Carolyn B. Kuhl is among those most likely to be disappointed about the Senate Judiciary Committee's rejection of William Bradford Reynolds as associate attorney general. The conservative Kuhl, deputy chief of the department's Civil Division, was widely reported to be in line for Reynolds' job as assistant attorney general for civil rights. Kuhl's hopes of moving up could be stalled if Reynolds sticks to his announced plans to stay in the civil rights job, despite the no-confidence vote in the Senate. Of course, the job of associate attorney general is still open. RAJNEESHEE SUIT . . . The followers of Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, based in the small town of Rajneeshpuram, Ore., recently filed a civil lawsuit against Attorney General Edwin Meese III, the Immigration and Naturalization Service and several INS officials, charging them with religious discrimination and harassment.

The complaint, filed in U.S. District Court in Portland, Ore., charges that the State Department and the INS have been involved in a "broad-ranging and impermissible program to monitor, gather information about and interfere with the secular and religious activities" of the Rajneeshee commune, which was started in 1981.

The Rajneeshees cite an internal INS memo, dated April 8, 1983, stating that, "Perhaps this is wishful thinking but . . . pressure applied by the service [INS]. . . may cause them [Rajneeshees] to pick up stakes and leave the United States."

The suit claims that Rajneeshees seeking U.S. entry visas have been discriminated against, that INS agents have entered Rajneeshee property without search warrants and conducted improper surveillance and that Rajneeshee travel, financial transactions and political activities have been monitored.

The Rajneeshees have asked the court to rule that the actions of the INS are unconstitutional and to issue a permanent injunction ordering the INS to end its scrutiny of the Rajneeshees' activities.

The INS has made no comment on the lawsuit. NAMES AND FACES . . . Richard K. Willard, assistant attorney general in charge of the Civil Division, recently received an award from the Public Employees Roundtable for improving productivity in his division. The Roundtable, a coalition of 24 managerial and employe organizations, credited the division with saving $205 million through the use of computers, cost-effective contracting and streamlined staffing . . . Lee F. Laster, assistant director of the FBI's New York office, has retired . . . Comedian Bill Cosby has agreed to participate in an FBI-sponsored video production on missing children. FACTS AND FIGURES . . . Bombing incidents in the United States increased by 17 percent last year, according to FBI Director William H. Webster. Meanwhile, the number of actual and attempted bombings by terrorists dropped from 22, in 1983, to 13, in 1984. Of the 803 bombing attempts last year, bombs detonated about 80 percent of the time.

On another front, the number of state and federal prisoners reached an all-time high of 463,866 last year, the 10th consecutive year that it has increased. MUSICAL CHAIRS . . . The Justice Department press office finally moved last week and reporters were ejected from their fifth-floor press room across the hall from the suite of offices occupied by Meese.

Reporters, who have contended that they will have less access to Meese in their new first-floor quarters, have resisted the move. One group of wire service reporters recently boycotted a previously scheduled lunch with the attorney general to show their displeasure.