Astronaut Donald Peterson will resign from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration at the end of the year. Peterson, 50, was selected as an astronaut in 1969 and rode aboard the shuttle Challenger in April 1983.

During that mission, Peterson and crewmate Story Musgrave made the first shuttle spacewalk.

Peterson, a retired Air Force colonel, plans to work as an aerospace industry consultant, NASA officials said.

At the Transportation Department, Dr. Frank Hutches Austin Jr. has been appointed federal air surgeon for the Federal Aviation Administration.

Austin, who served as medical director and project manager with the Kelsey-Seybold Clinic in Houston, succeeds Dr. Homer L. Reighard, who retired Sept. 30 after 29 years with the FAA.

At the Federal Railroad Administration, Raymond J. Rogers has been appointed associate administrator for administration. Rogers has served with the agency since 1976.

Ronald A. Nervitt has been appointed assistant commissioner for information systems of the Treasury Department's Financial Management Service.

Nervitt was technical director for the Naval Intelligence Command.

He will be responsible for developing and implementing a wide range of advanced techniques for transferring funds and financial information electronically.

At the Labor Department, James W. Kight has been named director of the Employment Standards Administration's Office of Management, Administration and Planning.

Kight has served as acting director since September 1983.

And Jose Carlos (Charlie) Gomez has joined the department as executive assistant to Frank C. Casillas, assistant secretary for employment and training. Gomez is a former president of the National Economic Development Association.