Secretary of State George P. Shultz included Chile today in a list of dictatorships that are "the odd men out" as democracy spreads through the Western Hemisphere.
It was the first time Shultz had applied the term "dictatorship" to the military presidency of Gen. Augusto Pinochet, who took power in a coup against an elected leftist government in 1973. The remark appeared to be part of recent efforts by the Reagan administration to increase pressure on Chile to move toward democratic elections.
That pressure has involved negative votes on Chile's international loan applications and a denunciation two weeks ago before the International Human Rights Commission in Geneva of human rights violations by the Pinochet government.
"In the Western Hemisphere, we've seen a remarkable trend in the last 10 years, so that by now the countries ruled by dictatorship are Chile, Paraguay, Cuba and Nicaragua," Shultz said at a news conference here. "They're the odd men out."
He went on to say that the "Cuba-Nicaraguan pattern, being totalitarian in its nature, is by far the worst of this group."
Shultz spoke before meeting privately for 35 minutes with Pope John Paul II on the last day of his 10-day swing through four European nations. Officials in France, Turkey, Greece and Italy generally have been cool in their assessment of last week's U.S. military action against Libya, according to aides traveling with Shultz. They said the officials backed the U.S. goal of keeping international waters open but had reservations about U.S. tactics.
Shultz used his last news conference to "tick off some examples of what is wrong" with Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi. "He harbors terrorists, trains them, supplies them, encourages them and brags about it. He is his own smoking gun. You don't have to be Sherlock Holmes to figure it out," Shultz said.
But he acknowledged that "there are variations of opinions here, as elsewhere, on what the right tactics are to deal with Qaddafi."
That was underscored by Foreign Minister Giulio Andreotti, who told reporters after a two-hour luncheon meeting with Shultz that he had recommended taking such disputes to the International Court of Justice at The Hague but that Shultz had disagreed. "He doesn't think that a legal solution is appropriate," Andreotti said.
Andreotti also said U.S. consultation procedures with Europe on the action against Libya "would work even better if they were timely and happened before the event."
Shultz heads for home Sunday after attending Easter mass at St. Peter's Basilica.