Ivan Arkhipov, first deputy Soviet premier, will visit the People's Republic of China later this month, the Soviet news agency Tass announced early this morning.

The visit comes seven months after a planned earlier visit by Arkhipov to Peking was canceled shortly after President Reagan visited there.

The visit had been expected to be rescheduled, but today's announcement was the first official confirmation. Tass gave no date for Arkhipov's arrival in Peking, saying only he would be there "in the third decade of December."

Arkhipov will be the highest Soviet official to go to Peking since Premier Alexei Kosygin met at the Peking airport with Prime Minister Chou Enlai in 1969. Arkhipov, an expert in economics, served in China in the 1950s before the break in Sino-Soviet relations.

The indefinite postponement of Arkhipov's last visit was taken as a sign of Soviet displeasure with Peking's warming relations with the United States.

Earlier this month, another Soviet delegation to Peking, headed by Vice Foreign Minister Leonid Ilyichev, agreed to continue negotiations on normalizing Sino-Soviet relations in economic, cultural and other fields.

But an influential Soviet journal last month issued a harsh attack on China's foreign and domestic policies in an article reviewing Sino-Soviet relations over the past 35 years.

The article, appearing in International Life, accused China of using a double standard in dealing with the United States and the Soviet Union, specifically accusing Peking of raising "artificial" impediments in its talks with Moscow.