The caption on a photograph in yesterday's editions of The Washington Post incorrectly identified a rally being addressed by Sen. Alan Cranston (D-Calif.). Cranston was speaking to an estimated 300 people, according to U.S. Park Police, who gathered in Lafayette Park. Organizers of the rally, the Jewish Community Council of Greater Washington and the Zionist Organization of America, said it was called to express solidarity with Israel, to press for withdrawal of all military forces from Lebanon and to work for a free democratic Lebanon for the Lebanese. The rally was timed to coincide with the visit to the White House of Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin.

While representatives of the Arab community were in this o

While representatives of the Arab community were in this office last week, the phone lines were backed up with calls fffice last week, the phone lines were backed up with calls from scores of Israeli partisans. All had the same purpose: trom scores of Israeli partisans. All had the same purpose: to register indignation with Post coverage of Israel's sweep o register indignation with Post coverage of Israel's sweep through Lebanon and its impact in Washington.

Officers of tthrough Lebanon and its impact in Washington.

Officers of the American-Arab Anti- Discrimination Committee charged the he American-Arab Anti- Discrimination Committee charged the newspaper with accepting "the Israeli line," which, it contenewspaper with accepting "the Israeli line," which, it contended, could be discerned in the headlines, play and content nded, could be discerned in the headlines, play and content of stories. Readers of The Post were not given sufficient inof stories. Readers of The Post were not given sufficient information to distinguish between PLO military--Israel's procformation to distinguish between PLO military--Israel's proclaimed target--and innocent people, including other Palestinlaimed target--and innocent people, including other Palestinians.

The group, all Lebanese Christians, claimed that Postians.

The group, all Lebanese Christians, claimed that Post reporting created an impression the Phalange Party of Bashi reporting created an impression the Phalange Party of Bashir Gemayel and the army of Major Saad Haddad represented the r Gemayel and the army of Major Saad Haddad represented the majority of Christians. AAADC says some 500,000 Christians lmajority of Christians. AAADC says some 500,000 Christians live outside the control of these factions. Further, it was aive outside the control of these factions. Further, it was argued, the paper seemed indifferent to the whereabouts of prrgued, the paper seemed indifferent to the whereabouts of prisoners, including Lebanese, taken by Israeli troops.

Note:isoners, including Lebanese, taken by Israeli troops.

Note: A day earlier, a Post story from Sidon reported 5,000 to 6, A day earlier, a Post story from Sidon reported 5,000 to 6,000 "Palestinians" were held in internment camps in Lebanon 000 "Palestinians" were held in internment camps in Lebanon and Israel. An Israeli spokesman said "government legal expeand Israel. An Israeli spokesman said "government legal experts are studying what status the prisoners should receive; mrts are studying what status the prisoners should receive; meanwhile they would be treated as if they were POWs under theanwhile they would be treated as if they were POWs under the 1947 Geneva Convention." Captive Lebanese, the study said,e 1947 Geneva Convention." Captive Lebanese, the study said, "are expected to be released once their identity is establi "are expected to be released once their identity is established." An Israeli concern that 23 of its missing presumably shed." An Israeli concern that 23 of its missing presumably could be subjected to retaliation, but that the PLO has annocould be subjected to retaliation, but that the PLO has announced the capture of "only one" Israeli was noted.

Post ediunced the capture of "only one" Israeli was noted.

Post editorial policy did not escape criticism: It was, the group altorial policy did not escape criticism: It was, the group alleged, justifying Israel's onslaught; it should demand cessaleged, justifying Israel's onslaught; it should demand cessation.

From the other side, Israeli supporters were affrontetion.

From the other side, Israeli supporters were affronted by a picture and story snafu the day before and not reassud by a picture and story snafu the day before and not reassured by a correction that morning. A combination of newsroom red by a correction that morning. A combination of newsroom blunders, to these crtitcs, amounted to further evidence thablunders, to these crtitcs, amounted to further evidence that The Post follows an anti-Israeli policy.

