The earth will not move, nor the chamber tilt, when they arrive.

Their names are Chic, Paul, Pete, Jeff and Frank, and when all is said and done, they are what one of the most expensive, publicized and negative U.S. Senate campaigns in history offered up as fresh blood to the body politic.

When these five white males -- three lawyers, a high-tech business whiz and a haberdasher -- join in the portrait of the country's most elite club, two will probably line up on the right, two near the middle and one slightly to the left.

The picture will stay the same. Still, they are new faces, their political characters not fully formed, and that is enough to ensure that for a few months, at least, these three Republicans and two Democrats will be courted, lobbied, reeducated and studied a little more than their 95 holdover colleagues.

The youngest freshman senator, Republican Paul S. Trible Jr. of Virginia, at age 35 also happens to be the only one with experience on Capitol Hill, having served for the last six years as the congressman from Newport News. The oldest, 58-year-old Democrat Frank R. Lautenberg of New Jersey, has the least experience; he made the big time in his first try for public office.

Lautenberg and Republican Chic Hecht of Nevada are wealthy men who spent large sums of their own money to get elected, but that may be the only thing they have in common. Lautenberg is a classic liberal dedicated to getting more jobs and public works projects, Hecht an unwavering conservative whose mission in Washington will be to follow the leads of President Reagan and the senior senator from Nevada, Republican Paul Laxalt.

The other two newcomers, Republican Pete Wilson of California and Democrat Jeff Bingaman of New Mexico, are essentially moderates who most likely will settle somewhere in the middle over the next six years.

Here are brief sketches of the Senate freshmen.

Chic Hecht

His name is actually Mayer Jacov Hecht, but an uncle dubbed him Chic when he was a week old, the consumers of Las Vegas have known him exclusively as Chic, and when he gets to Washington it will be Sen. Chic Hecht.

"I spent a lot of money to make myself known as Chic," he says. "I'm not going to change that now."

If his Senate campaign foreshadows his role on Capitol Hill, Hecht may get more mileage out of his nickname than anything he says or does.

"What is Chic Hecht like? We have absolutely no idea, the guy didn't say a darn thing during the whole campaign," says one Nevada political observer.

That is only a slight exaggeration. In defeating incumbent Democrat Howard W. Cannon, Hecht, 54, entered into no debates, issued no position papers and delivered only a handful of press releases and speeches. Some of that was attributed to his shy personality and his lisp and high-pitched voice.

He became a household name in Las Vegas and the towns of Nevada partly as a result of political advertisements, but perhaps more because of years of commercials for the two stores he owns and operates: Chic Hecht's, a women's clothing store near the Golden Nugget in Las Vegas' "glitter gulch," and Sam's Town Western Emporium.

Hecht, who graduated from Washington University in St. Louis and served as an Army intelligence officer in Berlin in the early 1950s, does have a political history. He was elected to the Nevada Senate in 1966 and was there eight years, in 1968 assuming the role of minority leader when Laxalt was governor. The state legislature was ruled by Democrats during that era, however, leaving Hecht with little influence .

What clout he had with the voters this year was derived in great measure from his ties to President Reagan, who campaigned in the state twice, and Laxalt, who may have given more speeches than Hecht.

When he appeared on the ABC television news show, "This Week with David Brinkley," last Sunday, Hecht answered questions on specific issues by saying he would need time to get the facts after he is sworn in as a senator.

He summarized his campaign with the words: "I asked the people this: I know there are problems in America today, but do you want to go back to where we were with the big spending in Washington, or do you want to go with the president? That was the crux of my campaign and the people of Nevada went with the president of the United States."

Paul S. Trible Jr.

Virginia's new Republican senator campaigned as the ideological heir to retiring Independent Sen. Harry Flood Byrd Jr., a true believer in balanced budgets, limited government and a strong military posture. But in style, Byrd and his young successor could not be more different.

Trible is a fresh-faced, sandy-haired lawyer with a speaking manner that some critics say is robotized, full of the jargon of bureaucratic Washington.

He lands in the Senate after a meteoric political rise. As a young Washington and Lee University Law School graduate 10 years ago, he got a job as an assistant prosecutor in the U.S. attorney's office in Alexandria, and then was plucked for a stint as an aide in the Nixon White House, where he worked on the Watergate tapes litigation.

In 1974, he was appointed commonwealth's attorney in rural Essex County on the Rappahannock River. Two years later, at the age of 29, Trible became the only new Republican congressman elected from the South, winning an open seat in Virginia's 1st Congressional District, a previously Democratic region that encompassed Newport News and Tidewater. He won reelection in l978 and l980 by overwhelming margins.

The dominant economic power in his area is the mammoth Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co., the builder of nuclear-powered aircraft carriers and submarines and, with 25,000 workers, the largest private employer in the state. Trible devoted much of his House career to catering to the shipyard from his seat on the House Armed Services Committee, where he has lobbied for bigger naval budgets.

