"The German SS and the collaborators came to our house. The German SS pointed at me and said to my mother, 'Who is this?' She said, 'This is my little boy.' He said, 'Mitkommen,' which means come along. My mother gave me a lunch pail to take with me. She said, 'Maybe you will get some food.' She did not know that we would not be coming back."

--Sam Sherron, 51. Born in Lithuania; imprisoned at Auschwitz, Dachau and Muldorf. His mother and two sisters were killed.

"My father was a lumber and furniture manufacturer. He bribed people to get us false papers and to hide us in the homes of Gentiles. I went to Protestant schools. I was an altar boy. We were betrayed by the daughter of the people that were hiding us. She wasn't mad at us. She wanted money; it was strictly business. She was paid much less than 30 pieces of silver."

--Mark Rubin, 46, Beverly Hills banker. Born in Sabinov, Czechoslovakia. Imprisoned at Theresienstadt.

"In the Lodz ghetto, the Germans threw babies from the fourth floor of the hospital into a truck. Our job was to pick up the babies that missed the truck and throw them in."

--Adam Tems, 72, Jamison, Pa., electrical engineer. Born in Lodz, Poland. Imprisoned in Lodz ghetto, Auschwitz and Dachau.

"My son and wife. She was 18 years old. I remember one day outdoors with them in the Bedzin ghetto . They were sitting outside and he stretched out his arms to me. And she said, 'Take him, you don't know how long you'll be able to hold him in your arms.'

"There was a roundup and my wife and child were hiding in an underground, secret bunker. They came out and I said, 'Why did you come out?' And she said because the baby was crying and his wife didn't want to jeopardize the other people. It was daytime, June 23, '43. We were segregated by age. There was shooting all over."

--Victor Cooper, 68, retired New York auditor. Born in Poland; imprisoned in several camps in Poland and Germany.