The June 22 earlt The Post follows an anti-Israeli policy.

The June 22 early editions carried a four-column picture of Sen. Alan Cransty editions carried a four-column picture of Sen. Alan Cranston addressing "demonstrators in Lafayette Park." The remaindon addressing "demonstrators in Lafayette Park." The remainder of the caption--"About 200 Lebanese begin their march froer of the caption--"About 200 Lebanese begin their march from Dupont Circle to Ellipse behind the White House"--covered m Dupont Circle to Ellipse behind the White House"--covered a two-column picture alongside. A 250- word story reported ta two-column picture alongside. A 250- word story reported that demonstrators marched "to protest the Israeli invasion ohat demonstrators marched "to protest the Israeli invasion of Lebanon and Prime Minister Begin's lunchtime visit with Prf Lebanon and Prime Minister Begin's lunchtime visit with President Reagan." It made no mention of Sen. Cranston or the esident Reagan." It made no mention of Sen. Cranston or the group in Lafayette Park.

For reasons of space, the Lebanesegroup in Lafayette Park.

For reasons of space, the Lebanese marchers' picture was pulled in the final edition. In re-ru marchers' picture was pulled in the final edition. In re-running Sen. Cranston's picture the caption was transposed, annning Sen. Cranston's picture the caption was transposed, and thus had him speaking "to about 200 Lebanese demonstratorsd thus had him speaking "to about 200 Lebanese demonstrators. . . ." It is perfectly clear from placards visible in the . . . ." It is perfectly clear from placards visible in the picture--e.g., "Assure the Security of our Vital Ally, Israepicture--e.g., "Assure the Security of our Vital Ally, Israel"--the senator is present at a pro-Israeli rally.

More thal"--the senator is present at a pro-Israeli rally.

More than the bungle with a picture, most readership anger was direcn the bungle with a picture, most readership anger was directed at the story's failure to report the Lafayette Park evented at the story's failure to report the Lafayette Park event. Furthermore, Mayor Marion Barry was present and spoke.

Et. Furthermore, Mayor Marion Barry was present and spoke.

Editors admit slipshod work. A deskman "blew it," mismatched ditors admit slipshod work. A deskman "blew it," mismatched a photo and caption. The desk missed sending a reporter to La photo and caption. The desk missed sending a reporter to Lafayette Park because editors failed to read the day book, eafayette Park because editors failed to read the day book, even though in another part of the house, the picture editor ven though in another part of the house, the picture editor caught it via radio and assigned a photographer. Then there caught it via radio and assigned a photographer. Then there was the Hinckley verdict that consumed editors, who otherwiswas the Hinckley verdict that consumed editors, who otherwise might have caught early edition errors. Some of this was ee might have caught early edition errors. Some of this was explained directly to Sen. Cranston by executive editor Ben Bxplained directly to Sen. Cranston by executive editor Ben Bradlee.

Yet, the public correction satisfied no one. It strradlee.

Yet, the public correction satisfied no one. It straightened out the picture caption, attributed a rally attendaightened out the picture caption, attributed a rally attendance of 300 to Park Police, identified the organizers as theance of 300 to Park Police, identified the organizers as the Jewish Community Council of Greater Washington and the Zion Jewish Community Council of Greater Washington and the Zionist Organization of America, whose purpose was "to express sist Organization of America, whose purpose was "to express solidarity with Israel, to press for withdrawal of all militaolidarity with Israel, to press for withdrawal of all military forces from Lebanon and to work for a free democratic Lebry forces from Lebanon and to work for a free democratic Lebanon for the Lebanese." No mention was made of Mayor Barry, anon for the Lebanese." No mention was made of Mayor Barry, what he or Sen. Cranston said, what occasioned the newsroom what he or Sen. Cranston said, what occasioned the newsroom lapses or that the paper regretted any of it.

The wrath of lapses or that the paper regretted any of it.

The wrath of both sides was predictable.both sides was predictable.