He campaigned this year as a unflinching supporter of Reaganomics, and in the 98th Congress says he would support the balanced-budget amendment, measures to restrain cost-of-living increases in Social Security payments, implementation of the third year of the tax cut and increased defense spending.

Pete Wilson

Peter Barton Wilson, the Republican mayor of San Diego since 1971, really wanted to head north to Sacramento, not east to Washington.

He ran for governor in 1978, finishing fourth in the GOP primary, and considered it again this year before being dissuaded by the polls and power brokers. In the crowded Republican Senate primary, Wilson, 49, emerged as a quiet, rational voice in a chaotic, star-studded field, and his sober manner served him well again in the general election against Gov. Edmund G. (Jerry) Brown Jr.

Wilson's political philosophy is a mixed bag of moderation. He supports the ERA, the death penalty, and abortion funding, worked against Reagan during the 1976 primaries and spoke out against the president's tax measure. He opposed the nuclear freeze and gun control propositions in California and, in his home town, worked against rent control and increased bargaining powers for firefighters.

During his campaign against Brown, Wilson at one point suggested that perhaps the Social Security system should be made voluntary and private, or possibly partly so, for workers under age 45 who wanted that option. That statement helped Brown move up in the polls, and Wilson quickly stepped back from it.

In statements after the election, he said he would be willing to cut the budget of every federal program, including the military, but not Social Security benefits.

Wilson is a graduate of Yale University and the University of California law school. It took him four attempts to pass the California bar exam.

He got into politics in 1962 as an advance man for Richard M. Nixon, and four years later was elected to the state Assembly, where he served until becoming mayor of San Diego.

As mayor, he developed a reputation as a tough, clean administrator in a thriving community. His image was tarnished somewhat this year when it was revealed that he paid no federal income taxes in 1980 and that he was living rent-free in an apartment supplied by wealthy friends.

Jeff Bingaman

Jeff Bingaman is a bright young attorney, smart enough to stay out of the way while his adversaries do themselves in. That is the path he followed on his way to the U.S. Senate.

In the Democratic primary, Bingaman got out of the way as his opponent, former governor Jerry Apodaca, fruitlessly attempted to fend off the Albuquerque Journal, which over the years published a number of articles portraying Apodaca as an unwitting tool of organized crime. Then, in the general election, Bingaman watched incumbent Republican Sen. Harrison H. Schmitt, the former astronaut whose Washington nickname was "Moonrock," crash-land amid a series of disastrous, and false, negative advertisements.

Bingaman, 39, the attorney general of New Mexico since 1978, was carried into office by his opponents' mistakes, and by disaffection with Republican economic policies in his traditionally Democratic state. He started the campaign by saying that he only wanted to tinker with Reagonomics, and ended up eager to dismantle much of it.

Born in El Paso and educated at Harvard College and Stanford University law school, Bingaman has developed a reputation as a cool, reserved, dull politician with a clean image. He received considerable support this year from environmental groups, who liked his opposition to federal nuclear waste and military proposals in the virgin lands of his state.

His history suggests that he will be a middle-of-the-road senator.

His position on Social Security is more flexible than those of many liberal Democrats; he thinks retirement check increases should be based on something other than the Consumer Price Index. He argues that cuts can be made in both the social entitlement programs and in defense spending. And he has indicated he would oppose large public works and government jobs programs unless the recession worsens in the next six to eight months.

Frank R. Lautenberg

"I wouldn't want to kid you," Frank Lautenberg once told a reporter. "I'm going to enjoy being known as 'The Senator.' " That comes as no surprise, since Lautenberg has enjoyed almost every step of his unlikely, and profitable, career.

Thirty years ago, after graduating from Columbia University with a business degree, Lautenberg got in on the ground floor of a fledgling computer services operation, Automatic Data Processing Inc. Today he says that ADP stands for "American Dream Personified." He is the chairman of the board now, earning a yearly salary of $416,000 for a company that last year had revenues of more than $669 million and a work force of 15,000.

Lautenberg, the son of a silk-mill worker in Paterson, was a political philanthropist for a decade or so before he decided to run for office himself. He made Nixon's "enemies list" in 1972 by contributing $90,000 to Democratic presidential nominee George McGovern, and helped finance the campaigns of several New Jersey liberals over the years. As a former chairman of the United Jewish Appeal and sponsor of a cancer center in Israel, his views on the Mideast were occasionally solicited by government officials in Washington, including former president Carter, who consulted with him before the Camp David talks.

Lautenberg is an unreformed liberal who opposes the MX missile and the B1 bomber, supports the nuclear freeze, believes that the defense budget can and should be cut, that corporations should be more heavily taxed, and that the third year of the Reagan tax cut should be eliminated for persons earning more than $40,000. He is a millionaire 12 times over, and spent several of those millions to be able to expound such views as "The Senator" from New Jersey.