Copilot: Yeah. --- As good and crisp as the air is and no heavier than we are I'd.

Pilot: Right there is where the icing truck, they oughta have two of them, you pull right

Copilot: Right out.

1553:42

Pilot: Like cattle, like cows right --- Right in between these things and then.

Copilot: Get your position back.

Pilot: Now you're cleared for takeoff.

Copilot: Yeah and you taxi through kinda like a car wash or something.

Pilot: Yeah.

1553:51

Pilot: Hit that thing with about eight billion gallons of glycol.

1554:04

Pilot: In Minneapolis, the truck they were deicing us with the heater didn't work on it, the # glycol was freezing the moment it hit.

Copilot: Especially that cold metal like that.

Pilot: Yeah.

Copilot: Well I haven't seen anybody go around yet, they're doing good.---Boy I'll bet all the school kids are just # in their pants here. It's fun for them, no school tomorrow, ya hoo ((sound of laughter)).

1555:00

Pilot: What do think we should use for a takeoff alternate.

Copilot: Well, it must be within an hour, is that Stewart Airport in New York up there within an hour?

1555:09

Copilot: About thirty-five minutes up there isn't it, on one.---Dulles got a big old runway over there, probably about the same, probably about the same stuff as here, you know.

1555:36

Pilot: Been into Stewart?

Copilot: No, I've overflown it several times, over by the water over there, kinda long, it looks like an Air Force base, use'ta be something.

Pilot: Yeah.

Copilot: Looks pretty good.

1555:44

Pilot: Yeah, it's a nice airport.

Copilot: Is it?---You been there, haven't you.---Did you have to from White Plains.

1555:49

Copilot: Yeah.---I heard, ah.

Pilot: In the service too.

Copilot: Yeah, we were in, we were into White Plains one time, we were in earlier in the day and then saw some guys at the bar late that night come straggling in there really bitching, where in the # you all been, we been to Stewart man, we drove a van over here.

Copilot: Nice touchdown.

Pilot: Right on it.

Copilot: Uh uh.

1556:19

((Sound of laughter)).

1556:20

Got his wing tip.

1556:39

Pilot: Sure glad I'm not taking off in that piece of #.

1556:43

Yeah that thing right there, that gets your attention.

1556:47

Hopefully, that's, ah, is that turbo charged or fuel injected?

1556:51

Hate to blast outta here with carburetor ice all over me.--- Specially with the monument staring you in the face.

1556:56

Pilot: They call it the, ah, four twenty-one, golden eagle.

1556:59

Copilot: Yeah.

1557:02

Pilot: It's, ah, pretty fancy.

1557:05

((Sound similar to parking brake release)).

((Sound of takeoff warning horn simultaneous with above)).

1557:30

Copilot: Where do you want to go?

1557:32

Pilot: I just don't want to blast him.

1557:34

Pilot: CAT two line's right here.

1557:35

Pilot: I'm on it.

1557:38

Copilot: Yeah.

1557:42

Copilot: Do you want to run everything but the flaps?

1557:44

Pilot: Yeah.

1557:45

Copilot: Start switches.

Pilot: They're on

Pilot: Recall

Pilot: Checked

1557:48

Copilot: Flight controls

Pilot: Bottoms

Copilot: Tops good---Let's check these tops again since we been setting here awhile---I think we get to go here in a minute.

1557:58

Copilot: Ought to work.

1558:00

Copilot: Flaps we don't have yet.

1558:01

Copilot: Stab stabilizer trim set at five point three.

1558:02

Pilot: Set.

1558:03

Copilot: Zero fuel weight, we corrected that up.

1558:05

Copilot: Ought to be, ah, seventy-nine one now. First of several references to windspeed in knots.

Pilot: Seventy-seven.

1558:08

Copilot: seventy-seven one.

1558:09

Pilot: Set.

Copilot: Okay.

1558:10

Copilot: EPR engine pressure ratio all the way two oh four.

1558:12

Copilot: Indicated airspeed bugs are a thirty-eight, forty, forty-four.

1558:20

Pilot: Set.

1558:21

Copilot: Cockpit door.

1558:22

Pilot: Locked.

1558:23

Copilot: Takeoff briefing.

1558:25

Copilot: Air Florida standard.

1558:26

Copilot: Slushy runway, do you want me to do anything special for this or just go for it.

1558:31

Pilot: Unless you got anything special you'd like to do.

1558:33

Copilot: Unless just takeoff the nose wheel early like a soft field takeoff or something.

1558:37

Copilot: I'll take the nose wheel off and then we'll let it fly off.

1558:39

Copilot: Be out the three two six, climbing to five, I'll pull it back to about one point five five supposed to be about one six depending on how scared we are. 326 indicates the left turn, upriver departure route; 5 means climbing to 5,000 feet; 1.55 is a noise-abatement power setting to be used once 5,000 feet is reached; 1.6 is a somewhat higher setting if the pilots are worried.

1558:45

((Sound of laughter)).

1558:47

Copilot: Up to five, squawk set, departure is eighteen one, down to flaps ((sound of laughter)).

1558:56

Copilot: Oh, he pranged it on there. Reference to another plane that made a hard landing.

1558:59

((Sound similar to parking brake being let off))

1559:00

((Sound of takeoff warning))

((Sound similar to flap lever activation))

1559:03

((Sound of takeoff warning ceases)).

1559:06

Public Address to Passengers: Ladies and gentlemen, we have just been cleared on the runway for takeoff, flight attendants please be seated.

1559:15

Copilot: Flight attendant alert.

1559:16

Pilot: Given.

1559:16

Copilot: Bleeds.

1559:17

Pilot: They're off.

1559:18

Copilot: Strobes, external lights.

Pilot: On.

1559:19

Copilot: Anti skid.

Pilot: On.

1559:21

Copilot: Transponder

Pilot: On.

1559:22

Copilot: Takeoffs checklist complete.

1559:32

Pilot: Okay.

1559:45

Pilot: Your throttles.

1559:46

Copilot: Okay.

1559:48

((Sound of engine spoolup)) turbine picking up speed .

1559:49

Pilot: Holler if you need the wipers.

1559:51

Pilot: It's spooled.

1559:53

Speaker undetermined: Ho

Speaker undetermined: Whoo.

1559:54

Speaker undetermined: Really cold here.

1559:55

Copilot: Got 'em?

1559:56

Pilot: Real cold --- Real cold.

1559:58

Copilot: God, look at that thing.

1600:02

Copilot: That don't seem right does it?

1600:05

Copilot: Ah, that's not right.

1600:07

Copilot: (Well) ---.

1600:09

Pilot: Yes it is, there's eighty. Apparent reference to airspeed of 80 knots

1600:10

Copilot: Naw, I don't think that's right.

1600:19

Copilot: Ah, maybe it is.

1600:21

Pilot: Hundred and twenty.

1600:23

Copilot: I don't know.

1600:31

Pilot: Vee one go or no-go speed

1600:33

Pilot: Easy.

1600:37

Pilot: Vee two. 120 percent of normal stall speed

1600:39

((Sound of stickshaker starts and continues to impact)).

1600:45

Pilot: Forward, forward.

1600:47

Speaker undetermined: Easy.

1600:48

Pilot: We only want five hundred.

1600:50

Pilot: Come on, forward.

1600:53

Pilot: Forward.

1600:55

Pilot: Just barely climb.

1600:59

Speaker undetermined: (Stalling) we're (falling).

1601:00

Copilot: Larry, we're going down, Larry.

1601:01

Pilot: I know it

1601:01

((Sound of impact)).