One engine on a two-engine Eastern Air Lines jetliner carrying 116 people stopped functioning as the plane was taking off from Tampa, Fla., yesterday afternoon, but the pilot was able to land the plane safely with the remaining engine, a National Transportation Safety Board spokesman said.

Flying parts from the failed left engine on the McDonnell Douglas DC9 apparently struck and peeled back the engine cover. The distorted cowling significantly increased the air resistance, and the pilot had to overheat the remaining engine to retain control, the spokesman said.

The engines on a DC9 are the JT8D model, manufactured by the Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Group of United Technologies Corp.

Failures of JT8D engines played a role in two accidents this year -- an explosion and fire that killed 55 people on a British Airtours flight in Manchester, England, and the crash on takeoff of a Midwest Express flight in Milwaukee that killed 31.

In Milwaukee, the plane lost one engine as it was climbing off the runway, a circumstance similar to yesterday's incident.

However, the pilot in Milwaukee was unable to regain control for reasons the safety board is trying to discover. There was some damage to the second engine in that accident.