Women and minorities in the federal work force again bore a disproportionate share of the layoffs and other job actions that have grown out of Reagan administration budget cuts, according to a congressional survey of a three-month period released yesterday.

And the Washington-area, with about 12.5 percent of the federal work force, was again the hardest hit region in the nation, bearing nearly a quarter of the actions related to reductions in force, according to the survey conducted by the Federal Government Service Task Force.

The results paralleled previous surveys by the same task force.

Rep. Michael D. Barnes (D-Md.), who is chairman of the task force, called on President Reagan yesterday to halt the layoffs with a moratorium, asserting that the federal government should not add unnecessarily to an unemployment rate that already stands at 10.8 percent.

A spokesman for the Office of Personnel Management said Director Donald Devine would have no comment on the survey because he had not seen a copy of it.

A total of 1,393 federal employes were laid off nationwide in the three months ending in June 1982, according to the survey. More than half of those were women, although women make up less than a third of the federal work force. More than a third of those laid off were minorities, although they make up less than a fifth of the work force, the survey said.

Women often lack the seniority that male employes have accumulated by virtue of longer employment and preference given for military service. Minorities also often lack seniority.

Along with the layoffs, there were 2,228 other job actions related to RIFs (reductions in force), including the placement of higher level employes into jobs with lower GS ratings and the movement of employes laterally to new jobs.

The task force also found that federal employes at grade 8 and below were bearing a larger proportion of the RIFs--58 percent--than those in the higher grades.

Robert Honig, task force director, attributed that to a "ripple effect," in which higher level employes were downgraded in the earlier rounds of RIFs, swelling the ranks of those in the lower level positions and forcing some of them from their jobs.

Barnes said he was concerned about the new rounds of RIFs hitting these middle-level employes.

"This severe disruption among our most upwardly mobile workers, many who planned longterm civil service careers, may force remaining employes to reassess their career goals and drive many out of federal government service," he said.

A huge proportion of the 1,393 layoffs occurred in three government agencies: 500 of them in the Agriculture Department, 415 in the Labor Department and 286 at Interior, according to the survey.