The Soviet Union has submitted a draft agreement on arms control issues for U.S. endorsement during the November summit meeting in Geneva, according to diplomatic sources here.

The draft outlines the "agreement in principle" on space and nuclear arms issues that the Kremlin says it is seeking at the summit, the sources said. It is seen as part of Moscow's intensified bid to reach an accord with Washington at the current Geneva arms talks.

Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze, after calling publicly at the United Nations last week for the two sides to adopt an "agreement in principle," submitted the communique-style text to U.S. officials last Friday, the sources said. The draft is to serve for discussion and possible agreement by President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in Geneva.

Soviet officials' efforts to create an impression of momentum in Geneva are expected to climax during summit preparatory discussions here next week. Senior Kremlin officials are believed likely to seek Secretary of State George P. Shultz's preliminary approval of the text during those talks Monday and Tuesday.

Soviet spokesmen and U.S. Embassy personnel in Moscow have declined to comment on the text. But a western diplomat said one Kremlin objective is "hard commitments" from the Reagan administration limiting the research it plans to conduct under the Strategic Defense Initiative.

[In Washington, a White House spokesman, Edward P. Djerejian, responded "no comment" to the report. But sources said the text of a Soviet statement had been brought to the United States by the Soviet foreign minister. Last Tuesday, spokesman Larry Speakes said, "We don't have any agreement with the Soviets to develop a communique, or a statement of principles. We do not oppose one, but we're not seeking one."]

Other western analysts familiar with the rough outline of the proposal said it probably would include the 50 percent cut in nuclear weapons arsenals that Soviet negotiators in Geneva already have proposed as a trade-off for U.S. cancellation of SDI. The draft is also thought to propose a system of verification for the ban on nuclear testing that the Soviets previously have proposed.

Although some U.S. officials have been sharply critical of the Soviet arms cut proposal as being overwhelmingly to Soviet advantage, Reagan has said that it contains "seeds to nurture." A comprehensive U.S. response to that Soviet proposal is expected to be made soon.

Days after submitting the text of a draft accord for the summit meeting, Soviet sources publicized through the western press that Yelena Bonner, wife of Nobel Peace Prize laureate Andrei Sakharov, had been given permission to leave the Soviet Union to receive medical treatment.

The sources also revealed that Soviet negotiators in Geneva had offered to scrap work on the Krasnoyarsk radar installation -- which the United States charges is in violation of current accords -- in exchange for a U.S. cancellation of plans to improve radar stations in Greenland and Britain.

In Moscow, Soviet officials have projected an image of flexibility to western diplomats with the approach of Shultz's visit.

"They appear likely to make compromises on some other issues before and during the summit," said a senior western diplomat here, "and to publicize them." Speculation persists in the Soviet capital that Moscow will make a major public-relations gambit to curry favor with the West before the summit.

The Soviet proposals so far have met with mixed reactions. Bonner's expected visa to travel west for medical treatment, while applauded, has also signaled to westerners that she and her dissident husband will remain in exile in the restricted city of Gorki. Sakharov, a physicist, was banished to Gorki in 1980, and last year Bonner, too, was sentenced to internal exile there.

Since Shevardnadze's trip to the United States last week, expressions of support have multiplied from middle-level Soviet officials in the Foreign Ministry and the Institute for United States and Canada for an agreement in principle during the summit.

Radomir Bogdanov, deputy director of the institute and one of Moscow's leading specialists on U.S. arms policy, endorsed the idea, saying, "I believe it would be possible to come out of the summit with some guiding principles for future talks."

Shultz's visit to Moscow is widely viewed as a key prelude to the summit. U.S. officials here said it was discussed during Shevardnadze's talks with U.S. officials in Washington last month.