The Reagan administration yesterday criticized new security measures approved by the Israeli Cabinet Sunday for the occupied West Bank and asked that the measures not be implemented.

State Department spokesman Bernard Kalb, deploring acts of violence in "Israel and the occupied territories," said measures such as those adopted by the Israeli Cabinet are "likely to foster further tensions" rather than alleviate the problems.

"We regret the cabinet's decision and hope that these measures will not be implemented," Kalb said.

The measures include detention without trial and deportation of persons considered security risks.

If Israel goes ahead with such actions, State Department officials said, the United States may be forced to oppose them on grounds that they violate Geneva conventions limiting actions against peoples in occupied areas.

In a related statement, the State Department seemed to rebut reports from Israel that the Palestine Liberation Organization is establishing new command posts or military bases in Jordan.

In response to questions, a department statement said that King Hussein, following his February agreement with PLO leader Yasser Arafat, had agreed to permit establishment of "administrative -- as opposed to military -- offices in Jordan."

White House spokesman Larry Speakes also indicated U.S. opposition to proposals in Israel for military attacks on Palestinian centers in Jordan.

"Violence in this area serves no one's interest, be it directed against Jordanians, Palestinians or Israelis," Speakes said.