The U.S. Agency for International Development said yesterday that it will not renew funding for the private International Planned Parenthood Federation because the latter finances abortion-related services in other countries.
U.S. funds, administered through AID, were expected to be about $17 million for fiscal 1985, about 30 percent of the IPPF's proposed $55 million budget. Federal funding for fiscal 1984 was about $14 million and expires Dec. 31.
"Under U.S. policy outlined at the International Conference on Population in 1984, the United States will no longer contribute to separate nongovernmental organizations which perform or actively promote abortion as a method of family planning in other nations," an AID statement said.
"The secretary general of IPPF informed AID Administrator M. Peter McPherson that IPPF refused to comply with that policy in order to be eligible to receive funds," it said.
McPherson said, "I hope that IPPF would reconsider its position. The administration's policy was firm and was carefully considered when established."
The world's second-largest private volunteer organization, the IPPF is a group of indigenous, independent national family-planning associations in 119 nations. They contribute more than 90 percent of the organization's budget with the rest coming from private sources. Most of the budget is for family planning in Third World nations.
AID's action is based on U.S. law, which since 1973 has prohibited use of U.S. funds for abortion-related activities, a spokesman for the Population Crisis Committee said. The PCC is a coordinating group for family-planning organizations.
A PCC spokesman said pressure by anti-abortion groups caused the AID turnabout.
About .5 percent of IPPF's budget is for such abortion-related activities as sending people to conferences on abortion and family planning and treating the effects of illegal abortions, said PCC spokesman Kathleen Mazzocco. No U.S. money is used for this.
"In the United States, family planning is primarily birth control," she said. "In the Third World, it's health maintainence and spacing of childbirths."
In a letter to McPherson, IPPF Secretary General Bradman Weerakoon said, "The IPPF has not in the past, and does not now, perform or actively promote abortion as a method of family planning in other nations. It has consistently advocated that contraception is the first line of defence against unwanted pregnancy."
Weerakoon said, "IPPF is alive to the sensitivities of governments to the subject" and "has been scrupulous in observing your requirements under law that 'no funds will be used to support abortion related activities.'
"Any curtailment of funding for family-planning programmes at this juncture will inevitably result in a substantial increase in the number of abortions globally, especially unsafe abortions among the poor and the disadvantaged," he added.