Forty-one of the 189 affiliates of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America operate abortion clinics, according to Cynthia Hammett, the federation's vice president for communications. In this area, Planned Parenthood refers women to abortion clinics, but does not operate such clinics itself, Hammett said. It was stated incorrectly yesterday that the Planned Parenthood Federation of America does not operate abortion clinics.

The early-morning bombing of an abortion clinic in far Southeast Washington yesterday prompted new fear among clinic owners and repeated requests that President Reagan, the FBI and other federal forces take action to stop the nationwide violence against abortion clinics.

The blast, which occurred shortly after midnight, caused extensive damage inside the Hillcrest Women's Surgi-Center at 3233 Pennsylvania Ave. SE and broke more than 230 windows in two apartment buildings across the street. Shards of glass fell into dozens of apartments, but no injuries were reported.

"It sounded like a war was going on," said Elease Clark, 65, who said she had just finished praying about the New Year when her bedroom window collapsed shortly after midnight.

Agents for the federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) said a man sought in connection with the earlier bombings here may also have information regarding yesterday's bombing.

The ATF released a composite sketch of the man on Dec. 28. Agents would not say yesterday if they suspected the bombings were committed by the same person or persons.

"He's not a suspect but we believe he has some vital information," ATF spokesman said of the man pictured in the drawing. "We won't know for sure if we're dealing with the same group until we've solved each case."

In the aftermath of the bombing -- the area's fourth in two months -- Mayor Marion Barry and the Rev. Jerry Falwell traded barbs over the role of antiabortion leaders in condemning the violence that has struck 24 abortion facilities nationwide in 1984 alone.

A tuxedoed Barry inspected the bombed clinic along with his wife Effi about 2:45 a.m. yesterday. "I'm outraged," the mayor said. "Now it's a clinic, next time a house, a synagogue or a church. Those who have a disagreement philosophically with the abortion issue ought to come out strongly against the bombings . The Jerry Falwells of the world ought to condemn this type of terrorist activity."

Falwell, through a spokesman, later rejoined, "I am personally offended by your sarcastic and uninformed appeal to prolife leaders to condemn such activity. I repeat, we have done this for years. You either are unaware of this fact or worse."

ATF agents said the destruction yesterday was caused when a bomb was placed on a window sill outside the one-story brick clinic. Interior offices along the east side of the building were heavily damaged. No damage estimate was available.

Federal investigators said they have not determined the type of explosive used in yesterday's bombing, or the manner in which it was detonated. Hill said the remains of the device and other physical evidence found yesterday have been taken to the ATF laboratory in Rockville for further analysis.

The for-profit clinic, which is operated by Dr. Michael A. Jackson, Dr. Earl McLeod and two other doctors, has been in its present location since July 1983. Before it moved next to a 7-Eleven store on the edge of the Hillcrest residential area, the 14-year-old clinic was in the nearby Penn-Branch Shopping Center.

"We are outraged and angry," said clinic spokeswoman Joanna Cannon. "We exist here legally and those who choose to express their opinions with bombing are criminal and wrong."

Cannon said that since the clinic opened, "we have gotten picketers, hate mail and bomb threats," but that no unusual activity was noted recently by any of the clinic's 15 employes. The clinic was protected by barred windows and an alarm system, but as in the rest of the 11 abortion clinics in the metropolitan area, security guards were not used.

"We'll be meeting with all the abortion providers this week to again go over what we can do on security," said Rosann Wisman, executive director of Planned Parenthood of Metropolitan Washington, whose Rockville clinic was bombed Nov. 19. "It's very difficult to prevent this sort of terrorist approach."

Clinic owners, abortion rights advocates and women's groups throughout the country expressed anger over the latest bombing and urged stronger federal efforts to end the violence.

"We urge all Americans to call upon President Reagan to put the full force of the U.S. government behind efforts to seek out, identify and curtail these criminal activities," said a spokeswoman for Faye Wattleton , president of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America Inc., which does not operate abortion clinics, but provides abortion counseling.

Wattleton and others have criticized the FBI for not getting involved in investigating the clinic bombings.

Lane Bonner, an FBI spokesman, said the agency is not involved because there has been no evidence of a conspiracy. "These incidents are being aggressively investigated by the U.S. Treasury Department's Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms and they have primary jurisdiction," Bonner said. "If we found evidence of an organized group, then we would be the lead agency. But we have no evidence of any organized conspiratorial enterprise."

As in other abortion bombings, a man saying he was part of a group named the Army of God claimed responsibility for the blast. In a telephone call to The Washington Times yesterday, the caller said an Ohio abortion clinic will be bombed.

The caller, according to bureau spokesman Tom Hill, said, "We don't think the FBI will be called in. They will provide support for us . . . . "

But Hill discounted the call, saying the agency believes that only three men are members of the Army of God. Two were arrested and jailed in the 1982 bombing of the St. Petersburg, Fla., Women's Health Center and the third is jailed in a 1982 Northern Virginia bombing. "We don't think they are involved," Hill said. "There doesn't seem to be any national conspiracy."

The bureau is offering a $10,000 reward for information leading to the arrest and conviction of those involved in the bombing incidents in the Washington area.

The area's latest bombing alarmed the clinic's neighbors and supporters.

Square Bynum, who lives in a brick house next to Banks' apartment building, said he was in bed watching New Year's Eve festivities on television when he felt his house shake. "By the time I got outside," he said, "gray smoke was pouring out of the clinic. Some bystanders told me some gentleman drove off in a van, squealing his tires, just before the bomb." Bynum said he was not familiar with the bystanders and no one else in the quickly assembled crowd on Pennsylvania Avenue had seen such a van.

"It was a very dangerous act," said Bynum. "That's a bus stop right in front of the clinic. This is a neighborhood."

Eight workmen for the Willoughby Real Estate Co., which owns the two apartment and office buildings, started replacing windows at an expected cost of more than $6,000.

Judith Waxman, a board member of the Women's Medical Center, a clinic that performs abortions in the District, said the bombing is a serious threat to women's health and right of free choice. "I'm equally outraged that there's no nationwide, federal investigation going on," she said. "The statement has been made it's not terrorism. It sure looks like terrorism to me."