This report is based on data provided by LEGI-SLATE, a Washington Post Co. subsidiary.

This is a summary of recent congressional actions not reported elsewhere in The Post. BOTH HOUSES Petroleum Reserve

The Senate and House Energy committees approved legislation that would require the Energy Department to continue filling the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. The administration wants to stop filling the reserve for one year. The law authorizing the reserve expires June 30; the panels voted to extend it through June 1989. The measures also would expand antitrust exemptions for oil companies during energy emergencies. The House panel also attached a provision that would require the Energy Department to conduct a test sale of 1.1 million barrels of oil from the reserve within 180 days after the bill is enacted. (S979; HR1699) SENATE 'Orphan' Drugs

The Senate passed, by voice vote, legislation that would extend for three years a program to encourage pharmaceutical companies to develop and produce "orphan drugs" to treat rare diseases. The bill would authorize $4 million a year for fiscal 1986-88 -- the current amount. The House Energy and Commerce Committee has approved a nearly identical measure. (S1147; May 23) Federal Reserve

The Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee approved, in a 10-to-3 vote, the nomination of Martha Seger to the Federal Reserve Board. Some Democrats contended that Seger has few qualifications for the job; she joined the board last year as a recess appointment. Seger has been an economics professor and a Michigan banking regulator. (May 21) HOUSE Veterans' Programs

The House, by voice vote, passed four bills concerning veterans' issues:

* Elderly veterans:

* The House passed legislation that would make it easier to care for veterans in community nursing homes and would authorize $150 million in grants for fiscal 1986-88 for state veterans' homes.

* Employment: The House voted to extend a job-training program for Vietnam-era veterans, authorzing $75 million for fiscal 1986 and extending the deadline for entering the program from Feb. 28 to Dec. 31. In 1983 Congress passed a two-year, $300 million authorization for the program. The bill would also amend the 1970 Veterans Readjustment Act to allow disabled Vietnam veterans with more than 14 years of education to be given preference over nondisabled veterans for civil service jobs.

* Benefits: The House passed legislation that would liberalize benefits for veterans with lung problems and would increase insurance coverage under certain plans. The bill also would require the Veterans Administration to maintain a full-service office in each state.

* Housing: The House also approved a measure that would allow eligible, partially disabled veterans to use disability funds to buy homes modified for the handicapped. Currently, only severely disabled veterans are eligible. The bill also would require the VA to submit a plan for expanding the National Cemetery System and would establish a cemetery in Merced, Calif. (HR505/ HR1408/ HR2343/ HR2344; May 20, 21)

% Arms Control Agency

By voice vote, the House authorized an additional $1.9 million in fiscal 1985 for the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, money the agency says it needs for expenses incurred because of the resumption of arms talks between the United States and the Soviet Union. The supplemental funds would bring the total 1985 authorization to $23.7 million. The bill also would authorize $25.6 million annually for the agency in fiscal 1986 and fiscal 1987. (HR2456; May 21) Supplemental Funds

The Appropriations Committee approved a $13.4 billion package of supplemental funds for fiscal 1985 that includes about $4.7 billion for 66 new water projects. The funds for the projects may provoke a presidential veto; the administration would rather have local communities pay more of the cost of such projects. The legislation also includes $1.5 billion in additional economic aid for Israel and $500,000 for Egypt. (No bill number yet; May 21) Daylight Saving Time

An Energy subcommittee approved legislation that would extend Daylight Saving Time, a move supporters say would save energy. Under the bill, Daylight Saving Time would start on the third Sunday in March and last until the first Sunday in November. Previous attempts to change the hours have been opposed by farm-state representatives, who say it would force farmers to work in the dark and endanger school children. (HR2095; May 22)