A Federal Report item Monday incorrectly said that the House Education and Labor Committee had, by a party-line vote, approved a bill to give rights to laid-off employes. Rep. Thomas E. Petri (R-Wis.) joined committee Democrats in approving the legislation.

This is a summary of recent congressional actions not reported elsewhere in The Post. PRESIDENTIAL ACTION Crop Loans

Faced with the prospect of a cutoff in crop loans to farmers, President Reagan signed legislation providing $1 billion for the Agriculture Department's Commodity Credit Corp. to disburse as emergency crop loans. The CCC's authority to make the loans ran out July 17.

A fiscal 1985 supplemental funding bill contains $3.9 billion for CCC loans, but the measure is bogged down in a dispute over an unrelated issue. The $1 billion would be subtracted from the supplemental measure, once it became law. (HJRes342; July 24) SENATE Amusement Park Safety

The Senate rejected, 52 to 41, a proposal that would have given the Consumer Product Safety Commission the power to inspect rides at amusement parks. The Senate instead voted to set up a commission to study safety at fixed-site parks. Currently, the CPSC is authorized to regulate only traveling carnivals. The action came as the Senate approved, by voice vote, an authorization for the CPSC that would provide $35 million annually for fiscal 1986-87. (S1077; July 24) Health Professions

The Senate passed two bills reauthorizing funds for students pursuing medical careers. By voice vote, the Senate approved $54.1 million annually for fiscal 1986 through 1988 for several nursing education programs. The House authorization is slightly lower. The Senate also approved a three-year reauthorization for a program that provides federal aid and loan guarantees for students pursuing a number of medical professions.

The bill would set a spending ceiling of $141 million for fiscal 1986, the same as the House bill. But the Senate bill does not include House-passed increases of 5 percent for fiscal 1987-88. The administration opposes both bills. (HR2410, July 19; HR2370, July 22) HOUSE Veterans' Employment

The House passed, by voice vote, a measure that would prohibit federal agencies, including the U.S. Postal Service, from contracting out jobs such as guards, elevator operators, messengers and custodians if it would displace veterans who served between 1941 and 1976. The administration opposes the bill for restricting its ability to contract out, which it says can save money. An identical bill passed the House last year. (HR1802; July 22) SEC Regulation

The House approved a bill that would authorize the Securities and Exchange Commission to regulate the proxy activities of banks and other institutions that manage customers' finances. The measure would give the SEC the same authority over banks that it has over broker-dealer proxy activities.

The House, by voice vote, authorized $113.6 million in fiscal 1986 for the SEC -- $6.3 million above the administration's request -- and $116 million for 1987. Supporters argued that the higher levels are needed because the securities markets have boomed in recent years, while the SEC staff has decreased slightly. The administration opposes the bill because a provision would require the SEC to submit its budget requests to the White House and Congress at the same time. (HR1603, HR1602; July 22) Hate Crimes

By voice vote, the House passed a modified version of legislation that would require the Federal Bureau of Investigation to keep track of "hate crimes" such as violence directed at religious or minority groups. The FBI oppposed the original version of the bill, which would have required the agency to include hate crimes in its Uniform Crime Reports. The current version would require the FBI simply to publish an annual summary of such crimes. The Judiciary Committee estimates that it will cost $1 million a year to collect the information. (HR2455; July 22) Budget Blueprint

On a largely party-line, 242-to-184 vote, the House approved a Democratic-sponsored resolution that would require the House to cut the federal deficit by $56 billion, the amount specified in the House budget resolution.

Supporters said the measure was needed because of the inability of House-Senate negotiators to work out a budget compromise. But Republican opponents said the measure undermined the budget process and was meaningless. (HRes231; July 24) Labor Practices

The Education and Labor Committee, on a party-line, 20-to-12 vote, approved legislation that would require an employer to give 90 days' notice before permanently laying off 50 or more employes. The bill, opposed by the Labor Department, would also require the employer to consult with the employes' union on alternatives to layoffs or plant closings.

The panel also approved, by voice vote, legislation that would outlaw a practice construction companies use, called "double-breasting," to avoid complying with collective-bargaining agreements. A company would, for example, sign an agreement binding it to certain union wages. It would then set up a second company -- without union pacts -- to take on other projects. (HR1616, HR281; July 23)CHKCRDT: terminate composition