Spanish Premier Felipe Gonzalez called the delegation heads of the deadlocked conference on East-West issues to his private residence today and issued a statement containing compromise proposals aimed at bringing the marathon meeting to an end.
As premier of the nation hosting the conference, meant to review adherence to the 1975 Helsinki accords, Gonzalez said he was making "specific proposals on how to end the meeting on a positive note." Stressing that the 2 1/2-year meeting was at an impasse, he said the package was presented to fellow government leaders of the 35 attending nations "in the hope that it will be accepted in its totality."
The Spanish proposals were based on a compromise document to end the meeting presented by the conference's neutral and nonaligned nations. That draft concluding document has been at the center of the stalemate as it has sharply highlighted East-West differences over human rights. Consensus is necessary to achieve a final document.
Gonzalez's statement attempted to steer a middle course between western attempts to amend the draft document with language that strengthens human rights commitments and the East Bloc's refusal to allow any changes.
Gonzalez's compromise package included backing for a 1986 meeting in Switzerland to discuss human contacts. Such a meeting, which has been championed by the western camp at Madrid, would develop the humanitarian issue of family reunifications, which was a cornerstone of the final act of the 1975 Helsinki conference. The proposals made no reference to the issue of radio jamming. The East Bloc has angrily rejected western attempts to include safeguards for broadcasting in the Madrid meeting's concluding document.
The Spanish initiative also dealt with disagreements over language in the draft final document that makes a veiled reference to the so-called Helsinki monitors--the human rights activists who have been harassed in Eastern Europe.
The draft as its stands calls on the participating states at the conference "to encourage genuine and positive efforts to implement the final act." The Western Bloc has moved to have "genuine and positive" struck, saying that as construed in Eastern Europe the words would reinforce official action against private human rights groups. Such language nuances have bedeviled the meeting. Gonzalez suggested that "positive" be dropped and "genuine" retained.
The Spanish premier suggested that a European security conference, which is linked to the Madrid review, be convened in January instead of November as originally proposed. Gonzalez said the new date was due to the lack of time for adequate preparations. But the result of the proposed postponement of what is formally known as the Conference on Confidence-Building Measures and Disarmament in Europe would be to convene it after the scheduled start of NATO's planned missile deployment in December.
U.S. delegation chief Max M. Kampelman said the Spanish initiative was "warmly welcomed" and would be forwarded to President Reagan. Gonzalez is due to travel to Washington on Monday for talks with Reagan.