An article yesterday incorrectly reported that the Eisenhower administration revoked the passport of scientist Linus Pauling. The passport was revoked by the State Department in 1952, during the Truman administration, and was restored in 1954.
Dr. Linus Pauling, the only American scientist holding two of the Soviet Union's highest honors, has cabled Soviet leader Yuri V. Andropov asking him to let the ailing Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov emigrate.
Pauling also cabled the famed Soviet physicist--in exile in Gorki as a "slanderer and renegade" who "blurted out" state secrets to westerners--offering Sakharov a post at the Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine in Palo Alto, Calif.
Twice winner of the Nobel Prize--for chemistry and for peace--Pauling is the only non-Soviet who has received both the Lenin International Peace Prize and the Lomonosov Medal, the Soviet Union's highest scientific honor.
He is also probably the American scientist most highly regarded in the Soviet Union. His crusade against nuclear weapons, nuclear fallout and armaments made him welcome behind the Iron Curtain in the Cold War years, when the Eisenhower administration ultimately revoked his passport for what it considered pro-Soviet activities.
Explaining his efforts on behalf of Sakharov, Pauling said:
"I think the Soviet Union would be a lot better off....I think there's more chance of having detente and good international relations if the Soviet Union would not invoke the crime of seditious libel against Sakharov , which of course governments do when they get into difficulties--making it a crime to criticize the government."
"I feel sympathy for Sakharov as a person who gets into trouble for criticizing his own country," Pauling said, "because you remember I got into trouble."
Pauling sent the cables on May 27, addressing the message to Sakharov in care of the U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences.
He said he has not been able to learn whether Sakharov received his invitation. Sakharov's wife, Yelena Bonner, has told reporters she and her husband had heard nothing of similar invitations sent Sakharov by the University of Vienna and the Norwegian government on behalf of Oslo University.
She said she fears that either he will die of his serious heart disease unless he is allowed to leave Gorki to be treated in the Academy of Sciences' hospital in Moscow, or "they will kill him."
Pauling cabled Sakharov, the physicist given major credit for developing the Soviet H-bomb:
"The Linus Pauling Institute...offers you an appointment as research associate in theoretical physics. We can discuss details of the appointment later. With all good wishes, Linus Pauling."
Pauling cabled Andropov:
"We have offered Andrei Sakharov a position as research associate at the Linus Pauling Institute....We hope that arrangements can be made for Prof. Sakharov to emigrate. With personal regards, Linus Pauling."
An unceasing opponent of the arms race--though never, he has said, an advocate of communism or Marxism--Pauling, 82, spoke in Moscow in late December, when he found himself apparently the only American other than diplomats invited by the Supreme Soviet to a celebration of the 60th anniversary of the founding of the Soviet Union.
"I criticize the United States for increasing military expenditures because I am an American," Pauling said later.
"I think it's better that I criticize than that foreigners criticize.
"So Sakharov may have the same feeling, that it's up to him to criticize the Soviet Union."
Pauling's passport was restored after he won the Nobel chemistry prize in 1954. He won the Nobel peace prize in 1962.