Rep. Frederick W. Richmond (D-N.Y.) bypassed the normal patronage procedure in late 1980 when he recommended an individual using the name John McLoughlin for a low-paying job with the House doorkeeper, according to congressional sources.

McLoughlin was in fact Earl W. Randolph Jr., a longtime acquaintance of Richmond who escaped from a Massachusetts correctional institution in July, 1980, while serving an 18-year sentence for assault with intent to murder.

The normal patronage procedure for Richmond, according to House sources, was for the four-term congressman to give the prospective employe's name to a senior member of the New York Democratic House delegation, Rep. Joseph P. Addabbo, whose job it is to decide who will get such jobs from among those recommended by members of the New York Democratic delegation.

Addabbo, acting on behalf of the New York Democratic congressmen, then passes the approved names on to Rep. John Joseph Moakley (R-Mass.), chairman of the House Democratic patronage committee, who controls the patronage jobs available to House Democrats.

Richmond has followed this procedure before and since the McLoughlin incident in getting three other low-paid patronage jobs, according to sources in both his and Addabbo's offices.

In the case of McLoughlin, however, Richmond bypassed Addabbo and made his request for a job directly to Moakley, these sources said last week.

"Thank God he didn't come through here," said an Addabbo aide.

It is still not clear how Richmond passed the McLoughlin name on to Moakley.

According to his press aide, Michael Kahan, Richmond wrote a letter to Moakley "in the fall or winter of 1980" after Randolph, using the name "McLoughlin," had come to Richmond looking for a job.

The letter was sent, Kahan said, "as a routine office matter" because as the press aide understood it, McLoughlin and Richmond had "mutual connections."

Moakley, asked whether his records show any written communication from Richmond on McLoughlin, said last week that he could find "no letter on it" from Richmond. Moakley added that he had no memory of this particular individual since he handles dozens of such requests each day. He said he originally believed Richmond may have called him on the phone or spoken to him on the House floor about the job.

In any event, Moakley said the man using the name McLoughlin subsequently came into the patronage committee office and filled out a form called a "171" which asked for past employment as well as personal references.

That form is still in Moakley's files but he would not reveal either the date on which it was filled out or its contents "because it is private information."

The date is important since Randolph's whereabouts between the time of his escape--July 22, 1980--and the day he went on the House payroll--Jan. 5, 1981--are still not publicly known.

McLoughlin went to work in the House folding room, putting material in envelopes, until late February.

He did not show up for work one day, according to one of his coworkers who refused to be identified, and on Feb. 28, he was dropped from the House payroll. Overall, according to House records, he was paid $1,639.05.

On March 23, less than one month later, McLoughlin was arrested in New York City and charged with male prostitution after he offered to have sex with an undercover police officer.

According to congressional sources, available House records indicate Randolph was the first and apparently only patronage employe Richmond sought to get a House job directly through Democratic patronage chairman Moakley.

According to these sources, the files of the Office of the Doorkeeper show McLoughlin is the only employe identified as having been placed on the doorkeeper's payroll directly at the request of the four-term Brooklyn congressman.

The files of Moakley's House Democratic patronage committee, which controls such jobs not only for the doorkeeper, but also for the House Clerk, Architect of the Capitol and others, also show only this one patronage job for Richmond, sources said, and it is under the name John McLoughlin.