Dr. Eugene F. Gonda, 74, a journalist, historian, professor and former employe of the Library of Congress, died of a heart ailment Dec. 12 at his home at Chatou, a suburb of Paris, where he had lived since 1978.

Dr. Gonda lived in the Washington area from 1952 to 1962, when he was a translator and cataloguer in the east European division of the Library of Congress, and again from 1965 to 1978, when he taught at Catonsville Community College.

He was a native of Hungary. He earned a diploma at the Institute of High International Studies in Geneva and a doctorate in history at the University of Grenoble in France. He moved to Paris in 1930, where he worked as a journalist until the German occupation of that city in 1940.

In 1943, he escaped to Geneva, where he was a reporter for the old International News Service. He later worked for INS in Germany. In 1950, he moved to New York and for the next two years worked for Radio Free Europe.

Dr. Gonda was the author of several historical works, including a book on the Treaty of Versailles, for which he received a silver medal for history from the French Academy last year.

Survivors include his wife, Martha, and a son, Joseph, both of Chatou; a daughter, Juliette Kragh of Oxon Hill; two brothers, Dr. Harry, of Irvine, Calif., and Dr. Laslo, of Israel, and three grandchildren.