Today's reality is that programs dedicated to lasting solutions and refugee care require large expenditures of funds. In the past eight years, the total funding for the general and special programs that this executive committee has approved exceeds $3 billion. It is a tribute to internaional burden-sharing and to the compelling nature of the humanitarian crises that resources have been provided in such generous amounts.
What does this mean? While in some cases refugees need only legal protection, the vast majority need more, ranging from care and maintenance programs to programs enabling refugees to become self-supporting. The days appear past when refugees were a minority living temporarily in an industrialized economy while awaiting resettlement in another modern industrial society.
We need to recognize the broader definition of donor country, which must include the asylum countries that provide land and share their lives with the refugees. Countries recognized primarily for their financial support have, in some instances, also accepted significant numbers of refugees for third-country resettlement.
In my own country in the past 10 years, we have received over one million refugees for permanent resettlement. While we recognize that these new arrivals enrich our nation, there is a growing concern about balancing resettlement with other durable solutions. This new reality demands extraordinary efforts both to reduce the numbers of refugees and to find other, more satisfactory solutions to their plight.