Poland walked out of the International Labor Organization today after the organization's governing body voted to "take note" of a report criticizing the Polish government's policies toward the Solidarity trade union movement.

"Poland already has been forced to remove its cooperation from the ILO," Ukrainian delegate Gennadi Oudovenko said. "Since the governing body has now taken note of this tendentious and unwarranted report, Poland is forced to leave the ILO."

Poland is not a member of the governing body and therefore could not speak at the meeting. Under the U.N. system, not only the Soviet Union but also the Soviet constituent republics of the Ukraine and Byelorussia are entitled to full votes.

The governing body voted 31 to 10 with 12 abstentions to "take note" of the critical report, which was released in June over Soviet Bloc objections.

The report, compiled by a three-member commission of inquiry headed by Nicolas Valticos of Greece, was strongly critical of the Polish government's handling of labor relations in the past four years, and in particular of its refusal to resume a dialogue with Solidarity, which is now outlawed.

The commission held all its meetings in Geneva after the Polish authorities refused to cooperate with it.

If it formally confirms Oudovenko's statement, Poland will be the second Soviet Bloc country to withdraw from the ILO in the past three years, after Vietnam in 1982.

In announcing the Polish withdrawal, Oudovenko said other Soviet Bloc countries "wish to express their solidarity and support, and will consider the necessary measures to be taken as a consequence." ILO sources said they did not take this to mean that other Soviet Bloc countries would follow the Polish example.