This is a summary of recent congressional actions not reported elsewhere in The Post. $&%BOTH HOUSES Commercial Satellites

The House and Senate, by voice vote, approved a $295 million authorization to help a private firm take over the operation of the government's land remote-sensing (Landsat) satellites, which take detailed pictures of the Earth for crop, water and other types of surveys. The money is part of an agreement between the Earth Observation Satellite Co., which will take over Landsat operations, and the Commerce Department. The money would pay for the construction of two new Landsat satellites and a ground station for EOSAT. (HR2800; June 24, June 26) HOUSE Suing the Government

The House approved, by voice vote, legislation that would require the government to pay the attorneys' fees of individuals, small businesses and small municipalities that prevail in administrative or civil proceedings when it can be demonstrated that the government's position was "substantially unjustified." To be eligible, individuals would have to have a net worth of less than $2 million and businesses and local governments would have to employ fewer than 500 people. Reagan vetoed a similar bill last year, claiming it was written so broadly that it would invite lengthy lawsuits. But the White House now supports this more specific version. The legislation would extend the program indefinitely. About $4 million was paid out during the first three years under the old law, which expired last year. (HR2378; June 24) Farm Bankruptcy

The House passed legislation that would allow more farmers to file for bankruptcy under more lenient provisions of the federal bankruptcy law. Because their debt is so large, most family farmers now must file under the tougher provisions of Chapter 11 of the bankruptcy code. By voice vote, the House agreed to raise the debt ceiling of Chapter 13 of the code from $350,000 to $1 million for family farmers, allowing more of them to take advantage of its simpler and more generous provisions. The administration opposes the bill, saying it would undermine the bankruptcy laws. (HR2211; June 24) Drug Labeling

By voice vote, the House passed a bill that would allow drug manufacturers to place a label of approval from the Food and Drug Administration on their products. The ban on "FDA-approved" labels was instituted to prevent manufacturers from misrepresenting the label as an agency endorsement of their product, but the law has made it harder for doctors to determine if a drug has received government approval. (HR2244; June 24) Daylight Saving Time

The Energy and Commerce Committee approved, by voice vote, a bill that would extend Daylight Saving Time, a move supporters say would save energy. Under the measure, DST would start on the first Sunday in April and last until the first Sunday in November. Previous attempts to extend DST have run into opposition from farm-state lawmakers, who say it would force farmers to do more work in the dark and would endanger early-rising schoolchildren. (HR2095; June 25) Oil Spills

By voice vote, the Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee approved a bill that would establish a new comprehensive fund to compensate victims of oil spills by imposing a fee of 1.3 cents on every barrel of oil that is produced in the United States or imported in this country. The panel agreed that rebates would be paid to oil producers and importers once the fund reached $300 million. The bill would set new liability limits for oil tankers, pipelines and offshore oil wells. Victims of spills would be paid when the damage exceeds the new liability limits. (HR1232; June 26) 'Hate Crimes'

By voice vote, the Judiciary Committee approved a modified version of legislation that would require the FBI to keep track of so-called "hate crimes," such as religious or racial violence. The FBI opposed the original measure, which would have required the agency to list hate crimes in its Uniform Crime Reports. The new version would require the Justice Department to issue a report on the crimes, probably in the form of a report by the Attorney General. (HR2455; June 25) SENATE NASA Funds

By voice vote, the Senate approved a fiscal 1986 NASA authorization of $7.6 billion, an increase of $142 million above both this year's appropriation and the House-approved authorization. The increase for the most part would cover the cost of restoring the Reagan administration's proposed 5-percent pay cut for federal employes and provide additional funds for booster rockets. The two authorization bills are substantially different, however; the Senate approved cuts in specific programs while the House simply approved an across-the-board freeze for the entire NASA budget. The Senate spending ceiling is $234 million below the administration's request. (HR1714; June 27) Silent Prayer

A Judiciary subcommittee approved, 4 to 1, a proposed constitutional amendment that would permit silent prayer in public schools. The Supreme Court June 4 ruled that public schools may not set aside daily moments of silence for the purposes of praying. If approved by Congress, the amendment would have to be ratified by 38 states within seven years before it could take effect. (SJRes2; June 26)