Toby Moffett wants a job covering the Yankees and Red Sox during spring training camp. Margaret M. Heckler is looking for something with a law firm. Thomas B. Evans Jr. is "considering several options."

Harrison H. (Jack) Schmitt has sold his red pickup and moved to Albuquerque. Clint Roberts is back on his ranch in South Dakota, and Robert W. Daniel Jr. on his 4,500-acre plantation in Virginia.

All are among the casualties of '82, the political losers, stripped of titles, offices, staff and clout. Forty-one senators and House members, the majority of them first-term Republicans, lost in the November elections; more than half are unemployed and trying to readjust to life as outsiders looking in.

The Reagan administration has promised to take care of a few, although only one appointment is official. Don H. Clausen, a 10-term House member from California, is set as director of special programs at the Federal Aviation Administration.

According to White House sources, at least five former congressmen have been promised consulting jobs with the government until something better opens up. They are:

Eugene V. Atkinson, a Pennsylvania Democrat who switched parties, at the Commerce Department; Roberts and Tom Hagedorn, a four-termer from Minnesota, at the Agriculture Department; Jim Dunn, a one-termer from Michigan, at the Federal Home Loan Bank Board, and David Michael Staton, a one-termer from West Virginia, at the Interior Department.

Paul Findley, an eight-term Republican, is being considered as chairman of the Board for International Food and Agriculture Development at the Agency for International Development. Findley is also considering a teaching job at Sangamon State University in his old Illinois district.

Other "formers" have landed on the Washington lobbying circuit, trading connections for big bucks.

Tom Railsback, defeated in his Republican primary, has become executive vice president of the Motion Picture Association. William C. Wampler, a nine-term Virginia congressman, has set up his own consulting and lobbying firm. Robin L. Beard, a Tennessee congressman defeated in a Senate bid, has become a consultant with a firm specializing in defense and trade matters.

The connections are obvious.

Beard was the fourth-ranking Republican on the Armed Services Committee; Wampler, now soliciting agribusiness clients, was ranking Republican on the Agriculture Committee. Railsback, who will quarterback the movie industry's fight for copyright protection against home video recorders, was second-ranking Republican on the Judiciary Committee, where that battle will be fought.

The two defeated senators, Schmitt of New Mexico and Howard W. Cannon (D-Nev.), also plan to go into the consulting-lobbying business.

But most of the "formers" said last week that they were still searching for ways to parlay congressional experience into big dollars or a position of influence in the administration.

"I'm out looking for a job," said Peter A. Peyser, a New York Democrat. "I'm talking with some national associations, some consulting firms and some executive search firms. But so far it's just talk.

"For someone with my background and Washington experience, it should work out very well," he added confidently. "I'm looking at very top-level jobs, so it's going to take a couple months."

It is a frustrating, trying time. Some "formers" are preparing their first resume in decades, going to their first job interview since leaving college.

Although most are reluctant to mention it, they still feel the pains of defeat and rejection. Wendell Bailey, a Missouri Republican, said he shocked many of his colleagues by admitting this at a final gathering of GOP freshmen before Congress adjourned.

This was the class that was swept into office with the 1980 Reagan landslide. Thirteen had lost their seats, but most were full of bravado, talk of old victories and new challenges. Not Bailey. When he spoke, he borrowed words from an old song: "It's my party, and I'll cry if I want to," he said.

Bailey has returned to his auto dealership in Willow Springs, Mo., a town of 2,000 in the Ozarks, where he said business "is at its low point."

"You always have some idea that they'll have a job that nobody else can handle, and there'll be a call," he said. "You wait and you wait, but it never happens. I feel like that general at Camp Swampy in the 'Beetle Bailey' comic strip. No one ever calls me."

A lot of other "formers," job hunts delayed by the lame-duck congressional session, are also waiting.

"You learn to laugh a little and cry a little," said Arlen Erdahl, a two-termer from Minnesota. Twenty years in elected office, with a Harvard degree and a promising political future back home, he thinks he has a lot to offer some employer. But so far, there have been no takers. His 6-year-old daughter, Kari, has even suggested that he work in the cafeteria at her school.

Erdahl, a moderate Republican critical of Reagan's defense buildups and cuts in domestic spending, has talked to the administration about jobs in the Education Department, where he got the cold shoulder, and the Peace Corps, where his reception was warmer.

"I've had a certain streak of independence, and I'm not sure if the administration will tolerate it," said Erdahl, who also has three children in college.

The administration insists that all defeated Republican congressmen, moderates and conservatives alike, are being treated as equals. "We're not taking notes or comparing voting records," a White House aide said.

But the White House makes no secret that a handful of "formers" is more equal than others. This group includes Atkinson, who switched to the Republican Party with great fanfare, and early Reagan supporters such as Hagedorn of Minnesota, Evans of Delaware, and John H. Rousselot of California.

Evans had been mentioned as a possible transportation secretary and has turned down an appointment as ambassador to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. He is "now considering several offers" from law firms, according to an aide.

Atkinson said he had been promised a consulting job at the Commerce Department until a spot opens up on an independent board or agency. Hagedorn, promised a similar interim consulting spot, has been mentioned as a replacement for Seely Lodwick as undersecretary of agriculture for international affairs and commodity programs. As for Rousselot, "he'll be taken care of," a White House aide said.

Jobs offered some "formers," however, have been less than impressive. Heckler, the only defeated GOP congresswoman, has rejected several posts as unacceptable, including assistant administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, according to sources. At least six other defeated GOP congressmen say they are interested in a government job.

Schmitt, the only defeated Republican senator, says he rejected a minor ambassadorship, a third-level job at the Interior Department and the directorship of the National Air and Space Museum.

Like many other younger losers, Schmitt, a former astronaut, has returned to his home-state base "to watch the political situation develop." He says he is eyeing a race for the Senate in 1988 or for governor in 1986.

Bob Shamansky, a one-term Democrat, has returned to his law practice in Columbus, Ohio. Ronald M. Mottl, a veteran Democrat challenged in the primary because of his support of Reagan's programs in 1981 and defeated, has returned to his law practice in Cleveland and hopes to hook up with a Washington firm.

John L. Napier, a one-term Republican and former legislative aide to Sen. Strom Thurmond (R-S.C.), said he is joining a law firm in his hometown of Bennettsville, S.C.

Lawrence J. DeNardis, a one-term Republican, has returned to his home in Hamden, Conn. His former Democratic House colleague, Toby Moffett, defeated in a Senate race, also plans to move back after a vacation in Hawaii.

Moffett, according to his former press secretary, William Blacklow, "is still in semi-shell shock" and has "put together a short-term package" of jobs. He will write a book, teach a class at Yale University, a class at a consortium of New Haven colleges, be a cohost on a nightly Cable News Network show in February with the conservative Patrick Buchanan and write magazine articles.

Blacklow said Moffett was also negotiating a deal with some radio stations to fulfill a childhood dream: covering the spring training camps of the Boston Red Sox and the New York Yankees.