This is a summary of recent congressional actions not reported elsewhere in The Post. HOUSE

DOT Funding

The House approved, 307 to 102, a $10.1 billion appropriation for fiscal 1986 for the Transportation Department and related agencies, after amendments trimmed $1 billion from the House Appropriations Committee bill. The bill would provide $2.2 billion more than the Reagan administration request and $1.6 billion less than in fiscal 1985. (HR3244, Sept. 12)

Distressed Areas

By a 290-to-96 vote, the House approved legislation to reauthorize the Economic Development Administration and the Appalachian Regional Commission for fiscal 1986. Funding for both agencies, which help economically distressed areas, was reduced to conform with the fiscal 1986 congressional budget resolution. The amendment trimmed the EDA's authorization from $530 million to $182 million and cut the ARC from $320 million to $121 million. Neither program has been reauthorized since 1982; instead they have been extended through appropriations bills. (HR10, Sept 4)

Railroad Safety

The House, by voice vote, approved legislation authorizing $40.9 million in fiscal 1986 and $42.5 million in fiscal 1987 for state and federal railroad safety programs. The measure includes $55.8 million over the next two years for the Federal Railroad Administration's safety office. The Senate passed a similar measure in June. The administration opposes the bill, in part because one provision would allow rail employes or unions to sue the Transportation Department for failing to enforce safety standards. (S1080, Sept. 5)

Pension Programs

By voice vote, the Education and Labor Committee backed three measures designed to protect the federal pension insurance program from insolvency. The bills increase -- from $2.60 to $8.50 -- the yearly insurance premiums employers must pay for each participant in their pension programs. Without an increase, officials of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corp. said, the program would face financial losses. (HR2811, HR2812, HR2813, Sept. 11) Continuing Funds

The Appropriations Committee, by voice vote, approved a continuing resolution that would fund government programs for 45 days beyond Oct. 1, the start of the new fiscal year. The resolution is designed to give Congress more time to complete work on the 13 appropriations bills. (No bill number yet, Sept. 12) SENATE

Food Assistance

The Agriculture Committee voted, 12 to 2, to reauthorize the temporary emergency food assistance program for the next two years. The program would set aside $50 million annually for grants to states to administer the distribution of surplus food to the poor. Under the program, which is part of the 1985 farm bill, states must pay at least half the administrative costs. The House, which has passed a farm bill, sets aside the same amount for the program. (S616, Sept. 12)

Nuclear Crime Check

The Judiciary Committee, by unanimous vote, approved a measure that would allow nuclear power plant operators to review government criminal records about prospective employes. Under the bill, applicants' fingerprints would be sent to the Justice Department, which would determine whether they have a criminal record. (S274, Sept. 12)