Nicaragua appeared before the Security Council today to charge that the CIA was behind last week's rebel air strikes against its territory.

U.S. officials did not reply in the council meeting--at which Nicaraguan Deputy Foreign Minister Victor Hugo Tinoco was the only speaker. Afterward, however, American representative Charles Lichenstein called the charges "nonsense."

Tinoco distributed to council members and reporters photocopies of documents said to have been found on the pilot Agustin Roman, who was shot down after bombing the Managua airport Sept. 8.

The documents included a multiple-entry permit to the United States, a resident alien card, a Social Security card, a Florida driver's license with a Miami address, credit cards, a pilot's license and logs showing flights to Central America.

These documents, Tinoco said, showed the American help given to Roman in carrying out his counterrevolutionary activities. Lichenstein said that "no one denied that this man operated out of the United States. But there was nothing suspect or interesting about that."

The most intriguing document was a printed card listing American officials at the U.S. Embassy in Costa Rica, on the reverse of which was written a telephone extension for a "David Anthony" at the embassy, and an appointment to meet him in the "Texas Burger Restaurant" in the nearby suburb of Moravia.

A call to that extension was answered by a secretary who, when asked for David Anthony, asked in turn: "Who is calling?" A man then got on the telephone and said this was the embassy's political section, but there was no David Anthony there. He would not give his name.

Tinoco charged that "war continues to be at the heart of Reagan administration policy in Central America." He did not ask for U.N. action.